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OG- 2020 : RC challenge

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OG- 2020 : RC challenge  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2019, 11:21
Custom AssessmentQuestion time elapsed 13:43
Notes
Calculator
Line Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance
European women “stood on a footing of perfect
equality” with Renaissance men has been repeatedly
cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their
(5) presentation of rich historical evidence of women’s
inequality. In striking contrast to Burckhardt, Joan
Kelly in her famous 1977 essay, “Did Women Have
a Renaissance?” argued that the Renaissance was
a period of economic and social decline for women
(10) relative both to Renaissance men and to medieval
women. Recently, however, a significant trend
among feminist scholars has entailed a rejection
of both Kelly’s dark vision of the Renaissance and
Burckhardt’s rosy one. Many recent works by these
(15) scholars stress the ways in which differences
among Renaissance women—especially in terms
of social status and religion—work to complicate
the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and
Kelly made on the basis of their observations about
(20) upper-class Italian women.
The trend is also evident, however, in works
focusing on those middle- and upper-class
European women whose ability to write gives them
disproportionate representation in the historical
(25) record. Such women were, simply by virtue of
their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the
population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of
their experiences as typical of “female experience”
in any general sense. Tina Krontiris, for example, in
(30) her fascinating study of six Renaissance women
writers, does tend at times to conflate “women” and
“women writers,” assuming that women’s gender,
irrespective of other social differences, including
literacy, allows us to view women as a homogeneous
(35) social group and make that group an object of
analysis. Nonetheless, Krontiris makes a significant
contribution to the field and is representative of
those authors who offer what might be called a
cautiously optimistic assessment of Renaissance
(40) women’s achievements, although she also stresses
the social obstacles Renaissance women faced
when they sought to raise their “oppositional
voices.” Krontiris is concerned to show women
intentionally negotiating some power for themselves
(45) (at least in the realm of public discourse) against
potentially constraining ideologies, but in her sober
and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests
that such verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes
was highly circumscribed; women seldom attacked
(50) the basic assumptions in the ideologies that
oppressed them.


Question
The author of the passage discusses Krontiris primarily to provide an example of a writer who

A. is highly critical of the writings of certain Renaissance women

B. supports Kelly’s view of women’s status during the Renaissance

C. has misinterpreted the works of certain Renaissance women

D. has rejected the views of both Burckhardt and Kelly

E. has studied Renaissance women in a wide variety of social and religious contexts

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57281
Re: OG- 2020 : RC challenge  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2019, 11:52
yogi02 wrote:
Custom AssessmentQuestion time elapsed 13:43
Notes
Calculator
Line Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance
European women “stood on a footing of perfect
equality” with Renaissance men has been repeatedly
cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their
(5) presentation of rich historical evidence of women’s
inequality. In striking contrast to Burckhardt, Joan
Kelly in her famous 1977 essay, “Did Women Have
a Renaissance?” argued that the Renaissance was
a period of economic and social decline for women
(10) relative both to Renaissance men and to medieval
women. Recently, however, a significant trend
among feminist scholars has entailed a rejection
of both Kelly’s dark vision of the Renaissance and
Burckhardt’s rosy one. Many recent works by these
(15) scholars stress the ways in which differences
among Renaissance women—especially in terms
of social status and religion—work to complicate
the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and
Kelly made on the basis of their observations about
(20) upper-class Italian women.
The trend is also evident, however, in works
focusing on those middle- and upper-class
European women whose ability to write gives them
disproportionate representation in the historical
(25) record. Such women were, simply by virtue of
their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the
population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of
their experiences as typical of “female experience”
in any general sense. Tina Krontiris, for example, in
(30) her fascinating study of six Renaissance women
writers, does tend at times to conflate “women” and
“women writers,” assuming that women’s gender,
irrespective of other social differences, including
literacy, allows us to view women as a homogeneous
(35) social group and make that group an object of
analysis. Nonetheless, Krontiris makes a significant
contribution to the field and is representative of
those authors who offer what might be called a
cautiously optimistic assessment of Renaissance
(40) women’s achievements, although she also stresses
the social obstacles Renaissance women faced
when they sought to raise their “oppositional
voices.” Krontiris is concerned to show women
intentionally negotiating some power for themselves
(45) (at least in the realm of public discourse) against
potentially constraining ideologies, but in her sober
and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests
that such verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes
was highly circumscribed; women seldom attacked
(50) the basic assumptions in the ideologies that
oppressed them.


Question
The author of the passage discusses Krontiris primarily to provide an example of a writer who

A. is highly critical of the writings of certain Renaissance women

B. supports Kelly’s view of women’s status during the Renaissance

C. has misinterpreted the works of certain Renaissance women

D. has rejected the views of both Burckhardt and Kelly

E. has studied Renaissance women in a wide variety of social and religious contexts

Posted from my mobile device



Discussed here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/jacob-burckh ... 18792.html
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Re: OG- 2020 : RC challenge   [#permalink] 07 Aug 2019, 11:52
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