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Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2011, 21:38
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metallicafan, this is my take on the question.
First rule for GMAT -- our job is not to find the correct answer, but to find the best answer among the rest.

In E, 'It' can also represent 'nuclear power', making in ambiguous.

so, among the answer choices, C is the best one.

not much of a detailed explanation, but i hope this makes sense.

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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kat1983 wrote:
what is wrong in choice D.


Choice D change the meaning of sentence. It means that 33% of the energy which refers to energy produced in France come from nuclear power in Germany. It seems illogical. Choice E is more concise.

The most important key for this problem is focus on the meaning of the sentence. Actually, before this time, I faced this sentence and choose correct one. In this time, I neglect it little bit to go out of track to choose choice D. Fortunately, my second thought lead me to remain on track.. If you stick to the meaning, you will keep on track.
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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2011, 09:46
oh i too chose D ya i agree with u tuanquang269
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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2011, 08:33
Second clause is a subordinate clause...which explain the nuclear power ..so it comes first.

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2012, 13:43
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Over 75 percent of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33 percent.

(A) while in Germany it is just over 33 percent
(B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33 percent
(C) whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33 percent of the energy produced in Germany
(D) whereas just over 33 percent of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
(E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33 percent

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hi guys,

Attached is a SC from GMATprep I got during the practice test. I had narrowed down to the two choices, of which one was correct and the other one, incorrect that I happened to choose. I'm not quite convinced with OA. Can someone help me?

Thanks.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Attachment:
File comment: Click on the image to see a larger, clearer picture.
Gmat-prep-SC1.jpg
Gmat-prep-SC1.jpg [ 47.27 KiB | Viewed 3072 times ]

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2012, 20:21
Well was confused between C and D. Finally picked C.

The reason I eliminated D because it distorts the meaning of the sentence a bit.

By saying " Just over 33% of the energy comes from....", the sentence does not talk about the energy produced in Germany but in general the energy itself.
The sentence actually could mean the 33% of the energy produced in Europe comes from Germany. This is the ambiguity.
Always make sure the meaning of the original sentence is not changed.
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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2012, 23:39
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Try using elimination
A. Wrong. Use of 'it' is ambiguous
B and E - Wrong. 'Compared to/with' is wrongly used.
D - Wrong. the sentence should talk about 'energy produced IN Germany'
C remains. correct comparison

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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A & E--There is no antecedent for it. "It" would have to be "the amount/proportion of energy derived from nuclear power," and this is never stated.
B--Germany uses just over 33% of what? Also, the use of "compared to Germany" is awkward, since the subject of the sentence is not "France" but "Over 75% of the energy."
D--This isn't ambiguous at all. It is flat-out stating that just over 33% of the energy produced in France comes from nuclear power in Germany. Imagine that we said "65% of the income in my household is from wages, whereas just over 20% of the income is from investments in real estate." Same structure, but you'd never question that the real estate income is part of my household income. The same thing goes for D. "In Germany" is modifying "nuclear power." If we want it to modify "energy" or "energy produced," we need to put it in the right place. " . . . whereas just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany comes from nuclear power."
C--This makes the same fix I just made above, but it swaps the order a bit. Since these are two complete clauses joined by "whereas," we do not need the order to be parallel. Each is a complete thought, and each is grammatically correct. We might not love this sentence, and we might think there is a more elegant way to express the idea, but there is nothing wrong with the grammar or the meaning, and that's more than we can say for the other choices! C is the winner.
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New post 18 Mar 2012, 13:15
Thanks to all for your replies and explanations. Sorry for delay in responding, but got caught in something else.

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New post 18 Mar 2012, 23:33
C is best here
1. correct comparison
2. unambiguous
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Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33%.

A) while in Germany it is just over 33%
B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33%
C) whereas nuclear poweraccounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany
D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33%.
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Concept Tested: Meaning, Clarity, Comparison
Difficulty level: High
Illustration:
This problem tests subtle differences of meaning and clarity, which appears when illogical things are compared.
In A, the pronoun “it” does not have a logical antecedent (which should be proportion of the energy which is derived
from nuclear power).

In B, a lot of things go wrong. “in France” is compared with “Germany” which is incorrect. Also B is not clear about whether Germany uses
33% of nuclear power of 33% of energy itself
.
D is clearly illogical and ambiguous. In D it is very unclear what the term “energy” suggests. It could be energy in
Germany or somewhere else that utilized 33% of German nuclear energy.

E has two errors. First, it compares a proportion of energy in France with energy derived from German nuclear power. E also uses “it” which lacks a logical antecedent.
C is correct.
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souvik101990 wrote:
Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33%.
.


I had a confusion over C and D, but finally C wins due to it's clear and concise meaning.



A) while in Germany it is just over 33% -- it pronoun ambiguity
B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33% - wrong comparison - you cannot compare Energy to Germany
C) whereas nuclear poweraccounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany - Bingo
D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany - absolutely ambiguous, and distorts the meaning.
E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33% - again no antecedent to it
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A) while in Germany it is just over 33%

What is IT referring to ? Seems to be referring to the POWER when it should refer to the production of power..

B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33%


How can we compare the energy to a nation ?

C) whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany


Although Long , it expresses the sentiments contained in the original passage while removing the grammatical errors which existed in A .. We are referring to the energy produced in Germany and what percentage of that comes from nuclear power... therefore in the absence of an equally correct but shorter or better worded sentence this is correct..

D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany


Doesn't make sense , energy comes from nuclear power in Germany , could mean something totally different .. We need to specify for example whether this is the 33% energy produced, consumed, energy exported, energy imported, energy wasted etc etc etc ..

E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33%.


Still does not remove the ambiguity ....

Given the choices C is the best suited choice ..
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Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33%.

A) while in Germany it is just over 33%
B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33%
C) whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany
D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33%.

Last edited by Gnpth on 07 Oct 2014, 03:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2012, 18:26
Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33%.

A) while in Germany it is just over 33% // it -> no antecedent -> out
B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33% // wrong comparison , energy produced cant be compared to germany
C) whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany // correct
D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany // If you read the sentence very literally it means nuclear power makes up for 75 % of the energy in France and the same nuclear power plants account for 33 % of energy in Germany.
E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33%. // again it has no clear antecedent , the way it sounds it looks like it is trying to refer to energy produced and that doesn't make sense.

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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Concept Tested: Meaning, Clarity, Comparison
Difficulty level: High
Illustration:
This problem tests subtle differences of meaning and clarity, which appears when illogical things are compared.
In A, the pronoun “it” does not have a logical antecedent (which should be proportion of the energy which is derived
from nuclear power).

In B, a lot of things go wrong. “in France” is compared with “Germany” which is incorrect. Also B is not clear about whether Germany uses
33% of nuclear power of 33% of energy itself
.
D is clearly illogical and ambiguous. In D it is very unclear what the term “energy” suggests. It could be energy in
Germany or somewhere else that utilized 33% of German nuclear energy.

E has two errors. First, it compares a proportion of energy in France with energy derived from German nuclear power. E also uses “it” which lacks a logical antecedent.
C is correct.
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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2012, 21:37
As per the explanations D is wrong since the word energy doesn't has the word produced or any other word. In its present form it means 33% of energy ( may be total energy or energy of any firm that produces energy)

I found that explanation in OG for eliminating option A ismore comprehensive........... While .... Is used for similarity and whereas for contrast.

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2013, 04:35
comma+do-ed

modifies ONLY immediately preceding noun

is that right?
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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2013, 11:43
thangvietnam wrote:
comma+do-ed

modifies ONLY immediately preceding noun

is that right?


Hi thangvietnam,

I'm not quite sure what you are referring to "comma+do=ed", but I can absolutely confirm that a comma construction does not always refer to the preceding noun. Indeed certain noun modifiers like "which" require the noun to precede the comma; however, verb modifiers also take a comma construction and can describe an entire phrase.

Noun modifier -> I ran the dog, which loves to run.
Verb modifier -> I ran the dog, during the coolest part of the day.

I used to make a similar assumption, but I realized that meaning should take a higher priority than construction during the first-read.
Hope this helps. Please correct me if I'm in error. Thanks! :beer

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Re: Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2013, 11:43

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