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# Phrase OR Clause?

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Intern
Joined: 10 Jan 2012
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09 Apr 2012, 01:21
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Hi,

Can please anyone tell me which one of the following sentence is a phrase and why?

A). with murals that are brilliantly colored.
B). their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography.
C). their styles vary among women and houses.

Thanks!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Yodee

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perfect plan executed next week.’

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Last edited by yodeepak on 09 Apr 2012, 02:32, edited 1 time in total.

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09 Apr 2012, 01:29
hi Yodeepak,

The basic definition of a phrase is a group of words that plays a particular grammatical role in a sentence. And these phrases can be of different types. Noun phrase, prepositional phrase etc. Now, IMO all the above sentences are phrases.

Any other opinions any please ?

Hope this helps.
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09 Apr 2012, 05:58
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The acid test of a clause is the working verb in it. Any verb that is just part of a prepositional accompaniment or participial phrase does not make a clause. As such

A). with murals that are brilliantly colored.-------‘That are brilliantlty colored; is an accompaniment of the preposition ‘with’ and thus is a part of the prepositional phrase.

B). their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography.------ ‘Embellished’ is a past participle and not a full - fledged verb and hence a phrase.

C). their styles vary among women and houses.---- Vary is a working verb – Therefore this is a clause.
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10 Apr 2012, 01:23
Hi daagh,

I think you have correctly captured the essence of phrase and clause.

Thanks
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‘A good plan violently executed now is better than a
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24 Jun 2014, 03:42
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daagh wrote:
The acid test of a clause is the working verb in it. Any verb that is just part of a prepositional accompaniment or participial phrase does not make a clause. As such

A). with murals that are brilliantly colored.-------‘That are brilliantlty colored; is an accompaniment of the preposition ‘with’ and thus is a part of the prepositional phrase.

B). their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography.------ ‘Embellished’ is a past participle and not a full - fledged verb and hence a phrase.

C). their styles vary among women and houses.---- Vary is a working verb – Therefore this is a clause.

I keep on reading that the past participle (-ed form) can not be acting verb in itself. Can an expert elaborate on this concept?

Sachin Tendulkar scored a ton in the last match.
Harry potter killed the "whose name can not be spoken" finally.
(Scored/ killed should is a proper verb, ain't they? )
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24 Jun 2014, 04:43
sameer_kalra wrote:
I keep on reading that the past participle (-ed form) can not be acting verb in itself. Can an expert elaborate on this concept?

Sachin Tendulkar scored a ton in the last match.
Harry potter killed the "whose name can not be spoken" finally.
(Scored/ killed should is a proper verb, ain't they? )

Yes they are, and hence, they are verbs here, not participles. The entire confusion arises because of what are called regular verbs in English grammar. For regular verbs, both, simple past (verb) and past participle end in -ed, thereby making the taking of distinguishing between verb and past participle slightly tricky.

p.s. Difference between simple past and past participle has been discussed in detail in our book. If you can PM me your mail id, I can send the corresponding section to you.
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27 Dec 2015, 18:45
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Re: Phrase OR Clause?   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2015, 18:45
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