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# “Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be exp

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“Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be exp  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2019, 03:47
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (02:24) correct 37% (02:52) wrong based on 98 sessions

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“Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be explainable in neurobiological terms. Achieving this goal requires knowledge of neurons and their basic functions, a knowledge of how neurons interact, and a delineation of the psychological faculties to be explained. At present, there is a substantial amount of fundamental knowledge about the basic functions of neurons, and the scope and character of such psychological capacities as visual perception and memory are well understood. Thus, as the physicalists claim, mental functions are bound to receive explanations in neurobiological terms in the near future.

Which one of the following indicates an error in the reasoning in the passage?

(A) The conclusion contradicts the claim of the physicalists.

(B) The passage fails to describe exactly what is currently known about the basic functions of neurons.

(C) The word “neurobiological” is used as though it had the same meaning as the word “mental.”

(D) The argument does not indicate whether it would be useful to explain mental functions in neurobiological terms.

(E) The passage does not indicate that any knowledge has been achieved about how neurons interact.

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Re: “Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be exp  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2019, 04:45
“Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be explainable in neurobiological terms. Achieving this goal requires knowledge of neurons and their basic functions, a knowledge of how neurons interact, and a delineation of the psychological faculties to be explained. At present, there is a substantial amount of fundamental knowledge about the basic functions of neurons, and the scope and character of such psychological capacities as visual perception and memory are well understood. Thus, as the physicalists claim, mental functions are bound to receive explanations in neurobiological terms in the near future.

Which one of the following indicates an error in the reasoning in the passage?

(A) The conclusion contradicts the claim of the physicalists.

(B) The passage fails to describe exactly what is currently known about the basic functions of neurons.

(C) The word “neurobiological” is used as though it had the same meaning as the word “mental.”

(D) The argument does not indicate whether it would be useful to explain mental functions in neurobiological terms.

(E) The passage does not indicate that any knowledge has been achieved about how neurons interact.

I hope it's E because there is a list of requirements, requirements that will together contribute to the goal, and have info about some entities in the list, but no info regarding interaction of neurons.
Please correct me if I am wrong
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Re: “Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be exp  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2019, 04:59
Of the three requirements two are talked about in the stimulus, but no mention of how neurons interact is made. So E appears the most logical

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Re: “Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be exp  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2019, 04:59
Of the three requirements two are talked about in the stimulus, but no mention of how neurons interact is made. So E appears the most logical

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Re: “Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be exp  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2019, 15:54
“Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be explainable in neurobiological terms. Achieving this goal requires knowledge of neurons and their basic functions, a knowledge of how neurons interact, and a delineation of the psychological faculties to be explained. At present, there is a substantial amount of fundamental knowledge about the basic functions of neurons, and the scope and character of such psychological capacities as visual perception and memory are well understood. Thus, as the physicalists claim, mental functions are bound to receive explanations in neurobiological terms in the near future.

Which one of the following indicates an error in the reasoning in the passage?

(A) The conclusion contradicts the claim of the physicalists.

(B) The passage fails to describe exactly what is currently known about the basic functions of neurons.

(C) The word “neurobiological” is used as though it had the same meaning as the word “mental.”

(D) The argument does not indicate whether it would be useful to explain mental functions in neurobiological terms.

(E) The passage does not indicate that any knowledge has been achieved about how neurons interact.

A B and D are easy out.
The choice is between C and E. Upon verifying choice C, you will find that author uses mental functions both in the beginning and at the end so that confirm we are keeping the same meaning only.

Hence Choice E
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Re: “Physicalists” expect that ultimately all mental functions will be exp   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2019, 15:54
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