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# One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage

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16 Apr 2005, 00:07
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Question Stats:

72% (02:17) correct 28% (01:50) wrong based on 394 sessions

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One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

Q.Which of the following, if true , most strengthens the argument above?

A. Both partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
B. The partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bounding agents.
C. Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
D. The manufacturing process for the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic waste than the manufacturing process for nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers.
E. Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Zarrolou on 15 May 2013, 06:41, edited 1 time in total.
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16 Apr 2005, 02:04
A. Both partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
###This is not important

B. The partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bounding agents.
###Review the conclusion:no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded <- This could be the one.

C. Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
###Out of scope. Not interested in what consumers want to buy.

D. The manufacturing process for the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic waste than the manufacturing process for nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers.
###This weakens the conclusion. Less plastic means less refuse.

E. Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.
###This concerns both types of containers, so doesn't help

Last edited by thearch on 16 Apr 2005, 02:17, edited 1 time in total.
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16 Apr 2005, 02:13
B is my choice.

B most strongly supports the conclusion because if more plastic is used in manufacturing partially biodegradable beverage containers than in manufacturing nonbiodegradable ones, it is logical that more plastic waste will be produced for biodegradable ones, which supercedes the 'no less' used in the stem.
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16 Apr 2005, 22:22
Thanks everyone!! Yes, the OA is (B)!!
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15 May 2013, 06:38
Can someone explain option B and D
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16 May 2013, 04:37
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Taku wrote:
One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

Q.Which of the following, if true , most strengthens the argument above?

A. Both partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
B. The partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bounding agents.
C. Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
D. The manufacturing process for the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic waste than the manufacturing process for nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers.
E. Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.

From the first statement, if seems that partially biodegradable plastic container leaves less plastic refuse than the comparable nonbiodegradable container. However, the assertion in the last sentence of the argument is opposite to the apparent implication of first sentence. This could be possible if, for some reason, partially biodegradable plastic containers are made with more plastic than the comparable nonbiodegradable containers.

A) Out of scope. This statement does not provide any information on how the plastic refuse from partially biodegradable plastic container can be equal or more than that from comparable nonbiodegradable container.

B) Correct. This statement conveys that partially biodegradable plastic containers contain more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones.

C) Out of scope. Consumers' preference has no significance on the comparison between comparable partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable container's plastic refuses. First of, preference does not mean it is happening in reality. Secondly, even if it is happening in reality, consumers' preference may affect the total number of partially biodegradable plastic containers whereas our concern is to compare the plastic refuse of one unit of partially biodegradable container with the plastic refuse of one unit of comparable nonbiodegradable container.

D) Out of scope. First of all, the argument is focused on disposal of plastic containers and not manufacturing of plastic containers. Secondly, we are concerned about plastic refuse after disposal of the bottles and not the plastic wastes during manufacturing.

E) Out of scope. This statement does not provide any information on how the plastic refuse from partially biodegradable plastic container can be equal or more than that from comparable nonbiodegradable container. This statement is concerned about discontinuation of recycling and that is equally applicable to biodegradable and nonbiodegradable containers.

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16 May 2013, 04:38
fozzzy wrote:
Can someone explain option B and D

I hope you will get the answer from the post above this one.
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04 Jul 2013, 02:33
Can some one please explain why E is not correct here?
We have to support the conclusion that partially bio-degradable plastics create no less waste than non biodegradable plastics when discarded. Option E does give a reason to this conclusion.
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29 Jun 2016, 04:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage   [#permalink] 29 Jun 2016, 04:31
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