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# People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high

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Manager
Joined: 21 May 2011
Posts: 169
People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Oct 2018, 02:32
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:52) correct 38% (02:12) wrong based on 168 sessions

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People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often highly articulate and sensitive. Not uncommonly, they are gifted in music and possess rich vocabularies. Yet these same people, because of their lack of ability in basic arithmetic and difficulty in distinguishing left from right, are misleadingly labeled mentally retarded. As evaluated by conventional means such as IQ tests, their intelligence is no higher than that of people with Down's syndrome, despite the fact that people with Down's syndrome have uniformly limited cognitive abilities and show no specialized aptitudes.

The author is arguing that

A. conventional methods of measuring intelligence, such as IQ tests, are inadequate for evaluating people with certain mental conditions such as Williams syndrome

B. people with Down's syndrome usually have less verbal and musical ability, but more mathematical and spatial ability, than do people with Williams syndrome

C. conventional methods of measuring intelligence tend to consider basic mathematical and spatial ability to be more important than verbal and musical skills

D. people with Williams syndrome are only rarely given the opportunity to develop their unique musical and verbal abilities

E. people with Williams syndrome need greater encouragement if they are to develop their mathematical and spatial skills

Originally posted by bschool83 on 10 Jul 2011, 06:57.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Oct 2018, 02:32, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2011, 11:33
i am confused between A and C.

But i think A is more powerful answer. if its correct i will write my view.
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Joined: 21 May 2011
Posts: 169
Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2011, 11:42
1
Keyword is "misleadingly labeled". Since, people with Williams syndrome are misleadingly labeled mentally retarded, IQ tests are inadequate since these tests do not evaluate the cognitive or special talents. Hence A is correct.
Intern
Joined: 06 Jun 2011
Posts: 20
Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2011, 13:42
A
are misleadingly labeled mentally retarded. As evaluated by conventional means such as IQ tests, their intelligence is no higher than that of people with Down's syndrome,
Manager
Joined: 15 Sep 2009
Posts: 186
Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2012, 04:05
1
This is a Main Point/Conclusion type question, whose correct answer may have the following characteristics:

1) It captures the argument in its entirety
2) It is a Must be true/Accurate Inference
3) It paraphrases the conclusion

Answer choices that do not capture the author's total point or merely capture a segment of the author's point are wrong. Answer choice C is an example of such a wrong answer choice. While it can be inferred from the stimulus that "conventional methods of measuring intelligence tend to consider basic mathematical and spatial ability to be more important than verbal and musical skills", the main point of the argument has to do with William's Syndrome, which is totally ignored by Answer choice C.

The correct answer is A, as it fulfills the above-mentioned prerequisites, namely:
1) It captures the argument in its entirety
2) It is a Must be true/Accurate Inference
3) It paraphrases the conclusion

Cheers,
Der alte Fritz
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Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 22:44
A no doubt. The usage of "uniformly" knocks C out of contention in my opinion. A is tough as it seems to generalize, but is not incorrect.
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Posts: 542
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GMAT 1: 200 Q1 V1
GPA: 3.82
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People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Oct 2018, 20:44
Different version of same question :

https://gmatclub.com/forum/people-with- ... l#p2151727

Moderators may link the 2 discussions.
_________________
Everything will fall into place…

There is perfect timing for
everything and everyone.
Never doubt, But Work on
improving yourself,
Keep the faith and
It will all make sense.

Originally posted by Helium on 13 Oct 2018, 00:50.
Last edited by Helium on 13 Oct 2018, 20:44, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2018, 00:50
This is an Inference question that asks which of the following conclusions is best supported by the claims in the passage. The author says that conventional intelligence tests mis-evaluate people with Williams syndrome because they're poor at math and can't distinguish left from right. The author notes that people with Williams syndrome are often gifted in other areas, such as language and music. The conventional tests don't do a good job of evaluating the people with Williams syndrome and similar disorders because they fail to identify the special abilities these people possess. Therefore, (A) is correct.

(B) makes an unwarranted comparison between people with Williams Syndrome and people with other intellectual disabilities regarding their relative abilities in music and language and in math and spatial reasoning. Because the passage addresses IQ tests only insofar as they are unable to accurately measure the abilities of people with Williams Syndrome, the claim (C) makes about what traditional IQ tests consider important is unsupported. (D) is incorrect because the idea that society benefits from the special abilities of people Williams Syndrome is never mentioned. And, (E) is wrong because the author never suggests that the mathematical and spatial skills of people with Williams syndrome either can or should be developed.
_________________
Everything will fall into place…

There is perfect timing for
everything and everyone.
Never doubt, But Work on
improving yourself,
Keep the faith and
It will all make sense.
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59561
Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2019, 01:40
bschool83 wrote:
People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often highly articulate and sensitive. Not uncommonly, they are gifted in music and possess rich vocabularies. Yet these same people, because of their lack of ability in basic arithmetic and difficulty in distinguishing left from right, are misleadingly labeled mentally retarded. As evaluated by conventional means such as IQ tests, their intelligence is no higher than that of people with Down's syndrome, despite the fact that people with Down's syndrome have uniformly limited cognitive abilities and show no specialized aptitudes.

The author is arguing that

A. conventional methods of measuring intelligence, such as IQ tests, are inadequate for evaluating people with certain mental conditions such as Williams syndrome

B. people with Down's syndrome usually have less verbal and musical ability, but more mathematical and spatial ability, than do people with Williams syndrome

C. conventional methods of measuring intelligence tend to consider basic mathematical and spatial ability to be more important than verbal and musical skills

D. people with Williams syndrome are only rarely given the opportunity to develop their unique musical and verbal abilities

E. people with Williams syndrome need greater encouragement if they are to develop their mathematical and spatial skills

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

A

The author says that conventional methods of measuring intelligence, such as IQ tests, classify people with Williams syndrome as retarded, on a par with Down's syndrome sufferers, because they're poor at math and can't tell left from right. He calls this label "misleading," pointing out that people with Williams syndrome are often gifted in other areas, such as language and music, whereas Down's syndrome sufferers have limited abilities in all areas. His point in telling us this is that the conventional tests don't do a good job of evaluating the people with Williams syndrome, since they miss the gifts that these people have. That's (A): His argument is that conventional intelligence tests can't accurately measure people with disorders like Williams syndrome.

When you're asked for the author's point, be careful not to be misled by choices that simply restate a part of the author's argument. For instance, (B) may or may not be true (it's not stated by the author), but it's not the author's main point. He compares the two syndromes to make another point, about the failure of conventional intelligence tests. (C) is closer: the author seems to imply (C), but this isn't what he's trying to prove. It's merely a piece of his argument, something that he implies on the way to making his point about the failure of intelligence tests to measure people with Williams syndrome. (D) discusses what might happen when people with Williams syndrome are diagnosed as mentally retarded, but the author's focus is on the mislabeling itself, not on its possible results. Like (C), (D) seems reasonably inferable from the argument, but isn't the point of the argument. As for (E), the author never suggests that the mathematical and spatial skills of people with Williams syndrome either can or should be developed.
Re: People with Williams syndrome, a rare mental condition, are often high   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2019, 01:40
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