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One question a day Q#24 SC 27032014

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One question a day Q#24 SC 27032014 [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2014, 22:00
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67% (03:19) correct 33% (01:34) wrong based on 240 sessions

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Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells, scientists are now well set to exploit stem cell theories into practical cures for a variety of dreaded ailments of man such as cancer, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries and multiple sclerosis.

(A). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells

(B). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice so that the regeneration of repaired cells may be triggered

(C). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to regenerate repaired cells,

(D). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice, which triggers regeneration of repaired cells

(E). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice that trigger regeneration of repaired cells

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: One question a day Q#24 SC 27032014 [#permalink]

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15 May 2014, 09:01
daagh wrote:
Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells, scientists are now well set to exploit stem cell theories into practical cures for a variety of dreaded ailments of man such as cancer, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries and multiple sclerosis.

(A). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells

(B). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice so that the regeneration of repaired cells may be triggered

(C). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to regenerate repaired cells,

(D). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice, which triggers regeneration of repaired cells

(E). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice that trigger regeneration of repaired cells

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:C

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Re: One question a day Q#24 SC 27032014 [#permalink]

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15 May 2014, 10:42
Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells, scientists are now well set to exploit stem cell theories into practical cures for a variety of dreaded ailments of man such as cancer, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries and multiple sclerosis.

(A). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells. [b]Based on is not the right idiom to refer/modify to the "scientists"[/b]

(B). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice so that the regeneration of repaired cells may be triggered. Same reason as in A

(C). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to regenerate repaired cells, CORRECT ANSWER. Concise and properly modifies "Scientists".

(D). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice, which triggers regeneration of repaired cells. first part of the modifier is correct, but "which triggers regeneration of repaired cells" refers to mice, the nearest noun. which changes the meaning.

(E). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice that trigger regeneration of repaired cells. Same reason as D, just that 'which' is replaced with 'that'.
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Re: One question a day Q#24 SC 27032014 [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2016, 04:39
daagh wrote:
Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells, scientists are now well set to exploit stem cell theories into practical cures for a variety of dreaded ailments of man such as cancer, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries and multiple sclerosis.

(A). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to trigger regeneration of repaired cells

(B). Based on induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice so that the regeneration of repaired cells may be triggered

(C). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice to regenerate repaired cells,

(D). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice, which triggers regeneration of repaired cells

(E). Using induced stem cell techniques akin to those used for research purposes in mice that trigger regeneration of repaired cells

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:C

Hearing the noise, the boy woke up.
Driven by hunger, he stole a piece of bread.
'Hearing the noise' is participle phrase or adjective phrase. The word 'hearing' is derived from the verb 'hear'. It also acts as an adjective. It qualifies the noun 'the boy'. Verb-ing indicates the action is going on or incomplete. Therefore, it is called present participle.
In the second sentence, 'driven by hunger' is also a participle phrase. Driven is past participle, which indicates a completed action. Driven qualifies the noun 'he'.
This is how we use participle phrase.
In the given example, 'Based on induced stem cell techniques' means a participle phrase and 'based' indicates completed action.
'Based on' is also a phrasal verb.
The phrasal verb structure is 'base something on'
Base as a verb can be used as in the following example:
I'm going base myself in Paris and make trips from there.
Therefore, 'scientists are based on induced stem cell techniques' sounds a bit awkward. 'Based' is wrong because the action is not completed. You need present participle.
But when you say 'scientists are using inducted stem cell techniques' to something sounds fine.
Or, you can say 'basing the theory of induced stem cell techniques'
Or, you can say 'on the basis of induced stem cell techniques'
Option D and E are obviously incorrect because mice does not trigger regeneration of repaired cells.
Re: One question a day Q#24 SC 27032014   [#permalink] 15 Mar 2016, 04:39
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