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og 11th edition.. question # 137

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Intern
Joined: 27 Jan 2008
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og 11th edition.. question # 137 [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2008, 21:35
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in teh second half of the year.

a. same
c. expected it would and that it will improve its business
d. expected them to and its business would improve
e. expected and that it will have improved its business

I dont see when to use EXPECTED and HAD EXPECTED. THE solutions in the end of the book arent really explaining this to me. I am lost on this one. . please help

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Senior Manager
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Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137 [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2008, 21:37
enginpasa1 wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in teh second half of the year.

a. same
c. expected it would and that it will improve its business
d. expected them to and its business would improve
e. expected and that it will have improved its business

I dont see when to use EXPECTED and HAD EXPECTED. THE solutions in the end of the book arent really explaining this to me. I am lost on this one. . please help

(B)
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Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137 [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 05:46
Can someone explain this one - why not had expected "them to" - Choice D?

Thanks.

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Intern
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Schools: Kellogg, Ross, Darden, Kelley, UNC
Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137 [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 08:43
Choice D is wrong because of the verb tenses. Whenever we have two or more events in the past, each one following the other in a precise chronological order, the action that happened for first needs to be expressed in the past participle form.

Here, the first thing that happened is the analysts' forecast; then, x time later, the profits declined less than expected, and the company announced the result.

Thus, the right form is "the company announced that its profits declined much less... than analysts had expected"

Moreover, "expected them to" seems quite redundant (for sure it is more wordy than choice B).

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Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137 [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 09:07
MBA 2012 - D also uses the past particple - Infact the only difference between B and D is D uses the words expected "them to", so I am not sure what verb are you referring as incorrect.

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Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137 [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 09:25
enginpasa1 wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in teh second half of the year.

a. same
c. expected it would and that it will improve its business
d. expected them to and its business would improve
e. expected and that it will have improved its business

I dont see when to use EXPECTED and HAD EXPECTED. THE solutions in the end of the book arent really explaining this to me. I am lost on this one. . please help

I don't have OG book with me, so I cannot check. But, from what I see above, B and D have different verb forms.

However, another element that I forgot to point out and that strengthens choice B => "The company announced that it profits... and that its business...".

Look for this kind of parallelisms, because they most often are signals of the correct answer.

Hope this helps!

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Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137 [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 09:38
agree with B.

same as MBA2012's logic.
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Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2009, 09:38
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