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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 06:19
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IMO A

B & C have Modifier error
D has wrong Adjectival phrase.
E has pronoun error.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie

D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops


Absolutely knocked out by this one. Here it goes:

First off fixing modifier error:

Its "Surfing" that could have been "Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians" not "surfing’s appeal" so ruling out B and C.

Secondly, fixing the pronoun error:

Since we are talking about one sport, i.e. "Surfing", usage of "their" in option "E" makes it run for money.

Finally, need to put the things parallel:

"confluence of ....., an unpredictable backdrop...., and the camaraderie...." is the only way I feel parallelism can be maintained and "gracefully and serenely violent and formidable" looks illogical to me and hence I will go with A.

Kudos expected if answer is right and if not, OE to shed some lights.
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Last edited by jugglerG2 on 26 Apr 2016, 02:23, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 09:18
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hi souvik,
great work in getting some very good questions...
now for the answer. two things which can get us to the correct answer..
1) Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians modifies surfing, so B and C are out..
2) parallelism- surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops correct

D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops the portion in red changes the meaning...

E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops.their wrongly refers to people rather than to sport

ans A
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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chetan2u

Crisp explanation

Can you please help me in clarifying my doubts

I have marked them red in the question below :

Originally(Adverb) developed(Verb ED modifier) by ancient Hawaiians(I wanted to confirm that adverb is modifying verb and that verb ed modifier is modifying ancient hawaiians(noun) am i right ??), surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their (refers to people or something else ?? if something else does it makes sense) common quest to conquer nature

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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A for me. Reasons have already been explained..

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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best Option is A.

option D is close but parallelism issue in D.

A best fit.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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smartyguy wrote:
chetan2u

Crisp explanation

Can you please help me in clarifying my doubts

I have marked them red in the question below :

Originally(Adverb) developed(Verb ED modifier) by ancient Hawaiians(I wanted to confirm that adverb is modifying verb and that verb ed modifier is modifying ancient hawaiians(noun) am i right ??), surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their (refers to people or something else ?? if something else does it makes sense) common quest to conquer nature

Regards
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hi smarty,
look at the entire clause Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, it is modifying surfing....
'their' does not have any plural antecedent other than people, so it correctly refers back to people
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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Thanks Chetan it clarifies my little vital doubts

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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Can someone comment on the use of "due to" here? It seems like "because of" would be more appropriate.

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie

D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops


IMO: A

B, C are out because of a modifier error with "surfing's appeal" as oppose to "surfing"

D's "a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is" is wordy

E their doesn't have a proper antecedent

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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In Gmat usage of "because of" is not preferred

Moreover "because of" must be followed by "a noun" which is also not their in correct choice.

Hope it clears your doubt

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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smartyguy wrote:
jwang27

In Gmat usage of "because of" is not preferred

Moreover "because of" must be followed by "a noun" which is also not their in correct choice.

Hope it clears your doubt

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Due isn't an adjective? If it is, how how can A be the correct answer (clearly due is referring to appeal)?

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2015, 06:53
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie

D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
This sentence contains three parallel elements: “the unusual confluence,” “an
unpredictable backdrop,” and “the camaraderie.” Additionally, the introductory
modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians” correctly modifies the
noun “surfing.”
(A) CORRECT. This choice properly follows rules of parallel construction and uses
the introductory phrase to correctly modify the noun “surfing.”
(B) The introductory modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians”
incorrectly describes “surfing’s appeal” rather than surfing itself. Additionally, the
pronoun “its” has no clear antecedent to refer to.
(C) The introductory modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians”
incorrectly describes “surfing’s appeal” rather than surfing itself. Furthermore, the
third element of the sentence, “developing camaraderie among people,” is not parallel
to the other two elements.
(D) This choice lacks clarity of meaning by stating “a backdrop that is unpredictable
and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable.” The original
intent of the sentence is to use the adjectives graceful, serene, violent, and
formidable to describe surfing’s “unpredictable backdrop”; this choice improperly
separates this into two distinct ideas. Additionally, this choice incorrectly changes the
adjectives “graceful” and “serene” to adverbs “gracefully” and “serenely”; thus, the
adverbs incorrectly modify the adjectives “violent” and “formidable” rather than the
noun “backdrop.”
(E) The plural pronoun “their” incorrectly refers to the plural noun “people,” making it
seem that people, rather than surfing, contain the three parallel elements found in the
sentence.


I have my doubts about A: "and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature".
What is this parallel to?
"graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develop... " - not possible

"due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops..." could be, but we have a previous and "and high paced adrenaline"

Then it must be confluence... and the camaraderie... but this is too far from due to, making it confusing. Shouldn't it be better "due to the confluence...and to the camaraderie..."?
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2015, 19:29
oldrain wrote:
Hi guys… can someone help explain the problem below?

I am used to [X and Y] and [X,Y, and Z] structures on GMAT questions. Since I am not a native-speaker and any changes in meaning are the most difficult/time consuming problems for me, I am usually trying to analyze questions ‘structurally’ first. Here in option A we have the following construction:

Surfing appeals ... due to X, Y, and Z (this is fine).

X= the sport’s unusual confluence. Ok.
Y= that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable (?)
Z= the camaraderie. Ok.

My question is about internal construction of Y: that is [graceful and serene], [violent and formidable] – why we do not have conjunction AND here, between two elements? Don't we have a structure X,Y instead of X and Y here?

I was going through ‘parallelism’ set of questions and missed this one (picked D) just because I believed the form [X AND Y] should always be consistent.

Thanks a lot.


Dear experts,

No one has addressed the above issue, although it was raised in 2013!!

Isn't an "and" required between "serene" and "violent" instead of a comma??
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2016, 11:18
I would eliminate D and E because Due to in both of them when replaced by Caused by distorts the sentence.

Does anyone think like me? Am I right in eliminating D and E like that... please help..

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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HMC wrote:
I would eliminate D and E because Due to in both of them when replaced by Caused by distorts the sentence.

Does anyone think like me? Am I right in eliminating D and E like that... please help..


All the options are grammatically incorrect.
"Due" is an adjective and hence it should be used to refer to a noun.
The appeal was due to... is correct. (due is an adjective for the noun appeal)
Surfing appeals due to... is wrong. ( due is wrongly used as an adverb for the verb appeals)

For the above reason A, D and E can be eliminated.

B and C are wrong because of modifier error. Surfing's appeal was not developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing was.

Note: one small suggestion - do not replace "due to" with " caused by" to check whether the usage is alright. A more efficient and conceptually more solid way is to see whether "due to" is used as an adjective and "because of" as an adverb. A quick tip: "due to" follows verb "to be" (because "due to" is adjective) - "because of" follows other verbs ( because "because of" is adverb.)

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 11:12
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie

D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
This sentence contains three parallel elements: “the unusual confluence,” “an
unpredictable backdrop,” and “the camaraderie.” Additionally, the introductory
modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians” correctly modifies the
noun “surfing.”
(A) CORRECT. This choice properly follows rules of parallel construction and uses
the introductory phrase to correctly modify the noun “surfing.”
(B) The introductory modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians”
incorrectly describes “surfing’s appeal” rather than surfing itself. Additionally, the
pronoun “its” has no clear antecedent to refer to.
(C) The introductory modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians”
incorrectly describes “surfing’s appeal” rather than surfing itself. Furthermore, the
third element of the sentence, “developing camaraderie among people,” is not parallel
to the other two elements.
(D) This choice lacks clarity of meaning by stating “a backdrop that is unpredictable
and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable.” The original
intent of the sentence is to use the adjectives graceful, serene, violent, and
formidable to describe surfing’s “unpredictable backdrop”; this choice improperly
separates this into two distinct ideas. Additionally, this choice incorrectly changes the
adjectives “graceful” and “serene” to adverbs “gracefully” and “serenely”; thus, the
adverbs incorrectly modify the adjectives “violent” and “formidable” rather than the
noun “backdrop.”
(E) The plural pronoun “their” incorrectly refers to the plural noun “people,” making it
seem that people, rather than surfing, contain the three parallel elements found in the
sentence.


Hi mikemcgarry and @sayantantc

Can you guys please elaborate on how the usage of "due to" is correct here ?
My understanding is "due to" is trying to give us reasons for "appeal" (a verb) ...Such a usage is NOT correct ...right ?
If we want to give reasons for a verb we need to use "because of" and if we want to modify a noun say "surfing's appeal" then, usage of "due to" is required.

Please enlighten me on this !!!
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2017, 08:31
why is 'due to' correct in this correct sentence?

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d   [#permalink] 10 Jun 2017, 08:31

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