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# Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of

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Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 00:31
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Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

(A) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far

(B) still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods

(C) remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far

(D) still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods

(E) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the lack of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 00:41
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Has to be "E" in this case.

First thing to note is that "prospect OF inflation" is idiomatically correct so a few choices wade away quite early. The second part has a lot to do with the intended meaning of the sentence. We want to show "a lack of indicators" of inflation. Only option E addresses the intended meaning correctly. Also the action "Driving" has to be a gerund because of the time frame we are talking about. It is a continual action.
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 05:21
someone79 wrote:
E. But it is definitely a tough Q.

Yup. True..Imagine, the GMAT is reviewing its questions these days to host more questions that deal with the intended meaning of the sentence. I think people have already broken the code, for the lack of a better word, of the sentence correction section and therefore it is definitely going to be a bit tougher once the reviews are implemented around mid 2012.
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 07:49
omerrauf wrote:
Has to be "E" in this case.

First thing to note is that "prospect OF inflation" is idiomatically correct so a few choices wade away quite early. The second part has a lot to do with the intended meaning of the sentence. We want to show "a lack of indicators" of inflation. Only option E addresses the intended meaning correctly. Also the action "Driving" has to be a gerund because of the time frame we are talking about. It is a continual action.

I am not getting the intended meaning of this "despite the lack of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods"
the construction thus far that seems awkward so I choose A as I could eliminate E just for this awkward construction

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 10:53
A: Driving up <-- awkward
C: "prospect for" should instead be "prospect of"
D: imho, not very correct to remove "the prospect of"

E is the only one with a clear meaning

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 10:56
ruturajp wrote:
omerrauf wrote:
Has to be "E" in this case.

First thing to note is that "prospect OF inflation" is idiomatically correct so a few choices wade away quite early. The second part has a lot to do with the intended meaning of the sentence. We want to show "a lack of indicators" of inflation. Only option E addresses the intended meaning correctly. Also the action "Driving" has to be a gerund because of the time frame we are talking about. It is a continual action.

I am not getting the intended meaning of this "despite the lack of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods"
the construction thus far that seems awkward so I choose A as I could eliminate E just for this awkward construction

In my opinion, "thus far" in E is a better modifier of the noun "the lack of..", as opposed to "so far" which appears right at the end of the sentence in A.

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2012, 09:34
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Let me give it a try

Option A:
remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far

- remain concerned about the prospect of inflation <- no problem so far
- although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far <-- "so far" which is a modifier of "there are" appears at the end of the sentence. This could cause some confusions regarding which word "so far" is modifying (could be read as modifying "driving" instead)

Option E:
remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the lack of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods
- despite the lack of signs thus far that increasing energy <-- it's much clearer her that "thus far" is modifying the noun the "lack of signs". The construction of the second part of the sentence (increasing energy prices...) is also very clear.

Hence, E, in my opinion.

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2012, 01:26
Quote:
although there ‘are few signs’ of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods ‘so far’.

Of course, other things apart, and on extendibg gmatpunjabi’s query, is it grammatically correct to use a present tense verb ‘are few signs” when a categorical time frame has been indicated as ‘so far’ in the original, for which a present perfect tense, ‘have been’ should be more apt IMO. Any comments?
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2012, 15:03
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First off, I eliminated any answer choice that had "as yet" because "as yet" sounds awkward. So B and C are out.

I didn't like A because "although" is usually used at the beginning of a sentence. Usually, you use "even though" in the middle of a sentence.

So now we are left with D and E. I initially wanted to pick E but was worried that the introduction of the word "dearth" would be bad. E wins out because the policymakers are concerned about the prospects of inflation, not inflation (has not happened yet).

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2012, 16:40
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rphardu wrote:
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
(A) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
(B) still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods
(C) remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far
(D) still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods
(E) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods

Will appreciate if you can explain how to approach this question.

A) ugh, "few signs of increasing prices driving" is so confusing and awkward.
B) as yet + currently = yucky
C) as yet + so far = redundant
D) Changes the meaning (why drop the word prospect?) and still remain is redundant.
E) Yay! dearth is used absolutely correctly. This is the best answer.
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2012, 18:32
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Injuin wrote:
First off, I eliminated any answer choice that had "as yet" because "as yet" sounds awkward. So B and C are out.

I didn't like A because "although" is usually used at the beginning of a sentence. Usually, you use "even though" in the middle of a sentence.

So now we are left with D and E. I initially wanted to pick E but was worried that the introduction of the word "dearth" would be bad. E wins out because the policymakers are concerned about the prospects of inflation, not inflation (has not happened yet).

Thanks for describing your approach but there are couple of things that I would like to mention.

Not to offend buddy

1. Don't remove any choice because of as yet --
Idiom:
as yet
Up to the present time; up to now.
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/as+yet

2. Although can come later part of sentence

3. E wins out because the policymakers are concerned about the prospects of inflation, not inflation - In each choice author is talking about prospects of inflation and not inflation.

Here what i have found.

Still remain is redundant so option B and D is out.

A is out because preposition + noun + ving modifier is wrong construction.

Between C and E. I feel issue is meaning.
Author intends to say that "Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices " are driving up the cost of other goods so far" is main verb of few signs not the modifier.

Please correct me if I am wrong at any place, it will help me to improve my knowledge.
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2012, 00:34
machichi wrote:
rphardu wrote:
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
(A) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
(B) still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods
(C) remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far
(D) still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods
(E) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods

Will appreciate if you can explain how to approach this question.

A) ugh, "few signs of increasing prices driving" is so confusing and awkward.
B) as yet + currently = yucky
C) as yet + so far = redundant
D) Changes the meaning (why drop the word prospect?) and still remain is redundant.
E) Yay! dearth is used absolutely correctly. This is the best answer.

I didnt like the use of 'so far' so A and C are out.

B uses 'as yet' awkwardly so it boils down to D and E.

I chose D initially but looking at your explanation E makes sense because the policy makers are concerned about the 'prospect' of inflation, D states that inflation is already occurring.

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2012, 02:06
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Here's my take:

Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

(A) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
"so far" seems to logically modify "few signs" but they are too far apart effectively making this an awkward choice. Also, "few signs of increasing energy prices" seems to imply, that the "signs" are driving up the costs of goods and not the" increasing energy prices" itself.

(B) still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods
I'm not too sure about this one; my guess is that "currently" is redundant as we know this is in the present. I suspect there is some issue in the clause after the semi-colon. Experts please comment..

(C) remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far
as yet and so far are redundant plus we have the same problem from A- the "signs" are "driving up the cost".... Also "prospect for inflation" seems weird.

(D) still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods
the policy makers are concerned about the prospect of inflation and not inflation itself.

(E) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods
this option correctly connects the scarcity of signs that increasing energy prices are driving up the costs and NOT the signs are driving up the costs.

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2012, 04:17
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All the replies are great. But this is how I would have approached this question making 2:3 split

(A) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far

Looking at A you can notice there is a grammar mistake.

Noun + ing verb - this constructing needs a helping verb (Is/Are)

This error is repeated in other sentences. based on this eliminate A,C,D.

(B) still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods

Between B &E - there certainly should not be a break with a semi-colon. Eliminate B and re-read original statement with E
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2012, 08:38
I think macjas has more than adequately brought out the fine points of this issue. Big kudo to him I may just like add a few word about choice B
Apart from currently being redundant, there is another issue regarding the construction of the sentence. There are two ICs separated by a semicolon and they are no doubt related. But the first portion is a little grey. It says that the policy makers are still concerned, but their being still concerned, is in spite of having only feeble signs. Such a paradox can be clearly expressed only by a clear contrasting conjunction such as though, although, even though etc;
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2012, 23:25
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'Still remain' strikes me as wordy. What's the difference between 'remain' and 'still remain.' Eliminate (B) and (D).

Both (A) and (D) put the adverbial modifier 'so far' after the noun phrase 'cost of goods'. 'So far' should be modifying the lack of signs. Therefore (E).
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2012, 07:50
IMO E!!

First, prospect of inflation is the correct idiom so on the basis of that, C and D are eliminated.

B is not conveying the intended message of the sentence and is awkward. Also B has "as yet" as well as "currently" which I feel are the same so one is redundant.

A has one problem that "so far" should be placed immediately after "there are few signs".

E is absolutely clear in meaning and is grammatically correct.

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2012, 08:37
vivtai wrote:
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

A.remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
B.still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods
C.remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far
D.still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods
E.remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods
OA LATER

Among A and E,
A doesn't shows the proper contrast.
Consider this:
1)X is happening, [CONTRASTING WORD] something related to X is in positive aspect.
2)X is happening, [CONTRASTING WORD] something just opposite to X is happening.

Quite easily you will see that 2 is much better in order to imply contrast.
My take E
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2012, 16:01
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grbjha wrote:
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
(A) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
(B) still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods
(C) remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far
(D) still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods
(E) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods

I'm happy to help with this.

First of all, when we say someone "remains concerned", this implies they have been concerned for a while and are still concerned. Adding the word "still" contributes absolutely no new information. The construction "still remains" is 100% redundant and always wrong. Therefore, right away, (B) & (D) are out.

This is a subtle grammar point. A proposition can have as its object an ordinary noun. A preposition can also have as its object the -ing form know as a gerund. In terms of the GMAT SC, it is illegal to have the construction: [preposition] + [noun] + [-ing form of verb]. For example, in answer choice (A),
...there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
We are trying pack action into a prepositional phrase. If we want to describe action, we need a bonafide clause. This is why (A) is wrong.

(C) changes the meaning --- by saying "... few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods..." , it is suggesting that the "signs" are driving up the cost of the other goods. What the original sentence says, and what makes logical sense, is that the "higher energy prices" are driving up these costs. In swapping around the grammatical forms, (C) changes it something that is both different in meaning and illogical. (C) is wrong.

We have rejected the first four answers, so we hope (E) works! Fortunately, it does.
(E) Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods.
The action that (A) tried to cram into a prepositional phrase here appears correctly in a "that" clause with a full bonafide [noun] + [verb] structure: "that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods.
Everything is correct in this option.

Does all this make sense?

Mike
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2012, 06:56
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

a)remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far although seems to present a weak contradiction.

b)c)still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods still remain seems redundant

c)remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far even though as yet... looks like faulty construction, sounds very awkward

d)still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods

e)remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods despite provide stronger contradiction and rest of the sentence looks grammatically correct

I just added my chain of thought. MikeMcGarry has provided a better explanation, that is more grammar sound.

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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2012, 06:56

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