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# OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared

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OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2015, 20:28
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Question Stats:

73% (02:02) correct 27% (01:08) wrong based on 301 sessions

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Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 01:30
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Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884 - Present participle does not seem good. Moreover, mentioning 'Named' two time is redundant.
B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter - Correct.
C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter - No verb for 'Asteroid lda'. Incomplete sentence.
D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter - Using 'To' before 'orbit' shows that asteroids purposefully orbit the sun, which is not the case. Moreover, In sentence - ''named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884'' - It is not clear whether 'discovered' is parallel to ' cared' or 'named'.
E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter - In this option, Past participle is made parallel with Verb. Using 'To' before 'orbit' shows that asteroids purposefully orbit the sun, which is not the case.

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Re: OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 06:11
Meaning analysis:
1. Asteroid Ida is in the middle of belt of asteroids that orbit the sun between mars and Jupiter.
2. Asteroid Ida was discovered in 1884
3. It is named for a for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter

Error :
1. Having been – “is not correct, it happened in past.” Named is better option.
2. Modifier issue “Having been “ should modify specific noun Ida (Ida was named, not asteroid was named) , I am not sure if this is correct, but if better construction is found then it should be given preference.

POE.
A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.

B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
Correct
Discovered in 1884 (Ved modifier modifying asteroid),
the asteroid lda,
named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter (modifier modifying Ida),
is (verb for singular subject Ida) in the middle of the belt of asteroids
that orbit (plural verb for plural subject asteroids) the Sun between Mars and Jupiter

C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
There is no verb at all
If we remove the fluff – sentence will be “the asteroid discovered and named”
discovered and named are not Verb but Ved modifier.
Incorrect – No Verb error

D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
Everything is correct till “belt of asteroids”, we need to describe the belt of asteroids,
Meaning error “Ida is in the middle of belt to orbit the sun between mars and Jupiter” this is not intended meaning
Incorrect – meaning error

E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

Meaning error “Ida is in the middle of belt to orbit the sun between mars and Jupiter” this is not intended meaning
Parallelism error – Ida “ an asteroid discovered in 1884” (noun phrase) cannot be made parallel “Which was named .. “ relative clause modifier.
Incorrect – Meaning , Parallelism
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Re: OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 12:02
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The trick of the trade in dealing with such multiple modifiers is to stick to the main objective; you might do well to fix the main subject and its core activity and ignore all the modifiers for the time being.
Here 'Ida' is the subject and its core activity is that it is in the midst of more such asteroids that also orbit the sun. The core activity should be given a verb status. In addition, to orbit will be out of sync as pointed out by others as there is no intention or purpose involved.

A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884. --- The core activity that Ida is in the midst of other asteroids is just expressed a in prepositional modifier without the verb ‘is’

B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. --- Correct expression of core activity; best fit

C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter. Job made easy; this is a fragment

D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. ‘to orbit’ is the culprit
E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter. --- ‘to orbit’ is the culprit
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Re: OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 14:12
Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
A. Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, the asteroid named Ida, in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered in 1884.
B. Discovered in 1884, the asteroid lda, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
C. In the middle of the belt of asteroids that orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, the asteroid lda, discovered in 1884 and named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter.
D. The asteroid Ida, named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter and discovered in 1884, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
E. Ida, an asteroid discovered in 1884 and which was named for a mythological nymph who cared for the infant Jupiter, is in the middle of the belt of asteroids to orbit the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.

First Glance: "Having..." is a modifier that must modify the subject immediately. The modifier's intent is to express who Ida was named after, but the modifier is modifying "the asteroid named Ida", which creates an awkward and incorrect combination.
Eliminate A
Scanning B-E: Eliminate C for the missing verb error. Eliminate D and E for is...to orbit (the infinitive form is used to show intent/purpose and this is incorrect in the sentence's context).
B is correct: S-V make grammatical and logical sense. Modifiers appropriately modify "the asteroid Ida".
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Re: OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 22:32
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Expert's post
Quick 'IN' & 'OUT' strategy:

Meaning - The sentence gives information about "Asteroid Ida" - discovery, naming of the asteroid, and its orbit.

A. "Having Construction" - Wrong modifier . Typically "having constructions" are wrong in Sc.

B. Looks fine

C. No verb - Incomplete sentence

D. Logically not parallel (It needs to be first discovered and then named)

Another error is the "To orbit" construction - illogical

E. Typically "Which" in GMAT Sc is always preceded by , or preposition. (Another error is the "To orbit" construction - illogical)

This option is having neither.

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Re: OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2016, 07:32
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Re: OG 2016 - Having been named for a mythological nymph who cared   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2016, 07:32
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