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One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2012, 09:17
E-gmat , Please help me understand the following.


What's wrong with C?
What rule is C breaking?

doesn't ' a lowering of interest rates, along with fears' mean lowering of interest rates and lowering of fears..
eg: Sachin, along with Som went to the movie.... implies Sachin and som went to the movie..

So C also maintains parallelism!

Please help
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2013, 08:12
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2013, 17:43
2
ankur1901 wrote:
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device


Hi Ankur,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :)

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

First of all, just a correction in understanding here. These three entities are not clauses. they are phrases. Clauses must have Subjects and Verbs. None of these entities have a Subject or a Verb. So they are all phrases.

Now, if you carefully notice, the last two entities in the parallel list lie in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. That means they are correct. here itself we see that entity two - a proper noun entity - is parallel to entity three - a verb-ing of noun entity. So this is accepted in GMAT. Why? The answer to that is verb-ing noun form of a word acts as a noun only (gerund, if you are more familiar with this term), and hence a two noun entities are grammatically parallel.

Now, here one thing we must pay attention to that is the verb-ing word must be a noun form of a word in order to be grammatically parallel to another noun entity. In case, the verb-ing word is a modifier then it CANNOT be grammatically parallel to a noun entity. This is the case with the original official sentence.

This error has been rectified in choice B.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2014, 02:35
Why is option C wrong?
c: a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation
thanks in advance

egmat wrote:
ankur1901 wrote:
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device


Hi Ankur,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :)

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

First of all, just a correction in understanding here. These three entities are not clauses. they are phrases. Clauses must have Subjects and Verbs. None of these entities have a Subject or a Verb. So they are all phrases.

Now, if you carefully notice, the last two entities in the parallel list lie in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. That means they are correct. here itself we see that entity two - a proper noun entity - is parallel to entity three - a verb-ing of noun entity. So this is accepted in GMAT. Why? The answer to that is verb-ing noun form of a word acts as a noun only (gerund, if you are more familiar with this term), and hence a two noun entities are grammatically parallel.

Now, here one thing we must pay attention to that is the verb-ing word must be a noun form of a word in order to be grammatically parallel to another noun entity. In case, the verb-ing word is a modifier then it CANNOT be grammatically parallel to a noun entity. This is the case with the original official sentence.

This error has been rectified in choice B.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2014, 07:40
C is wrong because "a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation" is not parallel. While in B: a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation are parallel.


divineacclivity wrote:
Why is option C wrong?
c: a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation
thanks in advance

egmat wrote:
ankur1901 wrote:
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device


Hi Ankur,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :)

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

First of all, just a correction in understanding here. These three entities are not clauses. they are phrases. Clauses must have Subjects and Verbs. None of these entities have a Subject or a Verb. So they are all phrases.

Now, if you carefully notice, the last two entities in the parallel list lie in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. That means they are correct. here itself we see that entity two - a proper noun entity - is parallel to entity three - a verb-ing of noun entity. So this is accepted in GMAT. Why? The answer to that is verb-ing noun form of a word acts as a noun only (gerund, if you are more familiar with this term), and hence a two noun entities are grammatically parallel.

Now, here one thing we must pay attention to that is the verb-ing word must be a noun form of a word in order to be grammatically parallel to another noun entity. In case, the verb-ing word is a modifier then it CANNOT be grammatically parallel to a noun entity. This is the case with the original official sentence.

This error has been rectified in choice B.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2014, 20:07
Why is A wrong in this case? after reading all the explanations, still my mind is not letting go A as an option. Somebody please explain.
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 00:10
1
rishi081992 wrote:
Why is A wrong in this case? after reading all the explanations, still my mind is not letting go A as an option. Somebody please explain.


Refer MGMAT SC, Chapter 11, simple gerund cant be parallel with action noun or complex gerund noun.

Lowering = simple gerund.
A rally = noun
a weakening = complex gerund.

Further if you look at the structure of this sentence we need something which can fit in format like "a noun/gerund of/in ..." only B gives best parallelism.

One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation a rally in stocks and bonds, and a weakening of the dollar.

(A) lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation,
(B) a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation,
(C) a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation,
(D) interest rates being lowered, along with fears about inflation,
(E) interest rates and fears about inflation being lowered, with
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2016, 21:55
One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation a rally in stocks and bonds, and a weakening of the dollar.

(A) lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation,
(B) a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation,
(C) a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation,
(D) interest rates being lowered, along with fears about inflation,
(E) interest rates and fears about inflation being lowered, with

There is a change of meaning in C.

Original intention is to convey :
a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to lowering interest rates.
a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to lowering fears about inflation .

But C changes it to:

a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to "fears about inflation" / not lowering of fears about inflation.
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New post 01 Oct 2016, 05:54
BANON wrote:
One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation a rally in stocks and bonds, and a weakening of the dollar.

(A) lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation,
(B) a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation,
(C) a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation,
(D) interest rates being lowered, along with fears about inflation,
(E) interest rates and fears about inflation being lowered, with


Seems the confusion is why C is wrong.

C has ambiguity in meaning at best, it can mean two things:
a lowering of interest rates + fears about inflation
a lowering of interest rate + a lowering of fear about inflation (assuming we can use ellipses in the construction "along with", not sure if we can repeat a lowering when the conjunction is "along with", but even if we can it will result in ambiguity in meaning)

Whereas, in B, due to "of" a lowering is repeated and is clearly understood without ambiguity.
a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
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New post 18 Nov 2016, 22:18
i am just thinking that theoretically, a lowering rates will probably lead to inflation, right? little bit confused. Do we need to consider this problem?
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New post 19 Nov 2016, 15:33
1
bjh wrote:
i am just thinking that theoretically, a lowering rates will probably lead to inflation, right? little bit confused. Do we need to consider this problem?


Not sure whether I understood your query correctly - the parallelism structure is as follows:

Drop in oil prices will lead to:
1. Lowering
1a. lowering of interest rates
1b. lowering of fears
2. Rally
3. Weakening
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2016, 03:32
sayantanc2k wrote:
bjh wrote:
i am just thinking that theoretically, a lowering rates will probably lead to inflation, right? little bit confused. Do we need to consider this problem?


Not sure whether I understood your query correctly - the parallelism structure is as follows:

Drop in oil prices will lead to:
1. Lowering
1a. lowering of interest rates
1b. lowering of fears
2. Rally
3. Weakening


thanks! It's pretty clear now! :P
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