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People who live unusually long tend to have been lean young

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New post 09 Jan 2005, 19:22
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A
B
C
D
E

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People who live unusually long tend to have been lean young adults who went on to gain approximately one pound every year, so lean young adults can improve their chances of living a long life by gaining about a pound every year.
A flaw in the argument above is that it

(A) gives reasons for the truth of its conclusion that presuppose the truth of that conclusion
(B) proceeds as though a condition that by itself is enough to guarantee a certain result must always be present for that result to be achieved
(C) assumes without proof that two phenomena that occur together share an underlying cause
(D) concludes that one phenomenon is the cause of another when at most what has been established is an association between them
(E) fails to recognize that a tendency widely shared by a subgroup within a given population will not necessarily be widely shared by that population as a whole
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New post 10 Jan 2005, 03:32
I believe that OA should be 'C'.
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Vipin Gupta

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New post 10 Jan 2005, 04:57
I will do with D.

"concludes that one phenomenon is the cause of another when at most what has been established is an association between them":
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New post 10 Jan 2005, 09:22
my choice is D and this one is a pure correlation play. Boy, can anyone explain what choice B is trying to say
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New post 10 Jan 2005, 10:01
OA is D...for those who answered correctly please explain why the answer.What´s wrong with E?
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New post 10 Jan 2005, 11:05
Janice, The argument says that "lean young adults can improve their chances of living a long life by gaining about a pound every year" - this statement says that it only improves their chances of living a long life, it does not say for certain that they will live a long life, so it does take into account that a tendency shared by a given subgroup of population will not be shared by the population as a whole.
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New post 10 Jan 2005, 11:36
rthothad wrote:
Janice, The argument says that "lean young adults can improve their chances of living a long life by gaining about a pound every year" - this statement says that it only improves their chances of living a long life, it does not say for certain that they will live a long life, so it does take into account that a tendency shared by a given subgroup of population will not be shared by the population as a whole.


nice explanation with details
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New post 11 Sep 2005, 19:11
What is wrong with AC B? Any legit explanations on whats wrong with B?
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New post 11 Sep 2005, 21:02
I think it's D...
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People who live unusually long tend to have been lean young

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