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# Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals

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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2009, 08:55
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

53% (02:01) correct 48% (01:26) wrong based on 78 sessions

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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie
D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
If you have any questions
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15 Oct 2009, 09:50

Its surely A.
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Last edited by jax91 on 15 Oct 2009, 10:14, edited 1 time in total.
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15 Oct 2009, 10:11
1
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hogann wrote:
Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie
D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

A IMO.
Reasoning:
1. B and C are out because after "," we need a noun. surfing's appeal was not originally developed by ancient Hawaiians ---- Left with A, D and E.
2. D is out because "a backdrop that is unpredictable" is wordy in D which is replaced by "unpredictable backdrop" in A and E ---- Left with A and E.
3. E is out because "their" is referring to people which is not correct. It has to be sport's.

So left with A. What is the OA?
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19 Oct 2009, 10:31
OA is A

This sentence contains three parallel elements: “the unusual confluence,” “an unpredictable backdrop,” and “the camaraderie.” Additionally, the introductory modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians” correctly modifies the noun “surfing.”
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24 Oct 2009, 20:24
yepper A sounded right to me too
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26 Oct 2009, 05:54
is D wrong only because its wordy? (unpredictable backdrop vs backdrop that is unpredictable)
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05 Feb 2011, 17:34
Not sure how A can be correct. How can the sentence read, "the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering"? How can the sport possess adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering? The people performing the sport possess this.

I choose E.
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21 Feb 2011, 18:40
Chose A. B and C are wrong because of the possessive and E has a wrong subject-verb agreement (their). D doesn't keep the parallelism in the list of reasons.
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22 Feb 2011, 06:09
A it is. Are you sure this is a 700 level question? Or am i feeling lucky today
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22 Feb 2011, 20:35
A stands out the best...surfing appeals......parallelism for the rest "graceful,..."
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23 Feb 2011, 00:10
Jamico7 wrote:
Not sure how A can be correct. How can the sentence read, "the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering"? How can the sport possess adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering? The people performing the sport possess this.

I choose E.

Answer should be A. It is not stating that the sport has adrenaline, it s saying that the sport has confluence of adrenaline etc..
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2016, 07:53
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2016, 11:18
I would eliminate D and E because Due to in both of them when replaced by Caused by distorts the sentence.

Does anyone think like me? Am I right in eliminating D and E like that... please help..
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2016, 04:12
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HMC wrote:
I would eliminate D and E because Due to in both of them when replaced by Caused by distorts the sentence.

Does anyone think like me? Am I right in eliminating D and E like that... please help..

All the options are grammatically incorrect.
"Due" is an adjective and hence it should be used to refer to a noun.
The appeal was due to... is correct. (due is an adjective for the noun appeal)
Surfing appeals due to... is wrong. ( due is wrongly used as an adverb for the verb appeals)

For the above reason A, D and E can be eliminated.

B and C are wrong because of modifier error. Surfing's appeal was not developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing was.

Note: one small suggestion - do not replace "due to" with " caused by" to check whether the usage is alright. A more efficient and conceptually more solid way is to see whether "due to" is used as an adjective and "because of" as an adverb. A quick tip: "due to" follows verb "to be" (because "due to" is adjective) - "because of" follows other verbs ( because "because of" is adverb.)
Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals   [#permalink] 06 Nov 2016, 04:12
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