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# On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2017, 07:42
Chemerical71 wrote:
On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

Of all the option choices, only Because of......immigrants provides proper reasoning structure. It is also gramatically correct. Hence D is the answer.
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 07:36
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A. On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold ---- the use of command subjunctive" that US citizen" hold is unwarranted

B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold ---- it gives a feeling as if the immigrants passed the law ---distorted meaning.

C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding --- No connect between the first and the second part due to the lack of a proper connector.

D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold --- the correct choice.

E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold--- 'being passed' -- bad verb tense

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2017, 17:47
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choice d

we need because, we can't join two clause with a comma

also "passed in 1993" modifies the LAW and making it a crime, -a ing modifier ( though little far away from LAW ) is ok

Because of a LAW passed in 1993 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2017, 00:09
fiesta wrote:
On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them

A. On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
B. With a law passed in 1993 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
C. A law passed in 1993 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
D. Because of a law passed in 1993 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
E. Due to a law being passed in 1993 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

this problem look testing an idiom. but, in fact, I think, it tests us more the difference between "comma+doing" and "doing" than the idiom because this idiom is hard to remember.

look at choice A and D, the difference between them is "comma" before "making". this is the point gmat want us to know. gmat wants us to know the difference between

noun+doing
and
noun+ comma+doing.

in the first, the doing modify the preceding noun (idealy, the noun touch the doing but it dose not need to touch the doing". in the second, the doing modify the whole clause before or after it.
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2017, 19:52
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D is right because in other options, "that" are put in wrong places to modify wrong nouns.
Also, here is an important note: preposition + noun + participle is 100% wrong in gmat
For example, because of his troops dying from the cold, Napoleon had to retreat from Russia.

However, in this question, "because of law passed in 1933 making..." is correct, because "making" does not modify the "law", but the whole clause "law passed in 1933"

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2017, 05:15
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2017, 05:37
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2017, 10:10
Anyone can explain for me in D, what does "to hold" do? I think it has some grammar problem?

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2018, 04:54
On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

HI GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k,

IN option A there might be some other errors but could you please let me know what making is modifying

As per my knowledge comma + -ing modifies the preceding clause
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2018, 14:41
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Expert's post
NandishSS wrote:
On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

HI GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k,

IN option A there might be some other errors but could you please let me know what making is modifying

As per my knowledge comma + -ing modifies the preceding clause

Dear NandishSS,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, any one-size-fits-all rule about participles is worse than useless. Participles have a bewildering array of uses and no one rule is going to capture it all.

In the bigger picture, your question is indicative of the wrong approach. Many students incorrectly imagine that they can get to GMAT SC mastery by memorizing all the rules: that is an entirely chimerical pursuit. Yes, there are some grammar rules one needs to learn, but even if one learns every conceivable rule, that's less than half the story. Mastery comes from developing intuition about the language, about how words and structures are used in the living flow. For a non-native speaker, the best way to develop this intuition is to cultivate a rigorous habit of reading. See:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

In this SC problem, version (A) is an awkward disaster. For a native speaker, it's obvious how awful it is. That would be the most important thing for a non-native speaker to learn to appreciate. The participle "making" here acts as a noun-modifier modifying "law." That's one of the few things that (A) gets correct.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2018, 18:56
mikemcgarry wrote:
NandishSS wrote:
On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1933, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

HI GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k,

IN option A there might be some other errors but could you please let me know what making is modifying

As per my knowledge comma + -ing modifies the preceding clause

Dear NandishSS,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, any one-size-fits-all rule about participles is worse than useless. Participles have a bewildering array of uses and no one rule is going to capture it all.

In the bigger picture, your question is indicative of the wrong approach. Many students incorrectly imagine that they can get to GMAT SC mastery by memorizing all the rules: that is an entirely chimerical pursuit. Yes, there are some grammar rules one needs to learn, but even if one learns every conceivable rule, that's less than half the story. Mastery comes from developing intuition about the language, about how words and structures are used in the living flow. For a non-native speaker, the best way to develop this intuition is to cultivate a rigorous habit of reading. See:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

In this SC problem, version (A) is an awkward disaster. For a native speaker, it's obvious how awful it is. That would be the most important thing for a non-native speaker to learn to appreciate. The participle "making" here acts as a noun-modifier modifying "law." That's one of the few things that (A) gets correct.

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Thanks mikemcgarry for your advice Will try to apply while practicing SC
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2018, 18:56

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