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Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ...

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Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales, compared to Microsoft, which gets less than 10 percent from hardware sales.

A) compared to Microsoft, which gets less than 10 percent from hardware sales.
B) whereas hardware sales account for less than 10 percent of Microsoft’s profits.
C) while in Microsoft it is less than 10 percent.
D) whereas less than 10 percent of profits come from hardware sales in Microsoft.
E) compared with the profits from hardware sales in Microsoft, in which it is less than 10 percent.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2017, 20:14
Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales, compared to Microsoft, which gets less than 10 percent from hardware sales.

We notice that the comparison is between Apple's profits and that of Microsoft. Therefore A out.
C and E out because pronoun "it" refers to no proper antecedent.
Compare between option B and D, B might be better option than D because it avoids repetitive term "come from hardware sales"


A) compared to Microsoft, which gets less than 10 percent from hardware sales .
B) whereas hardware sales account for less than 10 percent of Microsoft’s profits. - Correct
C) while in Microsoft it is less than 10 percent.
D) whereas less than 10 percent of profits come from hardware sales in Microsoft. - repetitive
E) compared with the profits from hardware sales in Microsoft, in which it is less than 10 percent.
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Re: Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 20:05
I boiled down to B and D. and i picked d. Why exactly is d wrong?

'Apple's profits come from hardware sale' similar to 'less than 10 percent come from hardware sales'

why is d wrong? How to tackle these questions? which structure should we look out for?

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Re: Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 01:19
Except for the passive use of voice I can't find a good reason to eliminate D.
B uses active voice which is preferred on GMAT.
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Re: Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 05:33
trungnguyenn
What about the change in meaning as suggested by D?
Consider this-
D: Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales whereas less than 10 percent of profits come from hardware sales in Microsoft.

Can not D also mean something as below:
10% out of the 80% Apple's profit in hardware sales is coming from sales in Microsoft suggesting that Apple is selling its hardware to Microsoft and gaining a profit of less than 10% ?

Meaning ambiguity is the reason for elimination of D.
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Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 06:29
TaN1213 wrote:
trungnguyenn
What about the change in meaning as suggested by D?
Consider this-
D: Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales whereas less than 10 percent of profits come from hardware sales in Microsoft.

Can not D also mean something as below:
10% out of the 80% Apple's profit in hardware sales is coming from sales in Microsoft suggesting that Apple is selling its hardware to Microsoft and gaining a profit of less than 10% ?

Meaning ambiguity is the reason for elimination of D.

TaN1213
If we also consider B in the way that you suggested, it also can be eliminated.

Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales, whereas hardware sales account for less than 10 percent of Microsoft’s profits.

Highlighted "hardware sales" can be refer to "Apple's", so it's wrong.
I am not so sure. Need expert comment.
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New post 14 Nov 2017, 07:49
Please help us to understand between option B and D. Is D passive? hence wrong?

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A) compared to Microsoft, which gets less than 10 percent from hardware sales. - Incorrect, since Apple's profits are being compared to Microsoft itself.
B) whereas hardware sales account for less than 10 percent of Microsoft’s profits.
C) while in Microsoft it is less than 10 percent. Incorrect, as the modifier 'it' has no clear antecedent.
D) whereas less than 10 percent of profits come from hardware sales in Microsoft. Incorrect, implies that Apple sells inside Microsoft too which is nonsensical.
E) compared with the profits from hardware sales in Microsoft, in which it is less than 10 percent. Incorrect. Although comparison is being made between Apple's profits and profits, the clause 'in which it is less than 10 percent' incorrectly modifies 'profits'.
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Last edited by sasyaharry on 14 Nov 2017, 11:43, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 10:16
Here is the official question.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/over-75-of-t ... 39600.html
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When nothing seem to help, I would go and look at a Stonecutter hammering away at his rock perhaps a hundred time without as much as a crack showing in it.
Yet at the hundred and first blow it would split in two.
And I knew it was not that blow that did it, But all that had gone Before
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Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ... [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2017, 00:51
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trungnguyenn wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
trungnguyenn
What about the change in meaning as suggested by D?
Consider this-
D: Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales whereas less than 10 percent of profits come from hardware sales in Microsoft.

Can not D also mean something as below:
10% out of the 80% Apple's profit in hardware sales is coming from sales in Microsoft suggesting that Apple is selling its hardware to Microsoft and gaining a profit of less than 10% ?
Meaning ambiguity is the reason for elimination of D.

TaN1213
If we also consider B in the way that you suggested, it also can be eliminated.

Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales, whereas hardware sales account for less than 10 percent of Microsoft’s profits.

Highlighted "hardware sales" can be refer to "Apple's", so it's wrong.
I am not so sure. Need expert comment.



Question can be raised about parallelism in option B:

Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales, whereas hardware sales account for less than 10 percent of Microsoft’s profits.

For the main clause the subject is "profits", but for the subordinate clause the subject is "sales".

A better construction from the perspective of parallelism would be:
Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from hardware sales, whereas less than 10 percent of Microsoft’s profits comes from hardware sales.

Thus D would be better than B in this respect. However the position of the prepositional phrase "in Microsoft" may indicate a wrong meaning as pointed out by sasyaharry above.

In real GMAT you may expect both these errors to be in the same option, and correct option would have correct parallelsim and would be without the meaning issue.

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Over 80 percent of Apple’s profits come from ...   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2017, 00:51
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