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Planetary bodies differ from one another in their

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Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2007, 00:14
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Question Stats:

56% (02:18) correct 44% (02:28) wrong based on 232 sessions

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Planetary bodies differ from one another in their composition, but most of those in the Solar System have solid surfaces. Unless the core of such a planetary body generates enough heat to cause volcanic action, the surface of the body will not be renewed for millions of years. Any planetary body with a solid surface whose surface is not renewed for millions of years becomes heavily pockmarked by meteorite craters, just like the Earth’s Moon. Some old planetary bodies in the Solar System, such as Europa, a very cold moon belonging to Jupiter, have solid icy surfaces with very few meteorite craters.

If the claims above are true, which one of the following must, on the basis of them, be true?
(A) The Earth’s Moon does not have an icy surface.
(B) If a planetary body does not have a heavily pockmarked surface, its core does not generate enough heat to cause volcanic action.
(C) Some planetary bodies whose cores generate enough heat to cause volcanic action do not have solid icy surfaces.
(D) Some of Jupiter’s moons are heavily pockmarked by meteorite craters.
(E) Some very cold planetary bodies have cores that generate enough heat to cause volcanic action.

Please give reasons for ur answers...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2007, 06:27
Between C and E.
C says if X leads to Y then Y should lead to X. Not alwyas true. So C is out.
E is what I pick.

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2007, 07:04
i go for E
the stem clearly state on the basis of them"the claims"
looking at answer choices between E and C
only E can be based entirely on those claims.
Claims never talked about some volcanic bodies that do not have ice surface. But about a relation between volcanic activity and craters, here is hour link with answer E...since this icy planet has few craters then based on the claims it must have some volcanic activity thus...
Some Icy planet have volcanic activity
Hence E

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2007, 08:01
will go for C

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2007, 08:19
boubi wrote:
i go for E
the stem clearly state on the basis of them"the claims"
looking at answer choices between E and C
only E can be based entirely on those claims.
Claims never talked about some volcanic bodies that do not have ice surface. But about a relation between volcanic activity and craters, here is hour link with answer E...since this icy planet has few craters then based on the claims it must have some volcanic activity thus...
Some Icy planet have volcanic activity
Hence E


My choice is E for the same reasons.

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2007, 08:30
boubi wrote:
i go for E
the stem clearly state on the basis of them"the claims"
looking at answer choices between E and C
only E can be based entirely on those claims.
Claims never talked about some volcanic bodies that do not have ice surface. But about a relation between volcanic activity and craters, here is hour link with answer E...since this icy planet has few craters then based on the claims it must have some volcanic activity thus...
Some Icy planet have volcanic activity
Hence E


Thanks...Great Explanation!!!...OA is E.

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2007, 10:21
nice question

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2017, 05:24
A. No. Nothing of that sort is mentioned in the passage. The passage only states that Europa has an icy surface. Doesn’t mention anything about the surface of the moon as such.
B. Very narrow. We can't say for sure. There could be a variety of other reasons.
C.Again we aren't a 100% sure about this.
D.This claims the opposite of what the passage says.

E. Yes. Correct choice. Clue: Last line of the passage.

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2017, 09:38
ContraPositive into play => E

if not enough heat to cause volcanic action(A) -> the surface of the body will not be renewed for millions of years(B) -> heavily pockmarked by meteorite craters (C)

contrapositive: ~C -> ~B -> ~A

Premise: Europa, a very cold moon belonging to Jupiter, have solid icy surfaces with very few meteorite craters (~C) - negation of heavily pockmarked by meteorite creaters

~C -> ~A => Europa (very cold) with very few metorite craters (~C) -> enough heat to cause valconic action (~A) (negation of not enough heat to cause valconic action)

Answer E captures the above contrapositive nicely, by saying some very cold planetary bodies (Europa) has enough heat to cause valconic action

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Re: Planetary bodies differ from one another in their   [#permalink] 28 Dec 2017, 09:38
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