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Opponents of compulsory national service claim that such a p

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Manager
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Joined: 02 May 2016
Posts: 82

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 206

Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship
GRE 1: 317 Q163 V154
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
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Re: Opponents of compulsory national service claim that such a p [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2017, 10:09
Hientran48 wrote:
I squeezed my mind with 4th question, still can't understand the answer, which i narrate as follows:
Both national service and taxation serve ends beyond those related to the basic survival of the state

What does it mean by "ends"? What is the basic survival of the state?

Please help me explain them? How can you connect them with the content of passage?

Many thanks,



I hope this is not too late!

Let's see. I connected the answer choice here in the passage:
Quote:
......Even the most conservative of politicians admits that tax money is rightly spent on programs that, while not necessary for the survival of the state, are nevertheless of great benefit to society. Can the opponent of national service truly claim that activities of the military [.....] do not provide a similar benefit to the nation? Upon reflection, opponents of national service must concede that such a broadened conception of what is necessary is in keeping with the ideas of shared sacrifice and community benefit that are essential to the functioning of a liberal democratic state.


What the red marked text is saying? It says that tax money is used beyond the "necessary" things needed for basic survival of the state.
What is blue marked text? This co-relates tax and national service.

A something on interrogative:
When a sentence is turned into interrogative sentence, it is negated. Consider following examples:
1.
Sentence: You Cant Do it.
Interrogative: You Cant do it, can you?
OR
Can you do it?
2.
Sentence: You can do it.
Interrogative: you can do it, can't you?
OR
Can't you do it?


Now the blue colored part is "Can the opponents claim the military activities (national service) do not provide similar (similar to taxation) benefits". can they? This is 1st case from above. So negating the sentence will be: "Opponents cant claim that military activities do not provide similar benefits." Which effectively means that national service provide similar benefits to taxation.
And what benefits? Benefits that are beyond the basic survival! :)

And for the last part: What does ends means? It means the limits of basic survival of state. Both serve beyond what is considered "ends" of the activities needed for basic survival.

Hope I helped :)

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Re: Opponents of compulsory national service claim that such a p [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 08:30
Nice passage, however long one... took long time to absorb and even for answering questions ...

Question 5 is in the format of gmat questions but OA is little odd...

With the strong wording as 'Based on the information in the passage' one can feel difficulty to think for a hypothetical situation in which ans is not at all mentioned in the entire passage.

I felt its ok to mark question 5 wrong as it shows that one adheres to the rules of RC concept of out of scope answers.

It would be better if we know the source of this question to confirm that weather we need to update our understanding of question 5 like.

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 40

Re: Opponents of compulsory national service claim that such a p   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2017, 08:30

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