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# One of Ronald Reagans first acts as President was to rescind

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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2009, 17:40
Experts please comment between A and C.
Directive is an order>>Subjunctive..How is C correct?It's such a twisted sentence!!
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2009, 19:17
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A - Subjunctive is used here. Incorrect.
B - Seems that "banned" describes countries. Also, "was" is ambigous or simply wrong. Also, see A above.
C - Correct.
D - The second word, "that," is excessive.
E - "Is . . . being" sounds terrible. Also, see A above.

I agree with Bigoyal; subjunctive mood is used for options A, B, and E. We can use -ing words to directly describe nouns:

The man standing on the porch.
The car passing the store.
The star ship floating in outer space.

This question was quite nasty!
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2010, 16:03
But shouldn't prohibit be followed by "from" ? ...as an idiomatic expression.
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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03 May 2010, 04:06
tiagoli wrote:
But shouldn't prohibit be followed by "from" ? ...as an idiomatic expression.

That's exactly what I was thinking. I actually chose E just because I thought that the correct idiom is "prohibit X from Y". But after reading all the comments, I have more doubts than before.
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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18 May 2010, 08:23
whatthehell wrote:
Can someone explain why D is being neglected here?
(D) prohibiting that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States is sold to other countries

"prohibiting that any..." is a modifier that modifies noun (directive) and is directly touching it, as noun modifiers are suppose to.

In (A), "Sale" is a noun and "from sale...", we are using it as verb which IMO is awkard.

A tough one! The OA is C.

D is wrong probably because "prohibited that" is not idiomatic. It should be "prohibited X from verb-ing ..."
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2010, 00:51
Here is another reason why A is incorrect (taken from http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/one ... t2126.html)

* you don't use "X is prohibited from ..." unless X is a person.
the chemical is prohibited from being sold --> wrong
chemical companies are prohibited from selling the chemical --> correct
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2010, 11:53
should be C. The below descriptino might help everyone:

Quote:
i like choice c better for two reasons.

- 'directive that ... be prohibited' is more awkward than 'directive prohibiting ...', and may in fact be considered incorrect. (from what i've seen, the use of 'directive' is similar to that of 'law', and you can't say things like 'prohibition was a law that the sale of alcohol be prohibited'.)
- 'prohibited from sale': i'm pretty sure that's wrong. the correct use of the idiom in this case would be 'chemical companies were prohibited from selling chemicals...'
you could also say that the sale of such chemicals is prohibited.

there's no ambiguity. this issue is settled nicely and neatly by the presence/absence of a comma. if the comma is not there, the participial modifier must modify whatever noun directly precedes it. if the comma is there, then the participial modifier is taken to modify the preceding clause as a whole (or particularly the verb of that clause).
to wit:
tom received the court order [NO COMMA] restricting his movements outside the city --> the court order itself restricts tom's movements. we can infer that tom's movements are already restricted by the court order, regardless of whether he has received it.
tom received the court order, restricting his movements outside the city --> tom's movements were not restricted until he received the order.

by the way, the second of these sentences isn't that great: tom is the subject of that sentence, so the modifier implies that tom restricted his own movements by receiving the order. to convey the meaning more precisely, you'd say something like tom received the court order, thus activating or bringing into effect restrictions on...'
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2010, 01:12
C does seem awkward but it is better than A...

I feel directive prohibiting is better than directive that....
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2011, 09:26
A seems good to me.But not get why C is better
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2011, 07:05
Between A & C i went with A. progressive form doesnot sound good here.
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Re: One of Ronald Reagan’s [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2011, 15:59
wats wrong with E guyz. i think it makes more sense
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Re: One of Ronald Reagans first acts as President was to rescind [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 14:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: One of Ronald Reagans first acts as President was to rescind [#permalink]

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02 May 2015, 04:25
cluelesss wrote:
Between A & C i went with A. progressive form doesnot sound good here.

Two points to consider:
1) If 'that' and 'which' are placed after a comma, they modify the noun just before comma and if they appear without comma, they seem to modify the complete clause.
In A, 'that' is modifying the clause 'first act as president was to rescind the directive'. This implies that the President's first step will be that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the US be prohibited.....
A would have been correct if a comma would have been placed before that. In that case 'directive' would have been modifies in place of the complete claues.

2) -ing form after a subject placed without comma modified the noun just before it.

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Re: One of Ronald Reagans first acts as President was to rescind [#permalink]

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06 May 2016, 00:03
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: One of Ronald Reagans first acts as President was to rescind [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2017, 21:16
Even I marked A at first then after seeing the OA realized my mistake. Correct me if I am wrong:

(A) that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States be prohibited from sale to other countries - The use of subjunctive is ok but the highlighted text is wrong grammar
(B) that any chemical be prohibited from sale to other countries that was banned on medical grounds in the United States - Same as A and also its wordy
(C) prohibiting the sale to other countries of any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States - Prohibiting the sale sounds right
(D) prohibiting that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States is soldto other countries - The highlighted text is wrong grammar
(E) that any chemical banned in the United States on medical grounds is prohibited from being sold to other countries - This seems correct but it is a wrong usage of subjunctive form.
Re: One of Ronald Reagans first acts as President was to rescind   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2017, 21:16

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