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# People with serious financial problems are so worried about

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Senior Manager
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Updated on: 17 Jul 2013, 21:24
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:23) correct 46% (01:26) wrong based on 753 sessions

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People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.

Originally posted by Vavali on 25 Mar 2008, 08:51.
Last edited by mau5 on 17 Jul 2013, 21:24, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems  [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2008, 08:08
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1
I think it's E.

(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.

B may not be right because their family and friends might have serious financial problems that cause them to be unhappy as well.
##### General Discussion
Manager
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2008, 09:27
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(E), although my initial thought was (B)

(B) sounds right because it's somewhat stated in the conclusion of the argument. But the word "will" is too extreme because the argument uses the word "can".

(E) sounds right because of the inference rule that A->B, then !B->!A.
So serious financial problems -> not happy, then
happy -> no serious financial problems
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Re: CR People with serious financial problems  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2008, 19:14
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I said E.

Inferred --> Means we should hit the premises.....Premise..People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy.

People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy. --> Best Answer
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems. We can infer that people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems....If they did have serious financial problems, they could not be happy.
Manager
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16 Sep 2009, 07:49
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I would go with E.

Premise 1:
People with serious financial problem -----> People Not Happy

Premise 2:
People and those around them happy ------> Financial problems solved

E is same as premise 1

People Happy ------> People don't have serious financial problems.

I am not sure if this kind of reasoning appears in GMAT.
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16 Sep 2009, 17:26
E...as if one has serious financial problems, they can't be happy, so if they are happy they dont have serious financial problems.
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16 Sep 2009, 17:28
can't be B or C as the original sentence says if they have financial problems, and they solve it, they can be happy, but not necessarily..."will be" sounds too definite..
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Re: CR : financial problems  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2009, 13:29
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People with serious financial problems -> worried ->cannot be happy->family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well.
Only if financial problems are solved-> those around them happy.

Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.

OA E
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Re: CR : financial problems  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2009, 13:33
1
Similar to

If X then Y ==> If not Y, then not X.

X=serious financial problems
Y=not happy.
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Re: CR : financial problems  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2009, 10:14
can some one explain "Only IF"
wat are the necessary and sufficient conditions here
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Re: CR : financial problems  [#permalink]

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08 May 2011, 09:48
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B cannot be the right answer , here is the explanation

conclusion :Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy

B states : People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.

there is clear difference between can and will, and a trap is present here , need to look closely.There can be several reasons for not being happy , besides financial problems.

E states : If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.

this is logical , as the premise is : People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy .

so to be happy 1 necessary (but not sufficient) condition is to not have serious financial problems.
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13 Mar 2012, 00:32
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People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?

(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.

e is the best here
let me try to explain situation with B,
if you go through the part in bold you can see never in the argument it has been mentioned " X is happy if he solves his problem"
its only mentioned that their problems are solved not that they solve their problem I prefer to say its shell game types answer.
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16 Jul 2013, 06:56
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I have a doubt in this question:

This question has two "if-then" relations.
Premise : Serious Financial Problems (SFP) ----> Not Happy ( H not)
Conclusion : SFP not -----> Happy

Now, as I read somewhere that the correct inference of if X---->then Y ,is, if not Y----->then not X (Please correct me if this concept is incorrect)
option D says : Happy not------> SFP ,which correctly infers the conclusion.
option E says : Happy-----> SFP not, which correctly infers the premise.

Can someone please identify and highlight the error in application of the concept or the concept itself I mentioned?
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16 Jul 2013, 07:05
nitin6305 wrote:
I have a doubt in this question:

This question has two "if-then" relations.
Premise : Serious Financial Problems (SFP) ----> Not Happy ( H not)
Conclusion : SFP not -----> Happy

Now, as I read somewhere that the correct inference of if X---->then Y ,is, if not Y----->then not X (Please correct me if this concept is incorrect)
option D says : Happy not------> SFP ,which correctly infers the conclusion.
option E says : Happy-----> SFP not, which correctly infers the premise.

Can someone please identify and highlight the error in application of the concept or the concept itself I mentioned?

SFP is not the only cause of unhappiness.

(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
they could be unhappy because of other reasons as well (their team lost, and so on...), not ONLY because of sfp.

E is correct because the presence of happiness excludes the presence of SFP ( because if they were present they would NOT be happy).
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems.
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17 Jul 2013, 21:19
@Zarrolou

I may be the saying the same thing, but want to check whether my approach is fine.

"Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy." ==> Necessary condition

implies that for a person to be happy, he must not have any serious financial difficulties.

So (E) => If a person is happy, then he must have crossed the necessary condition i.e. he does not face any serious financial problems.

"People with serious financial problems cannot be happy." ==> One of the factors to be unhappy

(D) => if people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems => one of the factors so they may have/not have financial problems => CAN'T INFER
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17 Jul 2013, 23:15
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Gian wrote:
@Zarrolou

I may be the saying the same thing, but want to check whether my approach is fine.

"Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy." ==> Necessary condition

implies that for a person to be happy, he must not have any serious financial difficulties.

So (E) => If a person is happy, then he must have crossed the necessary condition i.e. he does not face any serious financial problems.

"People with serious financial problems cannot be happy." ==> One of the factors to be unhappy

(D) => if people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems => one of the factors so they may have/not have financial problems => CAN'T INFER

Perfect.
Because we do not not if SFP is the ONLY cause of unhappiness, D is incorrect (there could be other factors).
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17 Nov 2014, 08:12
People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy. -> No! No one defines a serious Problem in this Argument.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy. -> They CAN.
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy. -> They COULD.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems. -> No.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems. -> denial test. If People are happy, they do have serious ... Denial test agrees. Also, they can be happy if they don't got serious financial Problems. So if they are happy, they can't have any serioues financial Problems.
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06 Aug 2016, 00:38
Not sure how E is answer, it should be B.

If financial problems --> Not Happy
Only If Solve Financial Problems --> Happy

E says If happy --> No financial problems. It is never said in the arugment.
B says solve financial problems --> Happy.

E would be correct if stimulas says "Solving finacial problems only/sufficient to be one happy"

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06 Aug 2016, 22:02
I think B is very loose. As people are having issues with B, I will address this:

(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.

Premise :people with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy.

this statement should not be taken for people without serious financial problems are happy. There could be other reason that are making them unhappy. So we can't say people without Financial problem are happy in general.

Furthermore, I think we need a conditional sentence.

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31 Oct 2016, 02:09
also took B but shifted to E

B is too strong in comparision with argument conclusion.
We can say that if people happy they do not have serious financial problem because premise strongly says:
"People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy"

E
Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about   [#permalink] 31 Oct 2016, 02:09

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