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# ONLY and Like

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Intern
Joined: 22 Sep 2012
Posts: 19
GMAT Date: 09-12-2013

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30 Aug 2013, 14:37
1
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

71% (01:03) correct 29% (01:05) wrong based on 182 sessions

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Unlike the team of lawyers working for the petitioner, whose argument rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress, the government's argument centered on what many legal experts consider a main-stream interpretation of the Bill of Rights.
A) the team of lawyers working for the petitioner, whose argument rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
B) the argument from the petitioner, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
C) the petitioner's argument, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
D) the petitioner's argument, whose case rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that recently only passed Congress
E) the petitioner's argument, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that recently only passed Congress

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Intern
Joined: 22 Sep 2012
Posts: 19
GMAT Date: 09-12-2013

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30 Aug 2013, 14:43
Within seconds I narrowed down to C and E.
but I took over two and half minutes debating with myself over the use of ONLY.

I chose the wrong answer E because i thought to show contrast(Sentence starts with Unlike) between 'many legal experts' and Congress, ONLY should modify congress.
* this is similar to OG ques? -- Diabetes, ...., ranks....only yo heart diseases.*
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Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 810
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6

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30 Aug 2013, 14:50
1
SmokedRing wrote:
Unlike the team of lawyers working for the petitioner, whose argument rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress, the government's argument centered on what many legal experts consider a main-stream interpretation of the Bill of Rights.
A) the team of lawyers working for the petitioner, whose argument rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
B) the argument from the petitioner, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
C) the petitioner's argument, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
D) the petitioner's argument, whose case rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that recently only passed Congress
E) the petitioner's argument, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that recently only passed Congress

like /unlike ==>always followed by noun or noun phrase.
like/unlike x , y ==>x and y should be parallel.

now in this question Y = the government's argument.
therefore X cant be team of lawyers ..therefore A is wrong.

B) the argument from the petitioner, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
WRONG.
the petioner,s argument is better than the argument from the petitioner

C)the petitioner's argument, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that only recently passed Congress
CORRECT

D) the petitioner's argument, whose case rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that recently only passed Congress
WRONG.
WHOSE ==>THIS HAS NO REFERENT and ARGUMENT cant be refered as WHOSE.
ONLY PASSED: meaning is wrong...=>it means that bill only passe congres....
rather actual intended meaning is that bill only RECENTLY passed.
so ONLY always modifies the word following IT.

E) the petitioner's argument, which rested on a questionable interpretation of a bill that recently only passed Congress
WRONG.
ONLY PASSED: meaning is wrong...=>it means that bill only passe congres....
rather actual intended meaning is that bill only RECENTLY passed.
so ONLY always modifies the word following IT.

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Intern
Joined: 01 Jun 2010
Posts: 39

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30 Aug 2013, 15:23
Where did the question come from?
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Manager
Joined: 29 Apr 2013
Posts: 97
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT Date: 11-06-2013
WE: Programming (Telecommunications)

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31 Aug 2013, 11:27
I wasted some seconds in understanding what "recently passed Congress" mean
So by the way what does "recently passed Congress" mean?
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Collection of some good questions on Number System

Princeton Review Representative
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 160

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31 Aug 2013, 15:48
The "unlike" in this argument shows that there is a parallelism issue with what two things are "unlike" This is further compounded by the use of a descriptive phrase in between the two unlike things.

It is clear that the government's argument is unlike the petitioner's argument and since government is not underlined, this eliminates A and B for parallel comparison problems.

The next clear error is a pronoun error - the sentence gives you the option of "which" or "whose" whose is appropriate for people, not for arguments therefore D is eliminated for a bad pronoun.

The decision between C and E comes down to the placement of "only" This is a tricky adverb because it is very specific in what it modifies. in C it clearly modifies recently implying that up until recently it had not passed congress.

in E) it modifies passed - which means it only passed Congress (implying that there are other things it could have passed) To preserve the meaning of the sentence you would pick C as the correct answer.
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Joined: 01 Oct 2013
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05 Aug 2017, 21:08
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: ONLY and Like   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2017, 21:08
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