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Polygamy in Africa

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Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2015, 13:03
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Question 1
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90% (01:34) correct 10% (01:10) wrong based on 112

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Question 2
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66% (00:30) correct 34% (00:38) wrong based on 104

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Question 3
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82% (00:25) correct 18% (00:31) wrong based on 102

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Question 4
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87% (00:18) correct 13% (00:14) wrong based on 103

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Question 5
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Question Stats:

38% (00:51) correct 62% (00:53) wrong based on 100

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Polygamy

Polygamy in Africa has been a popular topic for social research over
the past four decades; it has been analyzed by many distinguished
minds and in various well-publicized works. In 1961, when Remi
Clignet published his book "Many Wives, Many Powers," he was not
alone in sharing the view that in Africa co-wives may be perceived
as direct and indirect sources of increased income and prestige.

By the 1970s, such arguments had become crystallized and
popular. Many other African scholars who wrote on the subject became
the new champions of this philosophy. For example, in 1983,
John Mbiti proclaimed that polygamy is an accepted and respectable
institution serving many useful social purposes. Similarly, G.K.
Nukunya, in his paper "Polygamy as a Symbol of Status," reiterated
Mbiti's idea that a plurality of wives is a sign of affluence and power
in the African society.

However, the colonial missionary voice provided consistent
opposition to polygamy by viewing the practice as unethical and
destructive of family life. While they propagated this view with the
authority of the Bible, they were convinced that Africans had to be
coerced into partaking in the vision of monogamy understood by
the Western culture. The missionary viewpoint even included, in
some instances, dictating immediate divorce in the case of newly
converted men who had already contracted polygamous marriages.
Unfortunately, both the missionary voice and the scholarly
voice did not consider the views of African women on the matter
important. Although there was some awareness that women
regarded polygamy as both a curse and a blessing, the distanced,
albeit scientific, perspective of an outside observer predominated
both on the pulpit and in scholarly writings.

Contemporary research in the social sciences has begun to
focus on the protagonist's voice in the study of culture, recognizing
that the views and experiences of those who take part in a given
reality ought to receive close examination. This privileging of the
protagonist seems appropriate, particularly given that women in
Africa have often used literary productions to comment on marriage,
family and gender relations.


1. Which of the following best describes the main purpose of the passage above?
(A) to discuss scholarly works that view polygamy as a sign of prestige, respect, and affluence
in the African society
(B) to trace the origins of the missionary opposition to African polygamy
(C) to argue for imposing restrictions on polygamy in the African society
(D) to explore the reasons for womens acceptance of polygamy
(E) to discuss multiple perspectives on African polygamy and contrast them with contemporary
research

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


2. The third paragraph of the passage plays which of the following roles?
(A) discusses the rationale for viewing polygamy as an indication of prestige and affluence in
the African society
(B) supports the author’s view that polygamy is unethical and destructive of family life
(C) contrasts the views of the colonial missionary with the position of the most recent contemporary
research
(D) describes the views on polygamy held by the colonial missionary and indicates a flaw in
this vision
(E) demonstrates that the colonial missionary was ignorant of the scholarly research on monogamy

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D



3. The passage provides each of the following, EXCEPT

(A) the year of publication of Remi Clignet’s book “Many Wives, Many Powers”
(B) the year in which John Mbiti made a claim that polygamy is an accepted institution
(C) examples of African womens literary productions devoted to family relations
(D) reasons for missionary opposition to polygamy
(E) current research perspectives on polygamy

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


4. According to the passage, the colonial missionary and the early scholarly research shared
which of the following traits in their views on polygamy?
(A) both considered polygamy a sign of social status and success
(B) neither accounted for the views of local women
(C) both attempted to limit the prevalence of polygamy
(D) both pointed out polygamy’s destructive effects on family life
(E) both exhibited a somewhat negative attitude towards polygamy

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


5. Which of the following statements can most properly be inferred from the passage?
(A) Nukunyas paper “Polygamy as a Symbol of Status” was not written in 1981.
(B) John Mbiti adjusted his initial view on polygamy, recognizing that the experiences
of African women should receive closer attention.
(C) Remi Clignets book “Many Wives, Many Powers” was the first well-known
scholarly work to proclaim that polygamy can be viewed as a symbol of prestige
and wealth.
(D) Under the influence of the missionary opposition, polygamy was proclaimed illegal
in Africa as a practice “unethical and destructive of family life.”
(E) A large proportion of the scholars writing on polygamy in the 1970s and 1980s
were of African descent.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A



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[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #5 OA

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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2015, 12:58
Good passage brainlab. ... The last question was tricky but i liked the passage...
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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 07:41
I liked the last question:) Thanks for the passage.
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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 08:22
thanks again for the passage. I am a little new hear so wanted to know what's the ideal time to spend on such a passage? Took 11 mins to read and answer and got 4 right.

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Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 11:33
Thanks for the passage.
1 3 and 4 took less than 30 seconds, 2 and 5 were tough, got the last one wrong coz I pretty much cut the correct answer right away without to much thinking and then got lost.

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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 13:27
Mayanksharma85 wrote:
thanks again for the passage. I am a little new hear so wanted to know what's the ideal time to spend on such a passage? Took 11 mins to read and answer and got 4 right.


Hi Mayan, as I know you have 2 minutes for a question so 5*2=10 min for reading and answering all the questions.

Experts please correct me if I'm wrong.
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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2017, 05:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2017, 15:01
How to infer last question. I got it wrong.

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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2017, 10:48
ammuseeru wrote:
How to infer last question. I got it wrong.


For last ques., let's compare the three most popular choices here::



(A) Nukunyas paper “Polygamy as a Symbol of Status” was not written in 1981.

CORRECT -- Follow the below mentioned lines in 2nd para.
For example, in 1983, John Mbiti proclaimed that polygamy is an accepted and respectable institution serving many useful social purposes. Similarly, G.K. Nukunya, in his paper "Polygamy as a Symbol of Status," reiterated Mbiti's idea .
This line clearly states the Nukunyas had written only after Mbiti did in 1983.



(D) Under the influence of the missionary opposition, polygamy was proclaimed illegal in Africa as a practice “unethical and destructive of family life.”

INCORRECT -- Follow the below mentioned line in 3rd para.
"..in some instances, dictating immediate divorce..".
By this line we can only infer that in only few instances opposing missionaries asked for divorces and etc. Never it has been mentioned that polygamy was declared illegal.



(E) A large proportion of the scholars writing on polygamy in the 1970s and 1980s were of African descent.

INCORRECT -- Follow the below mentioned line in 2nd para.
"..Many other African scholars who wrote on the subject became the new champions..".
By this line we can only infer that many African scholars had written on polygamy. But those number could either be 5% or 90% of all scholars who had ever written on African polygamy. We do NOT know. This is an extreme choice stating 'large proportion'.



Hope, I've been clear.
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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2017, 00:57
can someone tell how is Option A an inference in question 5

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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 07:53
rupanshi12 wrote:
can someone tell how is Option A an inference in question 5


See the passage told that "M" published his views in 1983,so if he did so in 1983 and the paper reiterated the views of "M" then you can infer that the paper cannot be published before the writting of "M".

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 22:36
Thanks for posting
Really good passage and question.

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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 02:06
3. The passage provides each of the following, EXCEPT
(A) the year of publication of Remi Clignet’s book “Many Wives, Many Powers”
(B) the year in which John Mbiti made a claim that polygamy is an accepted institution
(C) examples of African womens literary productions devoted to family relations
(D) reasons for missionary opposition to polygamy
(E) current research perspectives on polygamy

Can someone tell me why option C is right? I marked the option as E. What line in the passage tells us the current research perspectives (Option E)?

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Re: Polygamy in Africa [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 02:27
Sanjeetgujrall wrote:
3. The passage provides each of the following, EXCEPT
(A) the year of publication of Remi Clignet’s book “Many Wives, Many Powers”
(B) the year in which John Mbiti made a claim that polygamy is an accepted institution
(C) examples of African womens literary productions devoted to family relations
(D) reasons for missionary opposition to polygamy
(E) current research perspectives on polygamy

Can someone tell me why option C is right? I marked the option as E. What line in the passage tells us the current research perspectives (Option E)?



If you will read the last para then u can understand that current research has...(activity started in the past and is still continuing...use of present perfect tense) implies the current perspective.

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Re: Polygamy in Africa   [#permalink] 03 Oct 2017, 02:27
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