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Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since

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Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2011, 08:43
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Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture, it is clear that humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods, consisting mainly of raw fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, lean meat, and seafood. Straying from this diet has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems. Thus, the more our diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be.

The boldface portion plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

A) It is a conclusion for which the only support offered is the claim that straying from a diet of wild foods has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.

b) It is a premise for which no justification is provided, but which is used to support the argument’s main conclusion.

c) It is a phenomenon for which the main conclusion of the nutritionist’s argument is cited as an explanation.

d) It is an intermediate conclusion for which one claim is offered as support, and which is used in turn to support the argument’s main conclusion.

e) It is a premise offered in support of the claim that humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by broall on 11 Jun 2017, 05:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture, it is clear that humans
are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods
, consisting mainly of raw fruits and vegetables, nuts and
seeds, lean meat, and seafood. Straying from this diet has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical
problems. Thus, the more our diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be.

The boldface portion plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

A. It is a conclusion for which the only support offered is the claim that straying from a diet of wild foods has often
resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.
B. It is a premise for which no justification is provided, but which is used to support the argument’s main conclusion.
C. It is a phenomenon for which the main conclusion of the nutritionist’s argument is cited as an explanation.
D. It is an intermediate conclusion for which one claim is offered as support, and which is used in turn to support the
argument’s main conclusion.
E. It is a premise offered in support of the claim that humans have evolved very little since the development of
agriculture.
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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2013, 10:17
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Analysis of Argument:
Nutritionist view: Humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods
Nutritionist reason for this view: humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture
Nutritionist observation: Straying from this diet has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.
Nutritionist conclusion based on his view and observation: The more our diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be.

Pre thinking:
Nutritionist is using his view that Humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods which he supports with the reason that because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture to support his main and final conclusion that the more our diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be.

Analysis of Answer choices:
A. It is a conclusion for which the only support offered is the claim that straying from a diet of wild foods has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.
Incorrect: The support offered for this claim is that humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture
B. It is a premise for which no justification is provided, but which is used to support the argument’s main conclusion.
Incorrect: A justification is provided for this.
C. It is a phenomenon for which the main conclusion of the nutritionist’s argument is cited as an explanation.
Incorrect: It is actually reverse of this. It is used to explain the main conclusion.
D. It is an intermediate conclusion for which one claim is offered as support, and which is used in turn to support the argument’s main conclusion.
Correct: Correct as the Nutritionist first concludes that Humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods using the first line of argument and then used this view to reach the final conclusion.

E. It is a premise offered in support of the claim that humans have evolved very little since the
development of agriculture.
Incorrect: It is the other way round.
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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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carcass wrote:
Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture, it is clear that humans
are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods
, consisting mainly of raw fruits and vegetables, nuts and
seeds, lean meat, and seafood. Straying from this diet has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical
problems. Thus, the more our diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be.

The boldface portion plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

A. It is a conclusion for which the only support offered is the claim that straying from a diet of wild foods has often
resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.
B. It is a premise for which no justification is provided, but which is used to support the argument’s main conclusion.
C. It is a phenomenon for which the main conclusion of the nutritionist’s argument is cited as an explanation.
D. It is an intermediate conclusion for which one claim is offered as support, and which is used in turn to support the
argument’s main conclusion.
E. It is a premise offered in support of the claim that humans have evolved very little since the development of
agriculture.



The portion under consideration here is "humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods".

Option A: It is a conclusion for which the only support offered is the claim that straying from a diet of wild foods has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.
This is clearly wrong because the support offered to this conclusion is that straying away from a diet of wild food has often resulted in chronic illness and other problems.
Hence Option A is incorrect.

Option B: It is a premise for which no justification is provided, but which is used to support the argument’s main conclusion.
There is actually a supporting statement to justify this. (Straying away from a diet of wild food........)
Hence Option B is incorrect.

Option C: It is a phenomenon for which the main conclusion of the nutritionist’s argument is cited as an explanation.
In fact it is the other way around. The main conclusion of the argument is supported by the bold faced statement.
Hence Option C is incorrect.

Option D: It is an intermediate conclusion for which one claim is offered as support, and which is used in turn to support the argument’s main conclusion.
This is true. The bold faced statement is supported by the statement "humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture".
Also the bold faced statement is used to draw the final conclusion of the argument. Hence it is an intermediate conclusion.
Option D is correct.

Option E: It is a premise offered in support of the claim that humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture.
Actually, it doesn't support the claim that humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture. It is the other way around.
Hence Option E is incorrect.

Therefore Option D is the correct answer

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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2011, 09:23
LalaB wrote:
Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture,
it is clear that humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods, consisting
mainly of raw fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, lean meat, and seafood. Straying from
this diet has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems. Thus, the more our
diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be. The boldface portion plays which one of
the following roles in the argument?
A) It is a conclusion for which the only support offered is the claim that straying from a diet of
wild foods has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.
b) It is a premise for which no justification is provided, but which is used to support the
argument’s main conclusion.
c) It is a phenomenon for which the main conclusion of the nutritionist’s argument is cited as
an explanation.
d) It is an intermediate conclusion for which one claim is offered as support, and which is used
in turn to support the argument’s main conclusion.
e) It is a premise offered in support of the claim that humans have evolved very little since the
development of agriculture.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


Nice question.
OA should be D
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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2011, 22:24
Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture,
it is clear that humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods

The boldface part is clearly an intermediate conclusion .The main conclusion is Eat wild to stay healthy.

So D only fits the role

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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2011, 03:19
D it is. After POE, I came down to B and D and eliminated B because its a premise for which justification is indeed provided---> that's the first line of stimulus.

LalaB wrote:
Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture,
it is clear that humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods, consisting
mainly of raw fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, lean meat, and seafood. Straying from
this diet has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems. Thus, the more our
diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be. The boldface portion plays which one of
the following roles in the argument?
A) It is a conclusion for which the only support offered is the claim that straying from a diet of
wild foods has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems.
b) It is a premise for which no justification is provided, but which is used to support the
argument’s main conclusion.
c) It is a phenomenon for which the main conclusion of the nutritionist’s argument is cited as
an explanation.
d) It is an intermediate conclusion for which one claim is offered as support, and which is used
in turn to support the argument’s main conclusion.
e) It is a premise offered in support of the claim that humans have evolved very little since the
development of agriculture.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2011, 03:23
D
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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2011, 04:49
This one's a lot better than the pedigree bold face :)

D it is.
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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2012, 23:42
Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since the development of agriculture,
it is clear that humans are still biologically adapted to a diet of wild foods, consisting
mainly of raw fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, lean meat, and seafood. Straying from
this diet has often resulted in chronic illness and other physical problems. Thus, the more our
diet consists of wild foods, the healthier we will be. The boldface portion plays which one of
the following roles in the argument?

Identifying the red phrase/word will do: i. e. the bold part is either conclusion or sub-conclusion. So B, C and E Out. The main conclusion is drawn at the end. So, the bold part is sub/intermediate conclusion.

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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 03:24
so, are there any questions with 3 bold phrases in a passage?

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Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 10:00
chessgiants wrote:
so, are there any questions with 3 bold phrases in a passage?


I don't think those can ever be asked unless you are solving 780-800 level questions. :P :)
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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Nutritionist: Because humans have evolved very little since   [#permalink] 10 Jun 2017, 09:00
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