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# Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients

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Manager
Joined: 30 Jan 2017
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Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2017, 02:31
3
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:30) correct 47% (01:16) wrong based on 119 sessions

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Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who live at home have more bouts of depression than do patients at mental health care facilities. To test the hypothesis that the stress-free environment of such facilities is the sole reason for their success, some recently-diagnosed patients were relocated to a mental health care facility and others were studied in their home environments, from which stress-causing factors had been eliminated. It was found that both groups had an equal number of depression bouts.

The answer to which of the following questions would contribute the most to understanding the significance of the experiment results in relation to the hypothesis tested?

a. Whether most of the patients observed in the home environments were living with family members.
b. Whether there were some patients in the health care facility who would have preferred to remain in their home environments.
c. Whether the doctors observing patients in their home environments were more accredited than the doctors observing the other group.
d. Whether the dosage of anti-depressive medicine was the same for patients in both the groups studied.
e. Whether the time period of study was sufficient for patients to acclimatize to new surroundings that could otherwise have caused severe anxiety.

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Intern
Joined: 25 Apr 2017
Posts: 15
Re: Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2017, 02:54
I think the answer is E

If people who stayed at home were sent to mental healthcare facilities, they would need some time to adapt to new environment. In case the environment were related to stress/depression level, then specific time could be neccessary before starting any measurement of depression.
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Re: Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2017, 00:15
fmik7894 wrote:
Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who live at home have more bouts of depression than do patients at mental health care facilities. To test the hypothesis that the stress-free environment of such facilities is the sole reason for their success, some recently-diagnosed patients were relocated to a mental health care facility and others were studied in their home environments, from which stress-causing factors had been eliminated. It was found that both groups had an equal number of depression bouts.

The answer to which of the following questions would contribute the most to understanding the significance of the experiment results in relation to the hypothesis tested?

a. Whether most of the patients observed in the home environments were living with family members.
b. Whether there were some patients in the health care facility who would have preferred to remain in their home environments.
c. Whether the doctors observing patients in their home environments were more accredited than the doctors observing the other group.
d. Whether the dosage of anti-depressive medicine was the same for patients in both the groups studied.
e. Whether the time period of study was sufficient for patients to acclimatize to new surroundings that could otherwise have caused severe anxiety.

This is a very good question

Premise 1 : Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who live at home have more bouts of depression than do patients at mental health care facilities

Premise 2:To test the hypothesis that the stress-free environment of such facilities is the sole reason for their success, some recently-diagnosed patients were relocated to a mental health care facility and others were studied in their home environments, from which stress-causing factors had been eliminated

Conclusion:It was found that both groups had an equal number of depression bouts.

Now the conclusion that both groups had an equal number of depression bouts would be seriously be doubted if E is found out to be true .
If the people had anxiety initially in the mental health care facility then the conclusion would be false .
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Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2017, 21:56
please explain reason to reject D? is it that anti - depression medicine not discussed in the argument so out of scope? or there is difference between 'anti-depressive' and 'manic depression'
Manager
Joined: 30 Jan 2017
Posts: 86
Location: India
Schools: ISB '19
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 660 Q47 V34
GMAT 3: 730 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.9
Re: Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2017, 01:31
r19 wrote:
please explain reason to reject D? is it that anti - depression medicine not discussed in the argument so out of scope? or there is difference between 'anti-depressive' and 'manic depression'

Option D is indeed a trap answer and it is incorrect for the following reasons:

1.Option D talks about the SAME dosage of anti-depressive medicine. Now ask yourself, do all the patients belonging to the two control groups require the SAME dosage of medicine ? I don't know !! It's not mentioned anywhere in the passage.

2. Option D would have been a strong contender if it asked whether the patients were given the APPROPIATE dosage of anti-depressive medicines.

3. Note that the passage mentions relocation or a change of environment for the patients. The correct answer must be on those lines. While I agree that "anxiety" is not mentioned anywhere, Option E talks about "new surronding", which is on similar lines as that of the passage.

Hope this helps.
Manager
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Posts: 105
Location: India
Schools: ISB '19
GMAT 1: 600 Q47 V26
GPA: 3.59
Re: Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2017, 02:08
fmik7894 wrote:
r19 wrote:
please explain reason to reject D? is it that anti - depression medicine not discussed in the argument so out of scope? or there is difference between 'anti-depressive' and 'manic depression'

Option D is indeed a trap answer and it is incorrect for the following reasons:

1.Option D talks about the SAME dosage of anti-depressive medicine. Now ask yourself, do all the patients belonging to the two control groups require the SAME dosage of medicine ? I don't know !! It's not mentioned anywhere in the passage.

2. Option D would have been a strong contender if it asked whether the patients were given the APPROPIATE dosage of anti-depressive medicines.

3. Note that the passage mentions relocation or a change of environment for the patients. The correct answer must be on those lines. While I agree that "anxiety" is not mentioned anywhere, Option E talks about "new surronding", which is on similar lines as that of the passage.

Hope this helps.

yes it helps thanks.Even I had similar reasoning that dosage is not mentioned in the passage but somehow was not sure if it right or not.

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If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

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Re: Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2017, 02:08
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