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Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become

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Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2017, 08:35
2
11
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:54) correct 35% (02:01) wrong based on 573 sessions

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Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become overrun with policymakers who are substantially older than the majority of their constituency, and young politicians with fresh ideas are discouraged from bringing those ideas and talents into public service. For these reasons, no office in our country should allow a person to serve more than two consecutive terms.

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A. It is not possible for a policymaker to effectively govern a constituency that is substantially younger.
B. Younger politicians’ ideas are, on average, more effective than older politicians’ ideas.
C. In the absence of term limits, at least some elected officials would serve more than two consecutive terms.
D. There are at least as many highly-qualified young politicians as there are elected officials who are serving their second terms.
E. It is in a country’s best interest to encourage political participation among younger voters.​​​
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2017, 09:37
1
Conclusion: no office should allow a person to serve more than 2 consecutive terms

What must be true for this conclusion to be true?

A . Irrelevant
B. Effective ideas is not a necessary assumption for conclusion to hold.
C . Correct . The author assumes that there are some people who do consecutive terms .if we negate it ..the conclusion I'd falsified.
D. How many high qualified young politicians are there does not matter
E. best interests not discussed . I will
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 11:45
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In this assumption question, it is important to understand the parameters of the argument. The activist wants to implement term limits because, without them, older politicians CAN monopolize the seats within a legislative body, and young politicians with fresh ideas are discouraged from trying to join. Note that nowhere in this argument do you know that older politicians ARE currently dominating the legislature, nor do you find evidence that the government is not functioning well or representing its constituents adequately.

For this reason, choice A is incorrect. If you use the Assumption Negation Technique to negate it, you then have:

It IS possible for a policymaker to effectively govern a constituency that is substantially younger.

This is irrelevant to the argument as given: the argument doesn't infer any challenges in effective representation at all, so this negated assumption does not directly challenge the argument.

Choice B is also incorrect. Negated through A.N.T. it reads:

Younger politicians’ ideas are NOT, on average, more effective than older politicians’ ideas.

Again, the argument does not deal with the effectiveness of the politicians' ideas, but rather just expresses regret that new (not necessarily "better") ideas are being left out.

Choice C is correct, and when it is negated you should see why. Negated it reads:

In the absence of term limits, NO elected officials would serve more than two consecutive terms. (note, the logical opposite of "at least some" is "none")

This points out that there is no problem whatsoever - no one is staying more than two consecutive terms, so the proposed term limits would have zero effect! Of course, this is why Assumption Negation is so powerful - it tells you when a premise is necessary by forcing you to consider how the argument would look without that premise. And without any politicians sticking around past two terms, there would be no need to limit them to two.

Choice D is also unnecessary. Negated it reads "There are NOT at least as many highly-qualified young politicians as there are elected officials in their second terms." But note that highly-qualified isn't integral to the argument: you don't know that anyone currently serving is highly-qualified, so why would it matter if the replacements are?

And choice E is also incorrect. Even if it is not in a nation's interests to encourage participation among younger voters, the same problems the activist seeks to solve (losing out on new ideas, etc.) can still apply. The correct answer is C.
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 21:42
in assumption question we look for new information.Already in the argument it is mention that without term limit, legislative bodies can become overrun, which imply older people will continue to work.How option c can be a correct option
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 23:31
Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become overrun with policymakers who are substantially older than the majority of their constituency, and young politicians with fresh ideas are discouraged from bringing those ideas and talents into public service. For these reasons, no office in our country should allow a person to serve more than two consecutive terms.

Type - Assumption
Boil it down - no office in our country should allow a person to serve more than two consecutive terms.

A. It is not possible for a policymaker to effectively govern a constituency that is substantially younger. - Irrelevant as the argument does not talk about effectiveness , but about fresh ideas from young politicians
B. Younger politicians’ ideas are, on average, more effective than older politicians’ ideas. - Irrelevant - effectiveness of ideas is not discussed
C. In the absence of term limits, at least some elected officials would serve more than two consecutive terms. - Correct - Negate this and the arugment falls apart .
Even in absence of term limits, if no elected official spends more than 2 consecutive terms then argument falls apart
D. There are at least as many highly-qualified young politicians as there are elected officials who are serving their second terms. - Out of scope
E. It is in a country’s best interest to encourage political participation among younger voters.​ - Irrelevant

Answer C
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 10:26
+ C.
In the absence of term limits, at least some elected officials would serve more than two consecutive terms.
Negation:
If no elected official serve for more than two consecutive terms, we wont even need this in first place.
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 05:03
Prashant10692 wrote:
+ C.
In the absence of term limits, at least some elected officials would serve more than two consecutive terms.
Negation:
If no elected official serve for more than two consecutive terms, we wont even need this in first place.


Negation:
If no elected official serve for more than two consecutive terms, we wont even need this in first place. :thumbup: :thumbup:
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2018, 22:06
1
gauravraos wrote:
Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become overrun with policymakers who are substantially older than the majority of their constituency, and young politicians with fresh ideas are discouraged from bringing those ideas and talents into public service. For these reasons, no office in our country should allow a person to serve more than two consecutive terms.

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A. It is not possible for a policymaker to effectively govern a constituency that is substantially younger.
B. Younger politicians’ ideas are, on average, more effective than older politicians’ ideas.
C. In the absence of term limits, at least some elected officials would serve more than two consecutive terms.
D. There are at least as many highly-qualified young politicians as there are elected officials who are serving their second terms.
E. It is in a country’s best interest to encourage political participation among younger voters.​​​


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



In this assumption question, it is important to understand the parameters of the argument. The activist wants to implement term limits because, without them, older politicians CAN monopolize the seats within a legislative body, and young politicians with fresh ideas are discouraged from trying to join. Note that nowhere in this argument do you know that older politicians ARE currently dominating the legislature, nor do you find evidence that the government is not functioning well or representing its constituents adequately.

For this reason, choice A is incorrect. If you use the Assumption Negation Technique to negate it, you then have:

It IS possible for a policymaker to effectively govern a constituency that is substantially younger.

This is irrelevant to the argument as given: the argument doesn't infer any challenges in effective representation at all, so this negated assumption does not directly challenge the argument.

Choice B is also incorrect. Negated through A.N.T. it reads:

Younger politicians’ ideas are NOT, on average, more effective than older politicians’ ideas.

Again, the argument does not deal with the effectiveness of the politicians' ideas, but rather just expresses regret that new (not necessarily "better") ideas are being left out.

Choice C is correct, and when it is negated you should see why. Negated it reads:

In the absence of term limits, NO elected officials would serve more than two consecutive terms. (note, the logical opposite of "at least some" is "none")

This points out that there is no problem whatsoever - no one is staying more than two consecutive terms, so the proposed term limits would have zero effect! Of course, this is why Assumption Negation is so powerful - it tells you when a premise is necessary by forcing you to consider how the argument would look without that premise. And without any politicians sticking around past two terms, there would be no need to limit them to two.

Choice D is also unnecessary. Negated it reads "There are NOT at least as many highly-qualified young politicians as there are elected officials in their second terms." But note that highly-qualified isn't integral to the argument: you don't know that anyone currently serving is highly-qualified, so why would it matter if the replacements are?

And choice E is also incorrect. Even if it is not in a nation's interests to encourage participation among younger voters, the same problems the activist seeks to solve (losing out on new ideas, etc.) can still apply. The correct answer is C.
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Re: Political Activist: Without term limits, legislative bodies can become &nbs [#permalink] 23 May 2018, 22:06
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