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# Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2

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Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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04 May 2011, 01:12
7
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:51) correct 42% (01:32) wrong based on 145 sessions

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Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed?

A. 210
B. 1050
C. 25200
D. 21400
E. 42800

Guys I've some concerns on this problem and I've put them under the spoiler. Please help me out!Thanks..

I am getting A. However, the OA is C. Below is the OE:

Explanation:

Number of ways of selecting (3 consonants out of 7) and (2 vowels out of 4) = (7C3 x 4C2)
={(7 x 6 x 5)x(4 x 3)}/ {(3 x 2 x 1)x(2 x 1)}
= 210.
Number of groups, each having 3 consonants and 2 vowels = 210.

Each group contains 5 letters.

Number of ways of arranging
5 letters among themselves = 5!
= 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1
= 120.
Required number of ways = (210 x 120) = 25200.

I don't understand what is need of arranging the 5 letters again, as 7C3*4C2 will do that already. Can someone tell me where I'm going wrong?

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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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04 May 2011, 06:53
3
1
7C3 * 4C2 * 5!

(7 * 6 * 5)/3! * 4!/2!2! * 120

35 * 6 * 120

= 210 * 120

= 25200

I don't understand what is need of arranging the 5 letters again, as 7C3*4C2 will do that already.

7C3*4C2 will select letters, thereafter one has to arrange those.
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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2018, 05:38
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Top Contributor
gmatpapa wrote:
Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed?

A. 210
B. 1050
C. 25200
D. 21400
E. 42800

Take the task of creating 5-letter words and break it into stages.

Stage 1: Select the 3 consonants to work with
Since the order in which we select the consonants does not matter, we can use combinations.
We can select 3 consonants from 7 consonants in 7C3 ways (= 35 ways)

Stage 2: Select the 2 vowels to work with
Since the order in which we select the vowels does not matter, we can use combinations.
We can select 2 vowels from 4 vowels in 4C2 ways (= 6 ways)

If anyone is interested, we have a video on calculating combinations (like 4C2) in your head - see below

Stage 3: Take the 5 selected letters and arrange them.
We can complete this stage in 5! ways (= 120 ways).

By the Fundamental Counting Principle (FCP), we can complete all 3 stages (and thus create all 5-letter words) in (35)(6)(120) ways (= 25,200 ways)

Note: the FCP can be used to solve the MAJORITY of counting questions on the GMAT. So, be sure to learn it.

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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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04 May 2011, 06:40
Using 4 x 3 / (2 x 1) = 6, to select your vowels... just calculated the number of groupings.

Example:
a e i o (4 vowels)
6 POSSIBLE GROUPINGS

a e
a i
a o
e i
e o
i o

If you take the ARRANGEMENT into account,
you should have 12 instead of 6.

a e
a i
a o
e i
e o
i o
e a
i a
o a
i e
o e
o i

But it's best to just get the possible number of grouping first which is 7C3 4C2 = 210. Then we arrange it by multiplying to 5!.. So as to allow consonants and vowels alternating...

Ex.

c d f e i

This will allow c d e i f.. Alternating elements...
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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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04 May 2011, 07:16
subhashghosh wrote:
7C3 * 4C2 * 5!

(7 * 6 * 5)/3! * 4!/2!2! * 120

35 * 6 * 120

= 210 * 120

= 25200

I don't understand what is need of arranging the 5 letters again, as 7C3*4C2 will do that already.

7C3*4C2 will select letters, thereafter one has to arrange those.

Uh.. thanks I think I got it now..

Say for example, the first combination is "r t y u i" You can sure arrange it in 5! ways, and since this is a unique combination, alphabets can be arranged in 5! and still form words not contained in any of the other combinations. Thanks for pointing out. great tip!
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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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04 May 2011, 16:44
7c3*4c2*5!

= 25200

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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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04 May 2011, 18:32
5 letters in the word - hence 5! ways of arranging them.

positions - - - - -
7* 6 *5 * 4 * 3
consonants vowels

Thus without actually multiplying one can deduce like this : 5! = 120 means the number is divisible by 3.D and E POE.

Also, the number must have 2 zeros at the units and tens place, 120 and 6*5 = 30 is there.

C is a perfect fit.
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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2019, 19:11
I think the question needs to mention that repetition of letters is not allowed

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2019, 05:09
Top Contributor
firas92 wrote:
I think the question needs to mention that repetition of letters is not allowed

Posted from my mobile device

Agreed! Otherwise, words like AABBB would be allowed.
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Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2019, 10:36
GMATPrepNow wrote:
firas92 wrote:
I think the question needs to mention that repetition of letters is not allowed

Posted from my mobile device

Agreed! Otherwise, words like AABBB would be allowed.

أHi GMATPrepNow Brent

How will be the solution if repetition would allowed? what will change in way to solve it?

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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2019, 06:37
Top Contributor
Mo2men wrote:
GMATPrepNow wrote:
firas92 wrote:
I think the question needs to mention that repetition of letters is not allowed

Posted from my mobile device

Agreed! Otherwise, words like AABBB would be allowed.

أHi GMATPrepNow Brent

How will be the solution if repetition would allowed? what will change in way to solve it?

That rewording would require us to consider many different cases:
5-letter words with 2 different vowels and 3 different consonants
5-letter words with 2 identical vowels and 3 different consonants
5-letter words with 2 different vowels, 2 identical consonants, and 1 different consonant
5-letter words with 2 identical vowels, 2 identical consonants, and 1 different consonant
5-letter words with 2 different vowels, and 3 identical consonants
5-letter words with 2 identical vowels, and 3 identical consonants

As you might imagine, the reworded question would take up wayyyyyyy too much time to be a true GMAT question.

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2019, 06:37
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