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# Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them

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Math Expert
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Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 04:10
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95% (hard)

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44% (02:29) correct 56% (02:35) wrong based on 156 sessions

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Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them to predict at what age a woman will experience menopause. The scientists use a model that compares a woman’s ovaries to “average” ovaries to see whether her ovaries are aging faster or more slowly than average. They have discovered that the size of ovaries is directly related to the number of eggs they contain, which in turn is directly related to fertility. This discovery will significantly influence women’s decisions on when to have children.

The physician’s conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Women with smaller ovaries tend to have less success with assisted reproduction techniques, such as in vitro fertilization.

(B) Most women experience menopause around the age of 50, but their fertility starts to decline at the age of 37.

(C) Women who want to have children increasingly seek to delay doing so for many varied reasons.

(D) The test cannot tell women how likely they are to conceive in the years just prior to menopause.

(E) Every woman is born with several million eggs in her ovaries, which formed while she was a fetus; the number of eggs dwindles over her lifetime, until at menopause she has 1,000 or fewer.

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Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 Feb 2019, 06:44
1
Conclusion: THIS (premise) discovery will significantly influence women’s decisions on when to have children.
Assumption: Women are looking for researches on when to have children for some reason OR Women's decision about when to have children is based on some factors.

Only choice C fits in.

[Edit: Sorry I had previously written D instead of C]

Originally posted by grtmaddy00 on 15 Feb 2019, 22:10.
Last edited by grtmaddy00 on 16 Feb 2019, 06:44, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 22:51
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Option C should be correct.

If we negate the Option C , "The women do not seek to delay " , then it will weaken the argument .

D. "conceive and menopause" this is out of context ( though not sure on it , will be more happy to see alternate opinion to eliminate D.)
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Re: Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them  [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2019, 05:32
MartyTargetTestPrep VeritasPrepBrian DmitryFarber chetan2u Abhishek009

I am highly doubtful about the answer choice C
Please evalutae my analysis :

Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them to predict at what age a woman will experience menopause. The scientists use a model that compares a woman’s ovaries to “average” ovaries to see whether her ovaries are aging faster or more slowly than average. They have discovered that the size of ovaries is directly related to the number of eggs they contain, which in turn is directly related to fertility. This discovery will significantly influence women’s decisions on when to have children.

Understand :
Premise: test = a what age menapause
methodology : compare size of ovaries to avg ovaries
reasoining for the methodology : size = no. of eggs = fertility (chances of getting pregu)
Conclusion : Discovery will SIGNIFICANTLY INFLUENCE women's decisions on when to have to children
Now this does not say women are thinking abou having chidren sooner or later !!!

Think : There are a lot of logical jumps here !!! with te help of test we get to know the fertility (high low) ... but do we know knowing fertility helps in making desion about getting pregu?? whatever the fertility a woman can still get pregnant !! IF WE USE our own biology knowegde then women can hold bcak from having intercourse if they know they have ahigh fertility !! BUt the catch is we do not have any link or explicit or implicit info that women talked about in this passage are aware about the link between fertiliyb and chances of getting pregnant !!!

so we have to show a link between knowlegde of fertility and decsion making !!
also what if women already hav an idea of making a decision based on some other test or just general knowlegde !! if this is so then the deciion making changing SIGNIFICANTLY would not hold true !!!

The physician’s conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Women with smaller ovaries tend to have less success with assisted reproduction techniques, such as in vitro fertilization.
- too specific

(B) Most women experience menopause around the age of 50, but their fertility starts to decline at the age of 37.
- OUT OF SCOPE ...general knowlegde

(C) Women who want to have children increasingly seek to delay doing so for many varied reasons.
- Now this is 1 scenraio of the assumption we need !! assumption being :women are concerned about making a decision about pregnancy !! but just talking about "delay" is very very specific which does not encapsulate the scope of the conclsuion !!
- even if we negate it !! what about the case where women want to know how SOON they can get pregnant or have chikdren !!

(D) The test cannot tell women how likely they are to conceive in the years just prior to menopause.
- OUT OF SCOPE ... what the test additionally would do or would not is not our concern !! we are talking about the feature of tetst which ntends to tell us what age will women have meopoause !!! what happens earlier is not our concern !! If the women had knowldge about the menopause and the link to the pregnancy from another source then "substantially" influence part WOULD not hold true !!!

(E) Every woman is born with several million eggs in her ovaries, which formed while she was a fetus; the number of eggs dwindles over her lifetime, until at menopause she has 1,000 or fewer.
- general info !!

Assumption questions do not fal under "best answer" ...we need a concrete answer !!
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Re: Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2019, 03:47
Bunuel wrote:
Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them to predict at what age a woman will experience menopause. The scientists use a model that compares a woman’s ovaries to “average” ovaries to see whether her ovaries are aging faster or more slowly than average. They have discovered that the size of ovaries is directly related to the number of eggs they contain, which in turn is directly related to fertility. This discovery will significantly influence women’s decisions on when to have children.

The physician’s conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Women with smaller ovaries tend to have less success with assisted reproduction techniques, such as in vitro fertilization.

(B) Most women experience menopause around the age of 50, but their fertility starts to decline at the age of 37.

(C) Women who want to have children increasingly seek to delay doing so for many varied reasons.

(D) The test cannot tell women how likely they are to conceive in the years just prior to menopause.

(E) Every woman is born with several million eggs in her ovaries, which formed while she was a fetus; the number of eggs dwindles over her lifetime, until at menopause she has 1,000 or fewer.

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

C. Women who want to have children increasingly seek to delay doing so for many varied reasons.

The conclusion is that predicting when menopause will occur will make a difference to women planning when to have children, which must mean that not knowing when menopause will occur makes it difficult to plan. Choice (A) is wrong because it doesn’t explain why predicting menopause will help anyone. Choice (B) just provides general information about menopause. Choice (C) may be right — it provides a reason that women would benefit from knowing when they will experience menopause (they’re delaying longer, so they need to know how long is too long to delay). Choice (D) isn’t relevant because the argument is about how accurately predicting the onset of menopause affects childbearing decisions, not how likely a woman is to conceive in the years immediately prior to menopause. Choice (E) is just information about ovaries, not an explanation of how this test will help make family planning decisions. Choice (C) is the best answer.
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Re: Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2019, 03:47
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# Physician: Scottish researchers have developed a test that allows them

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