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# People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's

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Manager
Joined: 26 May 2009
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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2009, 22:56
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:20) correct 27% (01:43) wrong based on 415 sessions

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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.

It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?

(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2009, 00:00
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acer2knight wrote:
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
Out of scope
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
Headlines and coverage I think are different, so can't be sure.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
News headlines (more local news) ==>attention of the readers for more local crimes==>estimate more likely to occur crimes in the local area. As this option suggets.

(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
Personal experience is not mentioned in the stimuli.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.
This is an assumption needed, but can't be just concluded from 2 premises. Though need more clarity on it. Anyone?

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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2009, 13:10
acer2knight wrote:
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.

I would say (C). From what we know, perceived likelihood of occurrence is caused by two variables: strength of coverage, & frequency of coverage. Right now, we know that newspapers' coverage of local crime is stronger than that of non-local crime, nothing is said about frequency of coverage, so we can't assume anything about it. However, all else being equal, we can assume that people tend to think the quantity of local crime outnumbers that of non-local crimes.

A - This is a value judgment that is way out of scope.
B - No, local CRIME is covered more than int'l events, not local events. Crime (hopefully) isn't the only event.
D - Out of scope, this is a comparison of local crime coverage Vs. other events & non-local crimes. Something can be local, but it might not be personal.
E - The original info is a comparison between what the press covers, it is not a comparison of the press to other mediums of information, which this choice suggests.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2009, 14:24
IMO C

It is the most logical and is based on both the statements in the stem.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2010, 10:00
I answered E but later realized that E is tough as it says "the press is the news medium that focuses people's attention..."

Be careful! It says in the first sentence of the premise : "People tend to estimate"

Estimation of a person is weaker than something that forces you to focus on it.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2011, 20:17
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10. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
A. The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
B. The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
C. Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
D. None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people's minds as their own personal experiences.
E. The press is the news medium that focuses people's attention most strongly on local crimes.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2011, 20:00
But could you please explain why it is C and not E ? Am confused.
Thanks
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2011, 22:35
^ For E to be true, we need information about the frequency of local crimes. If there are only 2 to 3 local crimes per month, will that be sufficient for E ?
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2011, 07:04
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E uses extreme language. While it may be true that the press focuses people's attention most strongly on local crimes, it may not necessarily be so. This is not mandatory. Hence E is out.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2011, 06:35
According to the passage the press gives more emphasis on local crimes compared to crimes elsewhere. so basically we are comparing local crimes and non local crimes.
based on the passage we cannot say for sure if local crimes are given "most" of the focus. they might be reserving most of their focus on sports/fashion/international affairs , etc.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 01:28
C

POE
A,D,E
B could be but it deviates from the statement
C states the obvious which is the answer
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2015, 11:20
What is wrong with B?

Just that it is referring the word coverage, which is not mentioned in the stimulus???

Pls help!!
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2015, 20:56
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Yes, you are right. The word mentioned in the argument is that newspapers "emphasize" local events. The papers might cover other events but the emphasis is more on local events. So "B" is out because of the word "coverage".
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2017, 15:51
Yes, you are right. The word mentioned in the argument is that newspapers "emphasize" local events. The papers might cover other events but the emphasis is more on local events. So "B" is out because of the word "coverage".

I fail to choose the correct answer because I do not fully understand the English word "coverage". Poor me.
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 07:03
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's  [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2018, 14:01
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event's &nbs [#permalink] 04 Nov 2018, 14:01
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