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# Police officers in Smith County who receive Special Weapons

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Manager
Joined: 21 May 2011
Posts: 206

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Updated on: 07 Jul 2011, 19:29
3
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (02:24) correct 48% (02:36) wrong based on 251 sessions

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Police officers in Smith County who receive Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT)
training spend considerable time in weapons instruction and practice. This time
spent developing expertise in the use of guns affects the instincts of Smith County
officers, making them too reliant on firearms. In the past year in Smith County, in
12 of the 14 cases in which police officers shot a suspect while attempting to make
an arrest, the officer involved had received SWAT training, although only five percent
of the police force as a whole in the county had received such training.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) In an adjacent county, all of the cases in which police shot suspects involved
officers with SWAT training.
(B) SWAT training stresses the need for surprise, speed, and aggression when
approaching suspects.
(C) Only 15 percent of Smith County’s SWAT training course is devoted to firearms
lessons.
(D) Among officers involved in the arrest of suspects in Smith County in the
past year, the proportion who had received SWAT training was similar to the
proportion who had received SWAT training in the police force as a whole.
(E) Some Smith County officers without SWAT training have not been on a firing
range in years.

Originally posted by bschool83 on 07 Jul 2011, 16:03.
Last edited by bschool83 on 07 Jul 2011, 19:29, edited 1 time in total.
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Joined: 28 Feb 2011
Posts: 63
Re: CR - Police officers in Smith County  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2011, 17:45
A- Its irrelevant, talks about the other county
B- This is an opposite answer, it actually weakens the argument
D- IMO is the correct answer, since the Officers who have been involved in arresting suspects in Smith County is a mix of SWAT trained and Non SWAT trained officers(as proven by this statement), the data clearly adds up to prove that officers receiving SWAT Training are more prone to use their firearms, and thus are more reliant on them.
E- Its not concerned to the arguments stated in the passage
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Posts: 206
Re: CR - Police officers in Smith County  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2011, 19:37
Threw me off a bit at first, as I didn't notice the representation. I then asked myself, does Smith County police officers represent the police force as a whole?
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Re: CR - Police officers in Smith County  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2011, 02:02
bschool83 wrote:
Police officers in Smith County who receive Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT)
training spend considerable time in weapons instruction and practice. This time
spent developing expertise in the use of guns affects the instincts of Smith County
officers, making them too reliant on firearms. In the past year in Smith County, in
12 of the 14 cases in which police officers shot a suspect while attempting to make
an arrest, the officer involved had received SWAT training, although only five percent
of the police force as a whole in the county had received such training.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) In an adjacent county, all of the cases in which police shot suspects involved
officers with SWAT training.
(B) SWAT training stresses the need for surprise, speed, and aggression when
approaching suspects.
(C) Only 15 percent of Smith County’s SWAT training course is devoted to firearms
lessons.
(D) Among officers involved in the arrest of suspects in Smith County in the
past year, the proportion who had received SWAT training was similar to the
proportion who had received SWAT training in the police force as a whole.
(E) Some Smith County officers without SWAT training have not been on a firing
range in years.

**********************************
50 were made my SWAT trained officer.
50 were made my NON-SWAT trained officer.
***********************************
12 out of 50 SWAT trained officer used weapon
Just 2 out of 50 NON-SWAT trained officer used weapon
******************************************

While "D" strengthens the argument, the argument still assumes that the kind of criminals SWAT deals with is not different from the kind non-SWAT deals with.

Think of a situation, in which
Everyone arrested by SWAT possessed weapons and attempted to fire at SWAT officers in the process of arrest. Yet, only 12 got shot. Commendable!!!
None arrested by non-SWAT possessed weapons and only showed little to no resistance toward the arrest. Don't know how the 2 got shot. Perhaps, because the non-trained officers who took the shot were jittery and confused unlike SWAT trained who are usually composed even in extreme situation.

This question is okay because an argument may take multiple assumptions.
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16 Aug 2015, 22:33
fluke wrote:
bschool83 wrote:
Police officers in Smith County who receive Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT)
training spend considerable time in weapons instruction and practice. This time
spent developing expertise in the use of guns affects the instincts of Smith County
officers, making them too reliant on firearms. In the past year in Smith County, in
12 of the 14 cases in which police officers shot a suspect while attempting to make
an arrest, the officer involved had received SWAT training, although only five percent
of the police force as a whole in the county had received such training.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) In an adjacent county, all of the cases in which police shot suspects involved
officers with SWAT training.
(B) SWAT training stresses the need for surprise, speed, and aggression when
approaching suspects.
(C) Only 15 percent of Smith County’s SWAT training course is devoted to firearms
lessons.
(D) Among officers involved in the arrest of suspects in Smith County in the
past year, the proportion who had received SWAT training was similar to the
proportion who had received SWAT training in the police force as a whole.
(E) Some Smith County officers without SWAT training have not been on a firing
range in years.

**********************************
50 were made my SWAT trained officer.
50 were made my NON-SWAT trained officer.
***********************************
12 out of 50 SWAT trained officer used weapon
Just 2 out of 50 NON-SWAT trained officer used weapon
******************************************

While "D" strengthens the argument, the argument still assumes that the kind of criminals SWAT deals with is not different from the kind non-SWAT deals with.

Think of a situation, in which
Everyone arrested by SWAT possessed weapons and attempted to fire at SWAT officers in the process of arrest. Yet, only 12 got shot. Commendable!!!
None arrested by non-SWAT possessed weapons and only showed little to no resistance toward the arrest. Don't know how the 2 got shot. Perhaps, because the non-trained officers who took the shot were jittery and confused unlike SWAT trained who are usually composed even in extreme situation.

This question is okay because an argument may take multiple assumptions.

The language of D threw me off. D mentions figure related to arrests while the argument focuses on figure related to suspects shot.
Isn't D somewhat out of scope for the argument at hand?

Regards,
SR
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18 Aug 2015, 05:27
D does say "involved in the arrest of suspects", but if you read the stem carefully, you'll see that it's talking about suspects being shot during arrests.
Manager
Joined: 01 Feb 2015
Posts: 76

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21 Jun 2017, 00:09
Hello,

Can you please state the conclusion?
According to me it is: People who have taken the SWAT training are good at shooting a suspect while attempting to make an arrest.

I did not understand how option D is correct. I also did not understand how E is incorrect.

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21 Jun 2017, 08:44
Imo D
Among officers involved in the arrest of suspects in Smith County in the
past year, the proportion who had received SWAT training was similar to the
proportion who had received SWAT training in the police force as a whole.

It is essentially a fact supporting the argument that people who receive SWAT training are more likely to use their weapons.
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09 Dec 2017, 22:36
the key point here is to spot the shift in the scope from " Smith County" to "the whole forces". => D
A, B, and E are certainly out.
C weakens the argument.
=> Using POE, ones still can choose D as the answer.
Re: Police officers in Smith County who receive Special Weapons &nbs [#permalink] 09 Dec 2017, 22:36
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