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# political

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Manager
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23 Jan 2008, 22:36
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Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective at persuading industrial corporations to change.For example, as a result of the efforts of animal groups, many pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies have reduced their use of laboratory animanls, substituting in their place alternative methods of product testing.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the connection between pressure group activity and corporate chage claimed above?

(A)Many comp in the pharmaceutical industry have increased their public relations spending in order to counter the activity of animal rights groups.
(B)Bfore the new methods of testing products are used, they have to be caliberated by comparison tests involving experiments on laboratory animals.
(C)wHEN COMP STOP USING LABORATORY ANIMALS, THEY GENERALLY GO TO SOME EXPENSE TO PUBLICIZE THIS CHANGE of policy.
(D)The pharmaceutical manufacturrers who still use laboratory animals are mostly the smaller firms that have been less subject to pressure group activity.
(E)The methods of product testing that do not involve laboratory animals are faster and cheaper that the methods that do.
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Director
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23 Jan 2008, 22:44
(E)The methods of product testing that do not involve laboratory animals are faster and cheaper that the methods that do.

Should be "E"
Director
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24 Jan 2008, 00:33
Senior Manager
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24 Jan 2008, 00:47
Should be E.
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24 Jan 2008, 07:27
1
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E)
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24 Jan 2008, 07:38
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Expert's post
E

Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective at persuading industrial corporations to change.For example, as a result of the efforts of animal groups, many pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies have reduced their use of laboratory animanls, substituting in their place alternative methods of product testing.

the first assumption: there was no other reason to reduce use of laboratory animanls by pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the connection between pressure group activity and corporate chage claimed above?

(A)Many comp in the pharmaceutical industry have increased their public relations spending in order to counter the activity of animal rights groups. - irrelevant.
(B)Bfore the new methods of testing products are used, they have to be caliberated by comparison tests involving experiments on laboratory animals. - irrelevant.
(C)wHEN COMP STOP USING LABORATORY ANIMALS, THEY GENERALLY GO TO SOME EXPENSE TO PUBLICIZE THIS CHANGE of policy. irrelevant. strengthen. Despite of expenses companies have reduced their use of laboratory animals.
(D)The pharmaceutical manufacturrers who still use laboratory animals are mostly the smaller firms that have been less subject to pressure group activity. - irrelevant. slightly strengthen
(E)The methods of product testing that do not involve laboratory animals are faster and cheaper that the methods that do. - ok. it is the first assumption.
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Manager
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25 Jan 2008, 01:36
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B for me.
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25 Jan 2008, 08:15
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E
Senior Manager
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26 Jan 2008, 16:53
Whats the OA ?
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24 Aug 2012, 09:24
Can anyone tell how to select the best option between B / E ?Both seems to weaken.
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27 Aug 2012, 13:31
I'm going with (B) here. First, the breakdown:

PREMISE: Pol groups caused some corps to switch from animal test to new test
CONCLUSION: Pol groups are more effective in making corps change (care about animals)
ASSUMPTION: Switching tests demonstrates that the corporations actually care.

(B) weakens the assumption by showing conclusively that the corporations don't care about animals, and therefore haven't changed at all.

(E), on the other hand, does not destroy the assumption - it's possible that corporations can care about both animals AND money (let's not be too cynical here). Furthermore, if the new tests are cheaper, why didn't the corporations switch earlier? Probably because the political pressure was the catalyst, which would actually strengthen our conclusion!
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Re: political   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2012, 13:31
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