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Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from

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Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Jun 2008, 20:08
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C
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85% (00:55) correct 15% (00:59) wrong based on 1811 sessions

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Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides, two major pollutants emitted by automobiles, react with sunlight.

(A) ozone is formed in the atmosphere from
(B) ozone is formed in the atmosphere when
(C) ozone is formed in the atmosphere, and when
(D) ozone, formed in the atmosphere when
(E) ozone, formed in the atmosphere from

Originally posted by jimmyjamesdonkey on 03 Jun 2008, 09:22.
Last edited by jimmyjamesdonkey on 03 Jun 2008, 20:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2011, 04:11
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Chemistry apart, let us look into some grammar of this text.
(A) ozone is formed in the atmosphere from ….. there are two verbs namely ‘is formed’ and ‘react’. Notwithastanding the meaning, it is a grammatical flaw to use two verbs for a lone subject without a conjunction

(B) ozone is formed in the atmosphere when …. The second part is converted into a subordinate clause by using a subordinate connector ‘when’; the use of two verbs is justified because of there are now two subjects. Correct choice

(C) ozone is formed in the atmosphere, and when ….. Distorts the original meaning. Looks as if Ozone is formed twice, first in the atmosphere and again when the pollutants react.

(D) Ozone, formed in the atmosphere when….. the primary clause is a fragment; 'formed' is a past participle and not a verb.

(E) ozone, formed in the atmosphere from ….. Distorts the meaning; means that Ozone formed from the pollutants react (should be reacts) with sunlight.
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2011, 02:17
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for simplification modifier part 'two major pollutants emitted by automobiles' can be removed and then we can look at the answer choices which give us complete meaning.
(a)reacts with sunlight has no bearing on the rest of the sentence.(what reacts?)
(b)Often visible as smog,ozone is formed in the atmosphere when hydrocarbons and
nitrogen oxides, two major pollutants emitted by automobiles, react with sunlight.
gives the proper meaning as how the ozone is formed.
(c)ozone is formed in the atmosphere, and when
and is unnecessary here.
(d)ozone, formed in the atmosphere when - looks incomplete, looks as if the sentence tends to convey something after the forming of ozone, but thts not the case here.
(e)same as above.
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2012, 17:19
The answer to this question must be B:

A. This answer choice is correct until we hit the word "from." This last word must introduce a subordinate clause because "hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides" becomes the subject of the next clause - this subject agrees with the plural verb "react."

B. This is the correct answer choice and the meaning is clear. "When" introduces the subordinate clause.

C. The comma + coordinating conjunction splits the meaning of the sentence. The meaning of the sentence is that ozone is formed because hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides react with sunlight. However, this sentence splits the elements into separate thoughts. This is confusing.

D. Firstly, without a verb here, the sentence is a fragment. Also, the initial modifier doesn't seem to modify anything - it may seem to modify ozone, but the modifier should modify a clause or the subject of the clause.

E. Same as E. However, in this case, "from" is also incorrect.
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2012, 12:51
Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from hydrocarbons and
nitrogen oxides, two major pollutants emitted by automobiles, react with sunlight.

=>

ozone is formed in the atmosphere from hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides react with sunlight.

(A) ozone is formed in the atmosphere from Sentence ends leaving react with sunlight dangling
(B) ozone is formed in the atmosphere when
(C) ozone is formed in the atmosphere, and when when hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides react with sunlight what happens?
(D) ozone, formed in the atmosphere when What about ozone thus formed?
(E) ozone, formed in the atmosphere from Although it wouldn't make sense, this could be correct if react were reacts.
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2013, 12:07
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2014, 18:02
If anyone picked A in this question, it must have been because he/she didn´t read the whole question.

This is a simple problem, but Gmat usually uses this pattern of placing what it looks like a correct answer if you don´t read the entire sentence.


OA = B
Ozone is formed when h and n react with sunlight.

If you ignored the underlined portion = A
Ozone is formed from h and n ("yeah, this sounds right... Stop reading and move on")
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2016, 21:32
option D

"ozone, formed in the atmosphere when"

why is this a sentence fragment ? cant the line "formed in the atmosphere when" be a ed modifier which modifies ozone ?
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2016, 01:58
It is precisely because ‘formed in the atmosphere’ is a modifier, D is a fragment. As you may see, the Ozone is subject of the main clause but it lacks an appropriate verb, since ‘formed’, is not a verb but a past participle. Immediately after the modifier, a subordinate clause introduced by ‘when’ starts and the subject of the main clause is left dangling without a verb.
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2016, 04:25
Guys, I discarded option 'B' just because it's using 'when' ... I am under impression that 'when' is used only to refer time. Can you please help me understand this?
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2017, 13:56
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Sheersh wrote:
Guys, I discarded option 'B' just because it's using 'when' ... I am under impression that 'when' is used only to refer time. Can you please help me understand this?



Hello Sheersh,

I know this is a very old post. Yet I am answering it so that if any one else has the same doubt, can find an answer here. :-)

It is true that generally when is used to present the time of an event. However, in certain sentences, when is used to present condition also.

When A happens, B happens. --> The intended meaning is that A has to happen for B to to take place.

This is the usage of when that we see in this official sentence.

The sentence says that when hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides react with sunlight, then ozone is formed.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 13:38
Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides, two major pollutants emitted by automobiles, react with sunlight.

(A) ozone is formed in the atmosphere from
(B) ozone is formed in the atmosphere when
(C) ozone is formed in the atmosphere, and when
(D) ozone , formed in the atmosphere when ==> Creates a fragment
(E) ozone , formed in the atmosphere from ==> Changes the meaning and creates a fragment
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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 12:02
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Often visible as smog, ozone is formed in the atmosphere from &nbs [#permalink] 20 Sep 2018, 12:02
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