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# Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was

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Senior Manager
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Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2006, 09:26
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Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

(A) and with its superiority to the horse being
(B) and its superiority over the horse had been
(C) and its superiority to the horse
(D) its superiority over the horse
(E) with its superiority to the horse having been
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19 Jul 2006, 09:33
B

we need passive voice here... superiority can't prove anything by itself, though not sure about "superiority over"... is that correct use?

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19 Jul 2006, 09:44
(C) and its superiority to the horse

B requires had been proven past perfect tense, which is not the case. We have proved in the stem.

Also demonstrated and proved go together in the same tense.

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19 Jul 2006, 09:44
Don't you think you need "proven" if you go with B.

I will go with C. parallel construction "was demonstrated and its superiority to the horse proved".
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19 Jul 2006, 09:45
never mind... the answer is C... I totally missed the ellipsis thing...

Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being (WAS) proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

it is passive voice though

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19 Jul 2006, 09:54
u2lover wrote:
never mind... the answer is C... I totally missed the ellipsis thing...

Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being (WAS) proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

it is passive voice though

you are so right!!!
I just made the same mistake this morning..

take a look at below example from OG

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
E is the OA here.
that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results (be) published => omitting "be" is understood.
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19 Jul 2006, 10:02
freetheking wrote:
u2lover wrote:
never mind... the answer is C... I totally missed the ellipsis thing...

Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being (WAS) proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

it is passive voice though

you are so right!!!
I just made the same mistake this morning..

take a look at below example from OG

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
E is the OA here.
that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results (be) published => omitting "be" is understood.

great to know that I am not the only one making same mistakes... I feel I know the rules, but one rule sometimes strikes me and I am blinded by it for the rest of the 1.5 min limit on SC... crazy... I am working on it HARD...

also, to your example... IF choice A had "to be" instead of "be", it would also be correctly parallel... excellent question!!!

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19 Jul 2006, 10:57
freetheking wrote:
superior/ity to is correct idiom here.

Superior to is idiomatic.

I don't think "superiority to" is the correct idiom though. Superiority Over should be the correct idiom.

Dahiya Sir..can you confirm?

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19 Jul 2006, 11:04
u2lover I completely share the same feeling.. it can be pretty awful. I have been stuck hours together working on a concept.. there's no real cookbook out there that one can skim thru and understand it all at one go.. you gotta go bit by bit and break the hell out of it....

GMAT is really THE test of one's mettle.

Now what is the OA here guys?

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19 Jul 2006, 11:59
OA is C
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19 Jul 2006, 12:28
dwivedys wrote:
freetheking wrote:
superior/ity to is correct idiom here.

Superior to is idiomatic.

I don't think "superiority to" is the correct idiom though. Superiority Over should be the correct idiom.

Dahiya Sir..can you confirm?

superiority is a noun and I have never encountered an idiom of superiority. But here is what I have read
superiority takes "over" in construction: superiority of X over Y

Here all the choices are worst, but C is best out of these.

A, B and E are wrong because of wrong tense.
D is wrong because we need "and" in the second part otherwise then it will be like a list of three items and it will not make any sense.

My dear friend, I am not an SC guru, not even close. I made a lot of mistakes. The best of the best is vivek123. There are many others also but I was not lucky enough to work with them.
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19 Jul 2006, 14:23
assuming the need for parallel construction didn't point to the obvious answer, how does one decide to use "had been" versus "had?"

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19 Jul 2006, 22:39
Will go with C.

Its parallel. Since "was" has already been introduced earlier there is no need for "had".

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20 Jul 2006, 02:39
jaynayak wrote:
Will go with C.

Its parallel. Since "was" has already been introduced earlier there is no need for "had".

C it is........

Had been in the second part tries to suggest that the event happened before the first one... but what we are trying to establish here is that both events happened around the same time.....

B uses the wrong past perfect tense here.... Also AND is very much required or else it creates fragments.

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20 Jul 2006, 02:39
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