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# Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 22:26
in all three of those choices C D and E , the colon (:) plays the same role : it introduces an explanatory clause.

A subordinate clause cant be introduced by a colon(:) , for that we need a comma. I read this somewhere and this makes sense .
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2011, 22:34
D it is....
A is incorrect because "the number of.." requires singular usage
B is incorrect because use of since requires present perfect tense...
C because of multiple usage of since...

When u compare D and E, I feel that enrollment requires usage of present perfect tense to indicate that it "has reached" an all time high..
For this reason E can be eliminated...

Left with D..

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2011, 08:08
GillAS777 wrote:
I agree with BarneyS. 'E; is the only option. Can't believe some people can't see the incorrectness of 'D'

If it's true that D has a typo on students, I will choose D.

A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at
WRONG because it should be THE NUMBER of (...) HAS

(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching
WRONG: This makes the growth pertain to a number of the students and NOT the number of students.

(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached
WRONG: Having two subordinators in one clause...

(D) enrollment: the number of student in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached

(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

I'm eliminating E because of parallelism error.
Students in public schools HAVE grown..., since the mid-1980's AND, ..., ARE at a record high.

D has it better. Hence, D.

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2011, 05:06
BarneyStinson wrote:
brothers wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.
(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching
(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached
(D) enrollment: the number of student in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

Option D has a serious error, students should be plural with an s appended to the end, instead it is presented in a singular form, making the sentence more awkwardly sounding. I seriously don't think this is the kind of a common GMAT trap, if so, GMAT is stooping low. Anyhow, if this is just a human error by the person who posed the question, then it is fine and D should be the answer.

Otherwise, if that's how the option is, then E should be the answer.

you are correct, the option D is wrongly typed
see this http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/par ... t2450.html

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2012, 22:20
+1 for D
'the number' takes singular verb.

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2014, 10:31
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2015, 19:28
In D, "enrollment: the number of student in public schools" is wrong. It should have been "the number of students" ....
I believe that was typo.

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2016, 09:39
B is a wrong option as "a number" denote plural sense. "IS " mentioned in the first sentence making the sentence in singular. The answer D is correct as "HAS" is used.

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2016, 11:05
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching
(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached
(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

Here's my take on the question (fixed the typo in D.)

First, from the original sentence there are two mistakes with SVA.
1. THE NUMBER of [...] HAVE grown (the number here refers to a specific number, thus it must be singular. The verb does not agree)
2. THE NUMBER of [...] ARE at (same reason with 1.)

From the question analysis we can eliminate A. From then on we look at the remaining choices.

B) sounds very awkward, so let's eliminate it.

We're left with C, D, and E that uses the colon to explain the first part of the sentence. Since the colon is introduce, it is not necessary to use the words such as 'since'. Additionally, C and E changed the meaning of the sentence by constructing it as along the lines of 'students are growing in number'. To me that sounds very weird. It makes sense more to actively say a/the number are/is growing.

Therefore, we can quickly eliminate C and E.

The answer choice through the process of elimination is D. D resolves the issue of SVA and does not have unnecessary words or awkward construction.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2016, 19:03
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(D) enrollment: the number of student in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

E is incorrect :

students in public schools have grown steadily in number and are at a record high. For the second verb "are", the subject is students and not number. That makes it.

students are at a record high while it should be " The number of students are at record high."

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2017, 07:28
Here is how I eliminate answer choices:

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at (cannot be plural )

(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching (wrong)

(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached (cannot be plural)

(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached

(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at (cannot be plural)

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2017, 22:37
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at - Subject verb agreement - The number ..has
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching - illogical -- 'a number of students' is incorrect; it has two possible interpretations, neither of which makes any sense:
(1) the idiomatic expression 'a number of', roughly equivalent to 'several' - meaning that several students have gotten fatter and fatter and fatter;
(2) 'a number' of students - meaning some random, arbitrary number of students.

(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached - can't follow a colon with since/although/etc. + clause. (if the second part starts with something like 'since', it should be introduced with a comma, not a colon.) 'grown steadily in number' is also awkward.

(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached - Correct

(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at - changes meaning -- students themselves are not growing in number

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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 10:48
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.. Incorrect. Not parallel

(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching.. Incorrect.. not a number but the number.

(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached..Incorrect (students are not grouwing..their numbers are)

(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached .. Correct

(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at.. Incorrect. students are not at record high..their numbers are.

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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2017, 20:19
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at - “the number of the students” is a singular subject and hence, 'have' and 'are' are incorrect verbs for the subject
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching - 'with' is unnecessary, “reaching a record high” is not correct ; usage of a number is incorrect since a number can mean either several or some arbitrary number of
(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached- suggests that “students” have “reached a record high”; usage of since after a colon
(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached - Correct
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at - suggests that “students” have “reached a record high”.

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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is   [#permalink] 15 Nov 2017, 20:19

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