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# Only seven people this century have been killed by the great

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Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2017, 14:09
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Ankit04041987 wrote:
Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings.
A. movies—less than those
B. movies—fewer than have been
C. movies, which is less than those
D. movies, a number lower than the people
E. movies, fewer than the ones

I agree choice B is the correct one because other choice either has modifier error (choice C, D and E) or use less to modify countable noun (choice A).

Can someone please explain the function of hyphen in Choice A? It connects an independent clause with a phrase. What is the modified entity for "fewer than have been killed by bee stings"? Is it "seven people"? Why this modifier is so far away from the from the modified entity?

Also, can someone explain why "fewer than have been" omitted those? I thought that people killed by shark is compared with people (those) killed by bee thing.

Thx for your time in advance.
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2017, 19:02
Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings.

A. movies—less than those (Use fewer for countable nouns)
B. movies—fewer than have been (Correct)
C. movies, which is less than those (Same as A)
D. movies, a number lower than the people (Wrong comparison)
E. movies, fewer than the ones (Not parallel and usage of ones is wrong)

Kudos please if you like my explanation!
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Only seven people this century have been killed by the great [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 19:56
Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies−less than those killed by bee stings.

A. movies−less than those
B. movies−fewer than have been
C. movies, which is less than those
D. movies, a number lower than the people
E. movies, fewer than the ones

GMATNinja Could you help to analyze answers (B) & (E)? What is "the ones" in (E) referring to? Does the verb tense have to be in parallel "have been killed by X...have been killed by Y"?

B makes is clear that you're comparing "only seven" to "fewer", since each of these takes a verb in the same tense.

E is an ambiguous comparison, you could be comparing "fewer" to the shark.
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great [#permalink]

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17 May 2017, 08:57
hfbamafan wrote:
The Columbia Guide to Standard American English by Kenneth G. Wilson, lists the following under the entry "Indefinite pronoun":

"Anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, none, each, either, neither, one...."

All of these take an apostrophe when forming the possessive. I can be confident of this because (1) none of them has a possessive form written simply with a terminal s as an entry in the Oxford English Dictionary--and if any dictionary would list such forms it is the OED--and (2) the possessive forms using apostrophe-s can be found in works archived in Google Books. (Even none! Do a search in Google Books for none's business" for one example.)

So possessive pronouns have to use an apostrophe to be grammatically correct.

how is this related to this question?
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 13:47
Quote:
GMATNinja Could you help to analyze answers (B) & (E)? What is "the ones" in (E) referring to? Does the verb tense have to be in parallel "have been killed by X...have been killed by Y"?

B makes is clear that you're comparing "only seven" to "fewer", since each of these takes a verb in the same tense.

E is an ambiguous comparison, you could be comparing "fewer" to the shark.

ziyuen, I don't think ambiguity is the problem, since "ones" is plural and the shark is singular. The issue is that whenever you use "the one" or "the ones", you're pointing to a very specific individual or individuals:

I eat dozens of burritos every week, but the ones at Taqueria La Cumbre are the best. --> I'm referring to a specific subset of burritos, not to the antecedent "burritos" in general

In (E), the logic subtly falls apart when we use "the ones." (E) compares the number of people killed by the sharks to the specific people killed by bee stings. (B) clarifies that you're comparing the quantity of people who were killed by each source.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great [#permalink]

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28 May 2017, 01:05
jj32 wrote:
Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings.

A. movies—less than those
B. movies—fewer than have been
C. movies, which is less than those
D. movies, a number lower than the people
E. movies, fewer than the ones

I have studied this question many times.
two points I want to say.
first, "fewer than have been.." in B is adverbial, something that work as adverb to modify the preceding clause. this phrase is not adjective because if it is adjective, we can attach this phrase to "seven people"

only seven people, fewer than have been killed by bee sting, have been killed

this make no sense when the phrase is close the the noun modified.

second point is that " fewer than have been..." has no second element of comparison. this second element is implied. this point is hard for us because in most of the case, both element of comparison are present in the case.

those are two hard points we have to learn from this question.
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great   [#permalink] 28 May 2017, 01:05

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# Only seven people this century have been killed by the great

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