Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a

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Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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17 May 2007, 02:22
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Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.
(A) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
(B) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, having the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, a technique called proton induced x-ray emission
(C) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
(D) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying it,
(E) A technique that was originally developed for detecting air pollutants and has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying the substance, called proton-induced x-ray emission,
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17 May 2007, 05:48
(A) for the second vote
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17 May 2007, 06:51
Juggled between A and C - sticking with A

C - modifier error -- 'air pollutants,called proton' ..
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2015, 02:05
Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.

(A) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
Correct
(B) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, having the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, a technique called proton induced x-ray emission
Usage of having is wrong + last sentence after comma must be placed after first sentence.
(C) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
Usage of commas after first sentence is wrong + second sentence is fragmented sentence
(D) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying it,
same as C
(E) A technique that was originally developed for detecting air pollutants and has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying the substance, called proton-induced x-ray emission
Usage of was + has is ambuguous

Hence A
Ans!

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SG
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2015, 13:21

apache wrote:
Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.
(A) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
(B) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, having the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, a technique called proton induced x-ray emission
(C) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
(D) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying it,
(E) A technique that was originally developed for detecting air pollutants and has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying the substance, called proton-induced x-ray emission,

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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2015, 05:29
Why is c) wrong? It is not distorting the meaning!
Is it because it is violating the noun touch rule? and that 'proton-induced x-ray emission' should be preceded by 'technology'?
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2015, 17:25
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Anu26 wrote:
Why is c) wrong? It is not distorting the meaning!
Is it because it is violating the noun touch rule? and that 'proton-induced x-ray emission' should be preceded by 'technology'?

Yes. The modifier "called proton-induced x-ray emission" must touch the noun "technique". (C) (D) (E) can all be eliminated by this one rule .

Option (B) is out because the modifier "Originally developed for detecting air pollutants" does not touch the noun "technique".

So Option (A) it is !
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2015, 21:21
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AVRonaldo wrote:
Anu26 wrote:
Why is c) wrong? It is not distorting the meaning!
Is it because it is violating the noun touch rule? and that 'proton-induced x-ray emission' should be preceded by 'technology'?

Yes. The modifier "called proton-induced x-ray emission" must touch the noun "technique". (C) (D) (E) can all be eliminated by this one rule .

Option (B) is out because the modifier "Originally developed for detecting air pollutants" does not touch the noun "technique".

So Option (A) it is !

Hi,

I think the reason is because in option C the technique ie. "proton-induced x-ray emission" should follow immediately after the clause "A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants"

In option A the technique rightly follows the first clause which is getting modified.

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2015, 06:12
dominicraj wrote:
AVRonaldo wrote:
Anu26 wrote:
Why is c) wrong? It is not distorting the meaning!
Is it because it is violating the noun touch rule? and that 'proton-induced x-ray emission' should be preceded by 'technology'?

Yes. The modifier "called proton-induced x-ray emission" must touch the noun "technique". (C) (D) (E) can all be eliminated by this one rule .

Option (B) is out because the modifier "Originally developed for detecting air pollutants" does not touch the noun "technique".

So Option (A) it is !

Hi,

I think the reason is because in option C the technique ie. "proton-induced x-ray emission" should follow immediately after the clause "A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants"

In option A the technique rightly follows the first clause which is getting modified.

Regards,
Dom.

Thanks guys! Kudos to both of you!
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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25 May 2015, 09:48
Anu26 wrote:
Why is c) wrong? It is not distorting the meaning!
Is it because it is violating the noun touch rule? and that 'proton-induced x-ray emission' should be preceded by 'technology'?

Called in option c also attempts to modify air pollutants.. As if air pollutants are called proton induced x- Ray emission! Clearly incorrect

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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2015, 20:59
this is hard problem.
this situation, one noun, many modifiers, can not explained in grammar books.

we should learn from og

when there is 3 modifer, we can not arrange them so that onn modifier have to jump over 2 modifers. SO, C,D and E are out

between B and A.
maybe gmat prefer that "which"clause should be a far modifier because is is full clause and is consider long. I do not know for sure.

if which clause touch the noun, another modifier must be far from the noun. far modifier which is not which clause is not prefered.

I find this hard to know the preference of gmat
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2015, 23:47
(A) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
Correct
(B) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, having the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, a technique called proton induced x-ray emission
By the touch rule for the modifiers, Originally developed should touch a technique
(C) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,
Modifier issue. It seems the air pollutants are called proton induced x-ray emission
(D) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying it,
Modifier issue. It seems the air pollutants are called proton induced x-ray emission
(E) A technique that was originally developed for detecting air pollutants and has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying the substance, called proton-induced x-ray emission,
Was and has do not depict the same tense, hence wrong. Plus this option is very clumsy as compared to option A
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Re: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2015, 23:47
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