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# Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is

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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2009, 22:09
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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

A. enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.

B. Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching.

C. Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached.

D. Enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached.

E. Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Abhishek009 on 24 Apr 2016, 00:45, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted Text for better representation and added OA
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2009, 06:51
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I think D is the best answer, provided with subject-verb agreement, as well as concise wording.
Choice B seems to be talking to just one specific group of students, instead of students as a whole.
C and E seem to be saying that the students are growing, as the "steadily" is modifying the students, but it in fact should be modifying "a number of students", but in both cases, the word "number" comes after steadily.

This is how I approached it; please correct my reasoning if I'm wrong.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2009, 07:08
yeahh...i now feel the answer shud be D

The missed out on what has grown...it is the number that has grwon and not the students themselves

Last edited by apoorvasrivastva on 05 Aug 2009, 01:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2009, 16:56
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sudeep wrote:
atomy wrote:
ankur55 wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.
A. enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at. subject verb agreement issue... the number.....are.....
B. Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching. reaching is incorrect..
C. Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached. here students have not reached a record high, it is the number that has reached at a record high
D. Enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since
the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached. number is singular and has is singular as well.. so correct .all other choices do not satisfy the subject verb agreement..
E. Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since
the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at here students are not at a record high, it is the number that is at a record high.

hence D is correct.

agree with d

agree here. the number is singular..so has...which give us either B or D, but to be parallel with that has grown, we need a has reached...so D..
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2009, 09:03
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IMO D

A - enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.

B -Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching. - I would prefer with the number rather with a number.. besides reaching is incorrect...

C - Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached. - Should be the number of students that has reached a record high not the students.

E - Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since
the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at - same as C
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2009, 10:43
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OA according to another GMAT forum is D. Good job guys!
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2009, 02:56
It g2 be parallel, so it'd D, I think.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2010, 07:25
IMO D, but I think we need a semi-colon instead of a colon.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2010, 06:23
D for me for the reasons explained above.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2010, 09:25
Should be D as per bakfed's explanation.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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06 May 2013, 04:29
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ankur55 wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.
A. enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.
B. Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching.
C. Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached.
D. Enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since
the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached.
E. Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since
the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at

Ok lets analyze.

Clause 1 = Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment ( Part of is the subject of clause, with "spending is" acting as a verb)
Clause 2 = since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high (Since is acting as a conjunction joining another independent clause " the number of students..bla..bla.. however to join 2 independent clause we need either a semicolon or a Comma+FANBOYS. so it is incorrect.) also use of second since is redundant.

POE:
a: wrong because of stated reason:
b: "have grown" is plural and hence cannot reflect number(singular)
c: "a number of students in public schools growing " growing incorrectly modifies "a number of students" as its not students rather number.
however "with" (adverbial clause) is correct or not, i couldn't make out. Experts please comment. as a rule a comma and with acting as a adverbial clause should modify verb of main sentence. but what is with modifying here?
d: correct
e: "are at" numbers (singular) are at(plural) incorrect.

Experts please let me know how the structure of C is incorrect?
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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06 May 2013, 05:32
nikhil007 wrote:
Ok lets analyze.

Clause 1 = Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment ( Part of is the subject of clause, with "spending is" acting as a verb)

Actually "spending" is used as a Noun here (Gerund, to be more precise). "is" is the verb,

nikhil007 wrote:
Clause 2 = since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high (Since is acting as a conjunction joining another independent clause " the number of students..bla..bla.. however to join 2 independent clause we need either a semicolon or a Comma+FANBOYS. so it is incorrect.) also use of second since is redundant.

This is a "dependent" clause.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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06 May 2013, 06:15
EducationAisle wrote:
nikhil007 wrote:
Ok lets analyze.

Clause 1 = Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment ( Part of is the subject of clause, with "spending is" acting as a verb)

Actually "spending" is used as a Noun here (Gerund, to be more precise). "is" is the verb,

nikhil007 wrote:
Clause 2 = since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high (Since is acting as a conjunction joining another independent clause " the number of students..bla..bla.. however to join 2 independent clause we need either a semicolon or a Comma+FANBOYS. so it is incorrect.) also use of second since is redundant.

This is a "dependent" clause.

ok I think this sentence can stand by itself :
the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.
so why is it dependent?

BTW, I found out that "students... have reached" is also incorrect
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06 May 2013, 06:17
You forgot the "since" (used here in the sense of "because").
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12 May 2014, 05:23
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 11:26
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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.
A. enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.
B. Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching.
C. Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number
since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached.
D. Enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since
the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached.
E. Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since
the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at

The students have not grown rather the number has grown.
The number=singular
A number=Plural
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18 Sep 2015, 23:48
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2016, 23:20
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Please add OA to the question. Thanks!
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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16 May 2016, 09:30
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ankur55 wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

A. enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.

B. Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching.

C. Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached.

D. Enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached.

E. Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at

Meaning of the sentence- State education spending is increased because of higher enrollment. The number of students is growing steadily and is at a record high. This record high number is 47 million.

A. enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at. 'The number of' is singular. 'Have' and 'are' are not correct.

B. Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching. 'A number of students growing and reaching record high' This is not the intended meaning.

C. Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached. 'Students have grown and reached record high' is not the intended meaning.

D. Enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached. 'The number has grown and has reached'- This is what we were looking for.

E. Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at 'Students have grown and are at'- not the intended meaning

D is the answer
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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16 May 2016, 21:00
ankur55 wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

A. enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.

B. Enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching.

C. Enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached.

D. Enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached.

E. Enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and , at nearly 47million, are at

b is wrong because "at the nearly 47 milion" refer to no logic noun in the sentence. HOMELESS MODIFIER are popular on gmat sc. i use this phrase to show that this modifier have no logic headword. we have to realize grammatical roles of each phrase before we consider whether the phrase is logic.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is   [#permalink] 16 May 2016, 21:00

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