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# Paper test "expenditures required _to survive_"

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Director
Joined: 28 Oct 2003
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Paper test "expenditures required _to survive_" [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2003, 11:46
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A)to survive

(B)of firms to survive

(C)for surviving

(D)for survival

(E) for firms' survival

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Manager
Joined: 22 Apr 2003
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Re: From Paper test "expenditures required [u]to surviv [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2003, 11:48
stoolfi wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A)to survive

(B)of firms to survive

(C)for surviving

(D)for survival

(E) for firms' survival

Choose B.
require of sb to do sth
that's idiom express.

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Director
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19 Nov 2003, 11:57
will go for B too.

reference to "firms" later in the sentence requires "firm--as a subject" in the opening sentence. Thus ans should be B or E, but in E the subject is survival. ... that's the reason I vote for B..

any inputs? anybody?

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Manager
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19 Nov 2003, 12:04

I'd choose C,
just sounds better than A or B. imo since <require> is in passive, it's better to use FOR as opposed to TO.

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Director
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19 Nov 2003, 12:09
dj is right, for the reasons he stated.

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Intern
Joined: 11 Nov 2003
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19 Nov 2003, 13:06
B

In the later part, it says, such firms...So subject should be plural. Thats why A, C & D are out.

idiom is "required of X to do Y. So E is out.

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19 Nov 2003, 13:06
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# Paper test "expenditures required _to survive_"

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