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On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y

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On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2007, 19:07
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On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

(A) A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.

(B) Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.

(C) The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.

(D) A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.

(E) Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2007, 20:48
My answer would be choice B. The critical element in the passage both commuter-heavy cities implies that residents spent money on transportation, a key element of surveys. Choice B implies that residents of City X have more public transportation choices, which tend to be cheaper, thus making it more affordable. Whereas in the case of City Y, the implied inefficiency of the public transportation could push commuters to use their automobiles often, leading to higher gas expenditures.

I know what I came up with definitely qualify for a wild reasoning but I think it is still valid given the circumstances explained the problem. Let me know if this logic is correct.

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2007, 21:05
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

A. A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.

B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.

C. The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.

D. A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.

E. Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.



A, D and E - Out of scope.
C - weakens the conclusion
B - Cost of fuel and insurance is exorbitant in both the cities. Public transportation of city Y is inefficient and expensive, so people either use expensive public transportation or spend more on fuel.

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2007, 21:16
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

A. A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.

B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.

C. The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.

D. A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.

E. Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.


B is best.
Transportation cost makes city Y less affordable.

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2007, 21:36
Nice. B is the answer.

I just didn't see this one when I was taking the test. I hate time pressure >:-X

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2007, 22:24
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

A. A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.
B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.
C. The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.
D. A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.
E. Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.


I agree with B but E could also explain the parodox. if x has several large business companies, then it has higher purchasing power than city y so x can afford the housing as compared to y.

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2007, 10:06
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
Fistail wrote:
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

A. A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.
B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.
C. The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.
D. A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.
E. Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.


I agree with B but E could also explain the parodox. if x has several large business companies, then it has higher purchasing power than city y so x can afford the housing as compared to y.



This is what I thought, but owell.


But this option "E" uses wide assumptions which r not mentioned in argument above. I think one has to add his own asumption for purchasing power reasoning. Any takers pls??

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2011, 12:54
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On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

a)A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.
b)Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.
c)The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.
d)A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.
e)Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.
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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2011, 19:48
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situation :
House Price X > Y
Fuel and Insurance cost X = Y
Total Living cost X < Y
both cities are commuter-heavy
so, public transport of city X is a logical and related explanation

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone explain this one stuck between A and B...


On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

A. A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.
B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.


The conclusion talks about "least affordable cities", and the passage says that the cost of fuel is exorbitant in both cities.

With B, we can conclude that X's residents can avoid fuel expenses by taking their transportation system, which is also cheap (so will not increase their taxes for example).

In A, even if more parents of Y send their childern to private school, this does not mean that the city is less affordable then X. Paying more for provate school is a choice and does not affect the overall "level of affordability" of the city. The affordability of a city must reflect the expenses necessary to live in that city, not the expenses that each one makes "above" that level.

Hope that what I mean is clear
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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2015, 20:38
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Paradox Revision Project.

On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine’s annual list of the country’s least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X. Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

A. A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.

B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.

C. The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.

D. A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.

E. Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.
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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2015, 22:43
Answer should be B.
Situation: Despite the fact that people of city X pay greater percent of their income for housing, City Y is more expensive than X.
A city does not become expensive only because of costly housing; there are other parameters too. Option B correctly mentions other parameters which makes City X less expensive.
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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2015, 06:40
Torn between C or B.
B makes more sense because it states that City Y is less affordable than X. Beside this can reconcile the contrast with the fact that fuel are exorbitant (could it be that City Y is spending more on the transportation?)
C is opposite with what the premise given which makes City Y NOT less affordable than X...

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2015, 06:56
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antztheman wrote:
Torn between C or B.
B makes more sense because it states that City Y is less affordable than X. Beside this can reconcile the contrast with the fact that fuel are exorbitant (could it be that City Y is spending more on the transportation?)
C is opposite with what the premise given which makes City Y NOT less affordable than X...


hi antztheman,
you are correct both give something to tell us one being more affordable than the other, but both say opposite of each other...
lets see the options..

B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system...
here it tells us that city x is more affordable than city Y and this is what question asks us...

C. The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.. this makes city Y more affordable , which is opposite of what is asked...
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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 11:45
Fistail wrote:
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities. Yet in Wealth Magazine's annual list of the country's least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the contrast described above?

A. A greater percentage of residents of City Y send their children to private schools than is the case in City X.
B. Unlike City Y, City X has an efficient and inexpensive public transportation system.
C. The average price of a new house is higher in City X than in City Y.
D. A number of high-priced restaurants and boutiques have recently opened in City Y.
E. Several large businesses have recently relocated from City Y to City X.


I agree with B but E could also explain the parodox. if x has several large business companies, then it has higher purchasing power than city y so x can afford the housing as compared to y.


correct: option B
A) out of scope... private school is not discussed in the argument...Hence wrong
B) Fuel costs in both cities are high and city X uses it efficiently and hence making it more affordable by decreasing the cost. Correct Answer
C) This is not explaining rather weakening the argument. Hence wrong
D) Restaurants and boutiques have no relation with the argument. Moreover, it is Wealth Magazine's annual list, and Restaurants and boutiques have recently opened. So, its anyway won't explain the paradox with recently while it covers for entire year. Hence wrong
E) It is similar to option D. It is Wealth Magazine's annual list, and large businesses have recently relocated. So, its anyway won't explain the paradox with recently while it covers for entire year. Hence wrong

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meetmba91 wrote:
Why is option D not correct?? Restaurants and Boutiques will make the overall living costs higher..


The correct answer should establish a link between two contrasting statements:
1. On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their yearly incomes to housing costs than do residents of City Y, though the costs of insurance and fuel generally are exorbitant in both commuter-heavy cities.

2. Yet in Wealth Magazine’s annual list of the country’s least affordable cities, City Y is deemed less affordable than City X.

Option D only states a different reason for the statement 2, but it does not relate statement 1 to statement 2. Option B establishes the relation better by relating the high "fuel" cost mentioned in statement 1 to less fuel usage in city X (because of efficient and inexpensive public transport).

(Moreover expensive restaurants and boutiques are results of high expenditures rather the cause. They do not imply that there are not enough affordable restaurants or boutiques in a city.)

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 17:53
aniteshgmat1101 wrote:
Answer should be B.
Situation: Despite the fact that people of city X pay greater percent of their income for housing, City Y is more expensive than X.
A city does not become expensive only because of costly housing; there are other parameters too. Option B correctly mentions other parameters which makes City X less expensive.


if so, my question is when we should include the parameters, and 1 parameter is enough to justify the answer?

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 20:03
Using POE => B is correct.
Surprisingly, although this question is relating to percentage and numbers, the right answer just concerns with something else.

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Re: On average, residents of City X devote a greater percentage of their y   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2017, 20:03
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