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# Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some

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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 10:25
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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.

B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.

C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by dentobizz on 11 Nov 2013, 23:48, edited 1 time in total.
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22 Apr 2012, 10:34
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Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.

B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
Correct: I'll go with this one. The premise is that the previous plan was not effective. The analyst's proposal is the population sharing in wealth and decisions. The alternative to the analyst's proposal is wide range financial incentives, but the premise of them being tried before and being ineffective undermines the government's plan to try again.

C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.
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22 Apr 2012, 10:40
IMO B by POE.
The second BL is a premise supporting the conclusion or the main solution/claim,which is "A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere". Thus to save time, we need not to even check about the first BL.
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22 Apr 2012, 10:43
You guys are right. OA is B.
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08 May 2012, 13:03
Hi, I am still confused can you please explain why its not E...
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23 May 2012, 03:11
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B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim. - Correct Option

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

The passage speaks about two different plan of actions. First one bombed which led the author to state that the measures been tried but to little avail.
Second plan (A better Plan) is an alternative provided by the author which is sure to bring in the desired effect.
First bold statement is not a conclusion but premise that takes neutral stand to the actual conclusion.

Hope this helps.
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09 Jun 2012, 04:30
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Trying to stay focuse on

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

The first is NOT a conclusion because the passage says : These are positive measures, (doing financial incentives, investments and so on) BUT but they have been tried before, to little avail
so this is not a conclusion but something that going in a counter direction, in contrast with something said before. The plan before has tried to do something but has failed

The conclusion: A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. The following sentence starts with: If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result.

This statement is NOT against conclusion, but support the main claim of the argument that says to improve country's governance.

You have to stay on the look out of key words.

Hope is useful my explanation.
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09 Jun 2012, 10:08
B is what i got..
First bold face undermines the author's statement as it says that the strategy was earlier applied but failed.
Second bold face suggests an alternative to fulfill the objective.
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09 Jun 2012, 11:29
Tough one and I cannot determine the conclusion of the argument. However, after reading Swoosh617's reasoning, I found how to approach to choice B that is correct.
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09 Jun 2012, 14:34
Swoosh617 wrote:
Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some hoped that freedom would encourage Russians to multiply, but as a result of dislocation and insecurity, the Russian population continues to dwindle at the rate of 700,000 a year. The government proposes to address the problem with a wide range of financial incentives, along with investments in improved health care, road safety and the like. These are positive measures, but they have been tried before, to little avail. A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere. If a greater part of the population participated in important decisions and shared in the country's wealth, then larger families would result. In addition, if corruption and greed among the elite were curbed, public health would improve and average life expectancy would increase.

The two boldfaced statements serve what function in the argument above?

A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first.

B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim.
Correct: I'll go with this one. The premise is that the previous plan was not effective. The analyst's proposal is the population sharing in wealth and decisions. The alternative to the analyst's proposal is wide range financial incentives, but the premise of them being tried before and being ineffective undermines the government's plan to try again.

C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument.

D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal.

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion.

This is a pretty good breakdown. One thing I would encourage test-takers to do is build a very good understanding of the passage before considering the answers. Swoosh617's explanation about Point B is a great way of doing that.
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11 Jun 2012, 02:54
May visit the below mentioned link for further clarification:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/pol ... 10823.html
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2012, 06:46
Hey All,

Would anyone agree that this line is the overall conclusion of the paragraph?

A better plan to reverse the population decline is to improve the country's governance in both the public and the private sphere.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2012, 06:25
surely cmcaboy . .thats the conclusion . second premise for this conclusion
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2012, 23:49
OA is B- Checked it
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 01:22
Bumping for review and further discussion

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2013, 07:48
B is the perfect choice.

Argument: Analyst's first plan to encourage Russian population was tried but failed to prove effective(This weakens an alternative to the analyst's main proposal - 1st boldface statement). He proposes a better plan to improve country's governance(This is the main point of the analyst). He then goes on explaining his proposal.(This is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim - 2nd boldface statement)
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2016, 05:02
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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22 May 2016, 04:41
A) The first is the main point of the analyst's argument; the second is a premise that supports the the first. - Incorrect - The second is not a premise that supports the first.

B) The first is a premise that undermines an alternative to the analyst's proposal; the second is a premise that supports the analyst's main claim. - Correct - The alternative to analyst's proposal is the government's proposal. The first undermines the government's proposal. The second clearly supports the analysts main claim.

C) The first is a premise that contradicts the main point made by the analyst; the second is the main point of the argument. - Incorrect - The first does not contradict the view of the analyst.

D) The first is a premise that supports a proposal; the second is that proposal. - Incorrect - The second is a prediction rather than a proposal.

E) The first is a conclusion that the argument endorses; the second is a premise that opposes that conclusion. - Incorrect - The second does not oppose the first.

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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2017, 21:44
The analyst recounts a proposal by the Russian government to increase the Russian population. The analyst then dismisses that proposal and makes a counterproposal that he or she then supports with hypothetical scenarios. The
claim that the counterproposal (to try good governance) is preferable is the
conclusion of the argument.
(A) This choice is incorrect. The first boldface is a fact that indicates the government plan has failed before; it is not the conclusion of the argument. However, the second is a premise in support of the argument’s proposal.
(B) CORRECT. The first is the fact that the government plan has "been tried before, to no avail," a fact that undermines the alternative proposal made by the government. The author's proposal is to improve the country's governance, and the second boldface supports that plan by showing one way in which better governance might lead to a population increase.
(C) The first does not contradict the argument’s conclusion that improved governance will reverse the decline in population. Rather, it undermines the other proposal presented by the government, which is a claim that the argument does not support. The second is not the argument’s main point, but an assertion thatsupports the conclusion of the argument by showing one way in which better
governance might lead to a population increase.
(D) The first is a premise that the government plan has "been tried before, to anavail," which weighs against the preceding proposal. The second is not theproposal that the first directly supports, but an assertion that supports theconclusion of the argument by showing one way in which better governance might lead to a population increase.
(E) The first is not a conclusion at all, rather a factual premise that these measures "have been tried before, to little avail." The second boldface does not oppose the first boldface, rather it is an assertion that supports the conclusion of the argument by showing one way in which better governance might lead to a population increase.
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Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2017, 02:21
Hi Experts, in option B can you explain how it is a premise that undermines the analyst's proposal. It actually undermines the alternative made by the govt.
Also, is a premise = fact?
Thanks
Re: Political Analyst: After the Soviet Union collapsed, some   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2017, 02:21

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