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# On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s

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On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 04:54
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On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge that is unlike any other known insect in its spending its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.

(A) that is unlike any other known insect in its spending
(B) that is unlike any insect known as it spends
(C) that, unlike any other known insect, spends
(D) unlike any insect known as it spends
(E) unlike any other insect that is known, spending
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 07:28
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2017, 11:16
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On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge that is unlike any other known insect in its spending its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.

a) that is unlike any other known insect in its spending
b) that is unlike any insect known as it spends
c) that, unlike any other known insect, spends
d) unlike any insect known as it spends
e) unlike any other insect that is known, spending

Ignore "On a ...Himalayas" (prepositional phrase).

I think this sentence is trying to convey two things: The zoologist found a species of midge "that is unlike any other known insect" AND "that spends its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of a glacier".

C) is best b/c you can eliminate "unlike any other known insect", and it reads perfectly: that spends.

* "it" is an ambiguous pronoun -- could refer to "insect" or "midge". Elim B, D
* spending = incorrect. Elim A, E.

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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 07:20
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Good question, ziyuen. And yes, the commas are completely fine. The phrase inside the commas is just setting up a comparison with the midge, and the commas help separate it from the rest of the sentence.

Consider the following:

Unlike any other known insect, midges live in glaciers.
Midges, unlike any other known insect, live in glaciers.

No problem with either of these, right? The comparison is correct, and in that second sentence, you clearly need the commas for separation. (C) is similar, expect that now the "unlike..." phrase is part of a modifier beginning with "that":

Quote:
... scientists have found a species of midge that, unlike any other known insect, spends its life...

So the commas correctly separate the description from the rest of the clause. It would be muddier without the commas.

But for whatever it's worth: I can't really think of any GMAT SC questions that really test you on comma usage. Semicolons, perhaps -- but comma usage is never a deciding factor.

I hope this helps!
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 06:55
I would go for C because of concision. I consider C to be much "cleaner" and concise. That Spends.

a- in its spending --> Wordy
b- insect known --> I would consider known insect as a much correct choice.
d- Mixture of A and B
e- that is known --> I would consider as any other known insect much concise.

I have used this elimination process, mainly because of concission. Any comments?
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 07:11
am85 wrote:
I would go for C because of concision. I consider C to be much "cleaner" and concise. That Spends.

a- in its spending --> Wordy
b- insect known --> I would consider known insect as a much correct choice.
d- Mixture of A and B
e- that is known --> I would consider as any other known insect much concise.

I have used this elimination process, mainly because of concission. Any comments?

There is always a reason why a choice is wordy. What's that in this sentence?
"Any other" is better than just "any". The "other" is very vital here.
What is "it" referring to?
What is the effect of "comma + verb-Ing" form?
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2013, 12:32
Ans:- C

C) that, unlike any other known insect, spends ---- correct comparison, since "that"(species of midge) is acting as a subject here and is being compared correctly.
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2013, 08:23
On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge that is unlike any other known insect in its spending its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.

a)that is unlike any other known insect in its spending
b)that is unlike any insect known as it spends
c)that, unlike any other known insect, spends
d)unlike any insect known as it spends
e)unlike any other insect that is known, spending

Meaning:
Sentence says that Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge, and this species is unlike any other species because it spends its entire life in snow.

a)The problem with original choice is that its spending its entire life cycle phrase can act as Noun Modifier modifying phrase "any other know insect" or can act as adverbial modifier modifying clause " How species of midge is different from other insects?". hence ambiguous.

b) it spends - it can serve as a referrent of Zoologist, since it is subjective pronoun can act in place of subjective "noun"

c) correct - ambiguity is removed.

d) has same error as that of b

e) changes meaning. presenting the result of an effect. Moreover, redundant construction
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2013, 15:50
Marcab wrote:
On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge that is unlike any other known insect in its spending its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.

a) that is unlike any other known insect in its spending
b) that is unlike any insect known as it spends
c) that, unlike any other known insect, spends
d) unlike any insect known as it spends
e) unlike any other insect that is known, spending

No problem with the OA, but what are the issues with other choices. Need to discuss as many choices as possible.

IMO C
Choice C clearly uses that to refer to midge followed by ,.......insect used as modifier followed by , spends correctly refers to that singular midge

A, B, D and E distorts meaning
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2016, 08:04
On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge that is unlike any other known insect in its spending its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.

a) that is unlike any other known insect in its spending............its spending its lifecycle seems awkward with redundancy.
b) that is unlike any insect known as it spends................as it spends defines a reason for not being like others but it is not mentioned so.
c) that, unlike any other known insect, spends..........seems best and short.
d) unlike any insect known as it spends..............unlike seems to refer midge but needs a realtive pronoun to refer it.
e) unlike any other insect that is known, spending.................unlike spoils the dish again. Also spending suggests that Zoologist found midge while spending and again its life indicates that you are not getting the intended meaning.
Also that is known is redundant just like B instead of known insect.

Also any other vs any is one more criteria mentioned in below link.
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2016, 13:37
Why is B and D wrong?

I can't seem to understand the explanations...
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2016, 09:29
Mariwa wrote:
Why is B and D wrong?

I can't seem to understand the explanations...

The conjunction "as" is used to mean "because". In options B and D the meaning conveyed is:

A Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge because the midge spends its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.
Cause: The midge spends its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.
Effect: A Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge

The above meaning is absurd.
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 04:56
Marcab wrote:
On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a species of midge that is unlike any other known insect in its spending its entire life cycle in the snow and ice of glacier.

a) that is unlike any other known insect in its spending
b) that is unlike any insect known as it spends
c) that, unlike any other known insect, spends
d) unlike any insect known as it spends
e) unlike any other insect that is known, spending

GMATNinja, GMATNinjaTwo, DmitryFarber, Does comma in answer choice C been used correctly?
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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 06:17
C is best option. A is awkward. As it spends it refers to insect? Ambiguous d also same reason.incomplete sentence.

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Re: On a glacier in the high Himalayas, a Japanese zoologist has found a s   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2017, 06:17
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