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# "plural X+preposition+singular Y, which have"-which refers X

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Re: "plural X+preposition+singular Y, which have"-which refers X [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2013, 03:05
egmat wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
although never sighted

is wrong in C. why

we can not use ellipsis here

Hi @thangvietnam,

Let’s analyze Choice C: appear on the surface of the Sun as dark spots although never sighted at: Incorrect.

1. Generally, “although” marks the presence of a dependent clause. This choice does not contain any clause after “although”. If we say that ellipsis is at work here, The SV pair that is understood is “Sunspots appear”. Notice that “sighted” is a verb-ed modifier and not verb. So we will have to say that the SV pair is understood. In this case, we have SV do not make sense issue. If we say that only “Sunspots” is understood, then the understood subject will be missing a verb. If we assume that “sighted” is the verb, then it renders the meaning illogical. So there is no possibility of ellipsis in this choice.

2. There is a meaning issue also with this choice. “although” seems to modify “Sunspots”. So now the choice suggests that Sunspots are seen on Sun’s surface but are never sighted on Sun’s pole. This is certainly changes the meaning of the sentence. Hence, this choice is incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

thank you e gmat experts.
C means

sunspots apear as dark spots although sunspots are never sighted at

why C is wrong.? pls help
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Re: "plural X+preposition+singular Y, which have"-which refers X [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2013, 02:29
@Thangvietnam...Can you please elaborate about the choice D as I really didnt see anything wrong with D

" appear as dark spots on the surface of the Sun, although never having been sighted at "

as you say had this been like

" although never having been sighted at the Sun's poles or equator, Sunspots, vortices of gas associated with strong electromagnetic activity, are visible as dark spots on the surface of the Sun"

Yes this sounds correct to me, but is it a generic rule that the modifying phrase should precede the main clause?

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Re: "plural X+preposition+singular Y, which have"-which refers X [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2015, 23:13
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: "plural X+preposition+singular Y, which have"-which refers X   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2015, 23:13

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