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One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria

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One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 10:35
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Source: Nova GMAT

One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down triangle. Students, teachers and the faculty/parent committee make up the body of the triangle, but the triangle has no point, that is, it has no school principal. Schools are run by the faculty/parent committee, which makes all significant decisions concerning academic standards, curriculum, discipline, extra-curricular activities, etc. As a result, under this theory, innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs cannot be implemented.

The argument depends upon which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs are usually implemented by individual private schools, not by public school systems.
(B) Only principals will try new methods and programs.
(C) A person acting by himself is more likely to direct that new methods be tried than if he is acting as part of a committee.
(D) All school principals achieved their positions by taking academic risks.
(E) All innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs encompass some risk.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 11:01
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Conclusion: As a result, under this theory, innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs cannot be implemented.

The assumption which holds this conclusion is, Choice B. The reason is that if, we negate that statement. If people other than principals try new methods and programs, innovative teaching methods & progressive academic programs can be implemented by the faculty/parent committee

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 15:19
@sayantanc2k,

If we negate Option B ,how does it weaken the conclusion?

The assumption here is Faculty/parent committee will not try new methods and hence progressive academic programs will not be implemented.

We have no information in the passage that only principals will implement the methods and programs.

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 06:29
B here seems more like a sufficient than a necessary assumption.. C seems right..

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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Can an expert chime in on this one? I thought C was the right answer, and don't quite understand the logic behind B.

The paragraph seems to be discussing the difference between governing by committee vs. governing by a single individual, which is why they use the reverse triangle analogy. The principal is brought up more as an example of a "point" in the triangle analogy as opposed to defining the point in the triangle to be ONLY a principal. For example, if there was a sole teacher in charge, or a parent who was in charge, it seems like that individual would qualify as well as the "point" in the triangle structure.

B says that ONLY principals will try new methods and programs.

C says that people acting individually are more likely to be innovative vs. acting within a group / committee.

If I take the negation approach, B would say that principals are not the only people that will try new methods and programs. It seems like an ok answer, but C would say that people acting individually are less likely to be innovative vs. acting within a group / committee. If C was negated, I feel like that would invalidate the author's argument more than if B was negated. Furthermore, if I also apply the soft rule of avoiding "extreme" statements, that also puts C above B.

Thoughts?

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One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2017, 01:24
Can you please post the original explanation from the book as well ? Posting original answer alone is not sufficient since the answer choices are too close.

Without explanation the answer choice C appears to be the best one.

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2017, 01:44
I found the original explanation from NOVA GMAT.

Quote:
The link that allows the conclusion to be drawn in this problem is the assumption that only principals will try new methods and programs. Under this theory of governance by committee, new methods and programs cannot be implemented. Thus, the theory assumes that only individuals will try new ideas. Selection (B) is the correct answer.

Selection (C) is a close second. It is supported by the argument, but it understates the breadth of the implied premise. The question states that in this
theory of school governance, new methods and programs cannot be implemented, not that they are less likely to be implemented.

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 15:05
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: Nova GMAT

One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down triangle. Students, teachers and the faculty/parent committee make up the body of the triangle, but the triangle has no point, that is, it has no school principal. Schools are run by the faculty/parent committee, which makes all significant decisions concerning academic standards, curriculum, discipline, extra-curricular activities, etc. As a result, under this theory, innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs cannot be implemented.

The argument depends upon which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs are usually implemented by individual private schools, not by public school systems.
(B) Only principals will try new methods and programs.
(C) A person acting by himself is more likely to direct that new methods be tried than if he is acting as part of a committee.
(D) All school principals achieved their positions by taking academic risks.
(E) All innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs encompass some risk.


Hi

"C" seems more plausible than "B". "C" is the reason that explains why Principals will try new methods and programs. Hence "C" is more general and stable assumption.

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One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: Nova GMAT

One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down triangle. Students, teachers and the faculty/parent committee make up the body of the triangle, but the triangle has no point, that is, it has no school principal. Schools are run by the faculty/parent committee, which makes all significant decisions concerning academic standards, curriculum, discipline, extra-curricular activities, etc. As a result, under this theory, innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs cannot be implemented.

The argument depends upon which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs are usually implemented by individual private schools, not by public school systems.
(B) Only principals will try new methods and programs.
(C) A person acting by himself is more likely to direct that new methods be tried than if he is acting as part of a committee.
(D) All school principals achieved their positions by taking academic risks.
(E) All innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs encompass some risk.


IMO between B and C , C should be the right answer. B is way too strong. It might be possible for one parent leading the group to do things differently. The person need not be a principal. Would love to hear your thoughts on this!

Last edited by Mad4BA on 01 Oct 2017, 23:22, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 10:08
Clear B.

As stated in the argument, innovative teaching methods and progressive academic programs cannot be implemented under the theory where Schools are run by "the faculty/parent committee" and NO Principal .

-> NO Principal = NO innovative teaching methods and progressive academic
-> MAIN POINT ->Only the Principal tries and implements new techniques and methods.

-> Correct me if I am wrong. Peace !

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Re: One theory of school governance can be pictured as an upside-down tria   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2017, 10:08
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