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# One of the many theories about alcoholism is the learning

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Joined: 10 Jun 2012
Posts: 1

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27 Aug 2012, 01:40
krishnasty wrote:
Hey Guys,

Well, i got 6 correct in this passage. The ones which i got wrong are question 2,3, and 9.
MY ans:
2 - D (i kind of screwed up in here :D)
3 - D ( i think the ans is correct)
9 - D (i think the ans is correct here too)
....below are my explaination:

Question 3:
3. It can be inferred from the passage that aversion conditioning is based primarily on the principle that
(A) electric shock stimulates a response - irrelevant
(B) behavior that is punished will be avoided - now where in the passage is it written ? unless someone knows bout this aversion technique, how can you make out that it's based on this principle? coz in the passage, it's clearly mentioned that rats were trained to avoid electric shock.
(C) pain is a stronger stimulus than pleasure - irrelevant
(D) alcohol reduces fear - like i mentioned in the above option , i think this is correct
(E) behavior that is rewarded will be repeated - clearly wrong.

Question 9:
9. It can be inferred from the passage that the author views the learning and reinforcement theory of alcoholism as
(A) credible
(B) unassailable
(C) outdated
(D) fallacious
(E) revolutionary

Quoting the 2nd paragragh:
"The obvious troubles experienced by alcoholic persons appear to contradict the learning theory in the explanation of alcoholism"

now how can the learning theory be credible? kindly explain..

I agree with you on 3 and 9.
Its baffling how it can be credible.
Can someone explain how?
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Joined: 04 Sep 2012
Posts: 131
Re: One of the many theories about alcoholism is the learning  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2013, 12:52
Did it in 16 mins which I think is reasonable for 9 questions.

Got first three wrong.

1E
2D
3C
4E
5C
6E
7B
8C
9A

I still feel for 2nd and 3rd OAs are not correct may be an explanation can clear the doubts.

A lengthy but medium Passage.
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Re: One of the many theories about alcoholism is the learning  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2015, 06:00
daagh,

could you please provide your comments for question 3 and 9. according to author this theory is not credible how answer can be A in question 9 . and according to me answer should be D in question 3.

Thanks.
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Re: One of the many theories about alcoholism is the learning  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2016, 04:40
PathFinder007 wrote:
daagh,

could you please provide your comments for question 3 and 9. according to author this theory is not credible how answer can be A in question 9 . and according to me answer should be D in question 3.

Thanks.

Hi,

For 3 :

It can be inferred from the passage that aversion conditioning is based primarily on the principle that
(A) electric shock stimulates a response
(B) behavior that is punished will be avoided
(C) pain is a stronger stimulus than pleasure
(D) alcohol reduces fear
(E) behavior that is rewarded will be repeated

Here we are talking about the principle, not the outcome. The principles is that rats should avoid electric shocks. The outcome is that alcohol reduces that fear. Principle is B.

As for 9 :

The obvious troubles experienced by alcoholic persons appear to contradict the learning theory in the explanation of alcoholism. The discomfort, pain, and punishment they experience should presumably serve as a deterrent to drinking. The fact that alcoholic persons continue to drink in the face of family discord, loss of employment, illness, and other sequels of repeated bouts is explained by the proximity of the drive reduction to the consumption of alcohol; that is, alcohol has the immediate effect of reducing tension while the unpleasant consequences of drunken behavior come only later. The learning paradigm, therefore, favors the establishment and repetition of the resort to alcohol.

The author goes to great troubles to explain why the opposition to the theory is not valid. He therefore is in support of the theory. Credible is the only positive tone given in the options.
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Re: One of the many theories about alcoholism is the learning  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2016, 12:48
3 , 4 & 8 wrong .. Such a long passage
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Re: One of the many theories about alcoholism is the learning  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2019, 10:00
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Re: One of the many theories about alcoholism is the learning   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2019, 10:00

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