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Past participle as a verb modifier?

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Past participle as a verb modifier? [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2013, 15:55
Hi All,

Am I right that a past participle can never be a verb modifer? If the verb-ed form is used as a modifier, it has to be a noun modifier, right?

Cheers,
Ray
If you have any questions
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Manhattan GMAT Instructor
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Re: Past participle as a verb modifier? [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2013, 15:05
Generally speaking, participle phrases (both -ed and -ing forms of participles) will be noun modifiers.
--Exhausted from running the marathon, Tom slept for 18 hours. -or- Tom, exhausted from running the marathon, slept for 18 hours.
--Working until nearly midnight, Sarah finally finished her school project. -or- Sarah, working until nearly midnight, finally finished her school project.
[The participle phrases modify the nouns they touch, either the leading or trailing nouns.]

The exception is when we have comma + 'ing' participles, in which case these modifiers will often be adverbial modifiers.
Dennis left work 15 minutes late, forcing him to run to catch the train.
[This participle phrase is adverbial and modifies the preceding clause, giving the result of the clause.]

So, yes, if you are dealing with a past participle modifier (-ed form) it will function as a noun modifier.

KW
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Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah

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Intern
Joined: 02 Oct 2013
Posts: 5
Location: New Zealand
Schools: HBS '17 (S)
GMAT 1: 740 Q51 V38
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 2

Re: Past participle as a verb modifier? [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 02:11
KyleWiddison wrote:
Generally speaking, participle phrases (both -ed and -ing forms of participles) will be noun modifiers.
--Exhausted from running the marathon, Tom slept for 18 hours. -or- Tom, exhausted from running the marathon, slept for 18 hours.
--Working until nearly midnight, Sarah finally finished her school project. -or- Sarah, working until nearly midnight, finally finished her school project.
[The participle phrases modify the nouns they touch, either the leading or trailing nouns.]

The exception is when we have comma + 'ing' participles, in which case these modifiers will often be adverbial modifiers.
Dennis left work 15 minutes late, forcing him to run to catch the train.
[This participle phrase is adverbial and modifies the preceding clause, giving the result of the clause.]

So, yes, if you are dealing with a past participle modifier (-ed form) it will function as a noun modifier.

KW

Hi Kyle,

Now I understand better how the present participle became a adverbial modifier. Mike provided me with an example here:
The stocks of XYZ Corporation plummeted yesterday, caused by the falling price of gold.

I think it makes perfect sense but would be great if you can share some thoughts on it too.

Again really appreciate your help and wish you a Happy New Year.

Cheers,
Ray
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Re: Past participle as a verb modifier? [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 14:45
I agree with Mike in his post. That construction does make sense, but it's hard to think of a GMAT example using that structure (I would be interested to know if anyone has a GMAT example).

What you should notice from Mike's example is that it's structurally similar to the previous example of present participles becoming adverbial modifiers. If you understand that structure (clause + comma + participle) then you will be prepared in the rare event that one of these comes up for you on the GMAT.

KW

Happy New Year!
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Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah

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Re: Past participle as a verb modifier? [#permalink]

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07 May 2016, 05:27
Hi Kyle,
Below is an example from OG:

Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of other wild and domestic resources.

Can you please put some light on this.
Re: Past participle as a verb modifier?   [#permalink] 07 May 2016, 05:27
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