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# One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults

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Director
Joined: 22 Feb 2018
Posts: 603
One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2020, 20:13
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:33) correct 37% (01:34) wrong based on 186 sessions

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One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults alike, Gulliver’s Travels, was published anonymously in 1725 and mocks the shortcomings of all mankind, a masterpiece by Jonathan Swift, an Irish author who in his early writings ridiculed shallow thinkers and supported the merits of ancient classics.

A) was published anonymously in 1725 and mocks the shortcomings of all mankind,
B) publishing anonymously in 1725, mocking the shortcomings of all mankind, and being
C) published anonymously in 1725, mocks the shortcomings of all mankind and is
D) publishing anonymously in 1725, mocks the shortcomings of all mankind, is
E) published anonymously in 1725 to mock the shortcomings of all mankind and is
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Joined: 28 Apr 2019
Posts: 44
Re: One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2020, 01:03
1
Option A - a masterpiece describes mankind - wrong meaning
Option B & D - starts with publishing indicating that Gulliver's travels is publishing - Wrong meaning
Option C & E - starts with "published" thereby describing the book further. However option E states "to mock" which distorts the intended meaning of the sentence.
The book was "mocks" ...but "not intended to mock"

IMO C

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Joined: 22 Feb 2020
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Re: One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2020, 03:05
1
C.
A sentence fragmented by lots of modifiers.
Comparing the first words, the split is published vs publishing. Since the event happened in 1725, eliminate publishing. B and D can be eliminated.
In A, all mankind is modified by the next phrase, a masterpiece by JS. However a masterpiece should refer to GT not to all mankind.
In E, published to mock changes the meaning by suggesting that it was published with the explicit intention to mock. Also, in E there is one comma after GT and the next comma appears only after mankind, thereby making this entire chunk from published .... to mankind one big modifier. If we remove that big modifier, E reads GT... an Irish author. This does not make sense.

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Re: One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults  [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2020, 05:20
2
Raxit85 wrote:
One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults alike, Gulliver’s Travels, was published anonymously in 1725 and mocks the shortcomings of all mankind, a masterpiece by Jonathan Swift, an Irish author who in his early writings ridiculed shallow thinkers and supported the merits of ancient classics.

A) was published anonymously in 1725 and mocks the shortcomings of all mankind,
B) publishing anonymously in 1725, mocking the shortcomings of all mankind, and being
C) published anonymously in 1725, mocks the shortcomings of all mankind and is
D) publishing anonymously in 1725, mocks the shortcomings of all mankind, is
E) published anonymously in 1725 to mock the shortcomings of all mankind and is

1. "the shortcomings of all mankind" is not a masterpiece by Jonathan Swift. The modifier "a masterpiece by Jonathan Swift" should either modify Gulliver's Travels or be linked to it by a linking verb. Hence A is incorrect.

2. The first thing I observed here was the comma that was just before the underline started. Hence, if the modifier after the comma is intended to modify Gulliver's Travels, then the verb publish should be strictly a past-participle (Recall that present participle modifies the preceding noun only when there is no comma). This eliminates B and D.

3. Between C and E, the difference is that of a meaning issue. While the book may have been written to mock the shortcomings of all mankind, I cannot claim that from the statement. Hence, E is incorrect.

4. Now if I replace the underlined part with C, I get the following:
One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults alike, Gulliver’s Travels, published anonymously in 1725, mocks the shortcomings of all mankind and is a masterpiece by Jonathan Swift, an Irish author who in his early writings ridiculed shallow thinkers and supported the merits of ancient classics.
Here the modifiers are all placed correctly and the core sentence is a complete thought: Gulliver’s Travels mocks the shortcomings of all mankind and is a masterpiece by Jonathan Swift. "mocks" and "is" are both verbs and hence the parallel structure is also taken care of. So I think C is the perfect option.
Re: One of the world’s most popular books for children and adults   [#permalink] 29 Feb 2020, 05:20
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