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# One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal

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30 Aug 2003, 09:50
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One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing first off one wall, then the other; the car may get where it is going, but people may be hurt in the process.

(A) made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(B) made a comparison between the Federal Reserve and an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(C) compared the Federal Reserve with an auto-mobile as racing through a tunnel and which bounced
(D) compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(E) compared the Federal Reserve with an auto-mobile that races through a tunnel and it bounces
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Abhishek009 on 17 Sep 2016, 11:21, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 15:20
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D \m/

You use "compare to" when the things you are comparing are different. Ex: He compared his brother to a bull.
(His brother is a person, and the bull is an animal).

You use "compare with" when the things you compare are similar or are in the same category. Ex: The detective compared the footprints with the suspect's footprints.

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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2011, 08:04
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In my opinion, this topic is a defining example of GMAT ignoring the unnecessary idiomatic nuance between ‘compared to’ and ‘compared with-. It can be seen that factors other than the right or wrong use of the above idiom, decide the right answer here.

In A and B ‘made a comparison’ is circumlocutory, In C ‘as racing and which bounced’ is improper with improper llism, a pronoun ambiguity and a shift of tense. E is wrong because of the redundant ‘it’. In a distant possibility, E also distorts the meaning that the Federal Reserve is trying to take an automobile and entering a race.

D is then the best; but to clear the doubt regarding the participial ‘bouncing’, it is precisely to avoid the word’s modification to tunnel, that the participle is set off by commas. Otherwise the bouncing will inescapably refer to the tunnel, which is illogical. In other words, the use of a participle is handy in situations, in which you are not able to address the noun that is just lying before it logically. So there is no change of meaning as such.

The final question is – do we have to still bother about ‘compared to and compared with’
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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03 May 2008, 04:39
One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing first off one wall, then the other: the car may get where it is going, but people may be hurt in the process.

(A) made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(B) made a comparison between the Federal Reserve and an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(C) compared the federal Reserve with an automobile as racing through a tunnel and which bounced
(D) compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(E) compared the Federal Reserve with an automobile that races through a tunnel and it bounces
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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03 May 2008, 19:08
Straight D - concise and uses "compared to" properly.
prasannar wrote:
One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing first off one wall, then the other: the car may get where it is going, but people may be hurt in the process.

(A) made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(B) made a comparison between the Federal Reserve and an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(C) compared the federal Reserve with an automobile as racing through a tunnel and which bounced
(D) compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(E) compared the Federal Reserve with an automobile that races through a tunnel and it bounces
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2009, 09:39
555. One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing first off one wall, then the other; the car may get where it is going, but people may be hurt in the process.
(A) made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(B) made a comparison between the Federal Reserve and an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(C) compared the Federal Reserve with an automobile as racing through a tunnel and which bounced
(D) compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(E) compared the Federal Reserve with an automobile that races through a tunnel and it bounces

MGMAT SC book's idioms list says that compare to(similarities), compare with(dissimilar ones)

but in the question we are comparing federal reserve and an automobile race ...both are dissimilar nouns/phrases .. so which Idiom should I use? 'compare to' or 'compare with' ??

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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2009, 10:35
Your Q is Very much valid
But Manhattan SC says
"GMAT ignores the traditional difference between COMPARED TO(emphasizing similarities) and COMPARED WITH(emphasizing differences)"

but let me apply PoE here
Whats wrong with B? its uses correct Idiom BETWEEN X and Y

is it becoz verb is wordy?
"made a comparison" is wordy compared to "compared"

ugimba wrote:
555. One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing first off one wall, then the other; the car may get where it is going, but people may be hurt in the process.
(A) made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(B) made a comparison between the Federal Reserve and an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(C) compared the Federal Reserve with an automobile as racing through a tunnel and which bounced
(D) compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(E) compared the Federal Reserve with an automobile that races through a tunnel and it bounces

MGMAT SC book's idioms list says that compare to(similarities), compare with(dissimilar ones)

but in the question we are comparing federal reserve and an automobile race ...both are dissimilar nouns/phrases .. so which Idiom should I use? 'compare to' or 'compare with' ??

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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2009, 12:09
I think D is the correct answer - right usage of, "compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile".
But at the same time B sounds correct - though its too wordy.

"as" is not required and "it" is not correct - thats why A, C and E are wrong.
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2010, 17:57
tough one...D is the answer as suggested above
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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03 May 2010, 05:16
ugimba wrote:
MGMAT SC book's idioms list says that compare to(similarities), compare with(dissimilar ones)

but in the question we are comparing federal reserve and an automobile race ...both are dissimilar nouns/phrases .. so which Idiom should I use? 'compare to' or 'compare with' ??

I think MGMAT SC guide doesn't mean that the two comparable nouns/phrases should be similar. Because in this case it is clear that the fed and an automobile are quite dissimilar. But if you compare "X is similar to Y in this sense", then use compare to. If you want to compare X is different from Y, then use compare with.
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2010, 19:27
what about bouncing in D. This bouncing after comma is changing meaning. Isn't it?
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 06:11
IMO D

(D) compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile racing through a tunnel, bouncing

Federal Reserve is beng equated to automobile.
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2010, 22:56
metallicafan wrote:
D \m/

You use "compare to" when the things you are comparing are different. Ex: He compared his brother to a bull.
(His brother is a person, and the bull is an animal).

You use "compare with" when the things you compare are similar or are in the same category. Ex: The detective compared the footprints with the suspect's footprints.

I agree that it has to be compared to, but option D can be correct only of there is a comma before racing. There is no verb in the main clause which bouncing is modifying.

Without comma bouncing seems to be modifying economist. I wonder how the economist bounces!!
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2010, 08:26
SudiptoGmat wrote:
what about bouncing in D. This bouncing after comma is changing meaning. Isn't it?

I also was confused by D, since it is seems that ".....a tunnel, bouncing first off one wall, then the other". well it must be car and not tunnel, isn't it?
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2011, 10:22
there is simple difference compare to v/s compare with
D--- wins unlike thing .we use compare to
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2011, 10:46
went with E but thanks for the explanation of the idiom
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2011, 17:04
D for me.
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 12:39
D is the least verbose and handles the sentence well...
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 16:41
Chose E but thanks for the explanation.
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 20:18
D

Compare to is the right choice.

To get more details on the use of compare to and compare with, please see the below link.
http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.com/2006/09/compare-to-vs-compare-with.html
Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal   [#permalink] 12 Jul 2011, 20:18

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