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Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic

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Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2012, 16:01
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Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2016, 12:04
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There should be a comma after Ancient Greeks in option C.

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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2012, 10:27
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A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society: Incorrect. Politicians and Philosophers cannot be early forms of democratic government.

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks: Incorrect. Same error as A.

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society: Correct. Politicians and Philosophers are ancient Greeks.

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks. Incorrect. "there" has no antecedent, Run on sentence and same error as A.

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse : Incorrect due to concise issue. Were the ancient Greeks is too wordy. Choice C is better.

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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2012, 18:32
carcass wrote:
Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse


who are Politicians and philosophers? the ancient Greeks So C . Rest all have modifier issue.

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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2012, 22:41
A: The original sentence suggests that "politicians and philosophers" (introductory modifier) are early forms of
government. Grammatically, looks ok, but in context- way far from correct as neither a politician nor a
philosopher is a form of govt. The ancient Greeks are.

B: modifier, modifier, early forms of govt.....politicians and philosophers are no forms of govt.
C: modifier, clause, modifier.... correct. Ancient Greeks are the politicians and philosophers.
Also, "laying" comes as a consequence of "pioneered"
D: modifier, there were pioneered (??), modifier, early forms of govt....
E: modifier, "were" unnecessary.Also, "laying" - a consequence, comes before the action "pioneered"...
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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2016, 20:07
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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 06:50
Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers", in this option "laying" (after we ignore the appositive phrase in between) cannot be the subject - Hence, A is Out

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" as we are not having logical subject followed by modifier - Hence, B is Out

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

- CORRECT - "the ancient Greeks" correctly follows the modifier "Politicians and philosophers". So the "the ancient Greeks" becomes the subject of the sentence and hence this option is correct.


(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" as we are not having logical subject followed by modifier - Hence, D is Out

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse[/quote]

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" we have a verb here "were" but as the subject is split by comma "Politicians and philosophers" cannot be the subject for this sentence. Makes this sentence illogical - Hence, E is Out

Hence, Answer is C

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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2017, 10:59
ydmuley
Quote:
(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse


- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" we have a verb here "were" but as the subject is split by comma "Politicians and philosophers" cannot be the subject for this sentence. Makes this sentence illogical - Hence, E is Out[/quote]

Can you please help me eliminate this option as i am not familiar with the rule of comma were as mentioned by you.

Thanks in advance.

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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2017, 21:01
Hello siddyj94 - Happy to help.

The main thing we need to understand here is the structure of the sentence. The phrase "Politicians and philosophers" is a modifying phrase because we have a comma after this phrase and as a rule, we need a subject that is described by this modifying phrase. (In this example, 'were' cannot be the subject)

Also, as comma is used after "Politicians and philosophers" we will not be able to use verb directly after comma. The reason is we are not having a subject for the sentence and hence it becomes a run-on sentence.

Example:

Incorrect: Dogs and Cats, are good friends.
Correct: Dogs and Cats are good friends.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2017, 21:01
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