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# Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the

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Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Apr 2018, 07:39
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Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.

(A) may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level

(B) may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level

(C) may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising

(D) include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising

(E) include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level

Originally posted by solidcolor on 01 Sep 2007, 18:22.
Last edited by hazelnut on 14 Apr 2018, 07:39, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 19:56
5
2
solidcolor wrote:
Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.

A. may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level
B. may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level
C. may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising
D. include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising
E. include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level

I'd go with E

C, D are just awkward.
A, B have may and it's just too wordy. Word "possible" eliminates word may in this case.

What is the OA?
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 02:19
2
1
"possible" is already mention in the sentence, you dont need 'may'..its redundant.

so A,B and C are out.
the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level

Melting :- Gerund

E is parallel because of
melting of PIC :- Prepositional phrase
the rise in sea level :- Prepositional phrase.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 20:39
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Use of 'may' become redundant since possible has already been used. So, A,B and C are out.
between d & e, e is better.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 23:58
Excellent explanations. Thanks mates.

I just want to point out in this example that POSSIBLE and MAY shouldn't go together. Just something to remember.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2012, 19:55
2
Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.
A. may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level
B. may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level
C. may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising
D. include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising
E. include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level

The correct answer is E, but does the "melting of the polar ice caps" without the article "the" is still parallel to the "a rise in sea level"?
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2012, 22:47
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2012, 07:38
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Can you explain why B is wrong? I feel "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level".

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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2012, 09:15
vivekdixit07 wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Can you explain why B is wrong? I feel "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level".

"the melting of" is a (complex) gerund phrase, whereas "the rising sea level" is a participle phrase and hence are not parallel. Even otherwise, looking at each phrase you can see that in "the melting of ice caps", the "the melting of" is the subject can be used as the subject of a sentence whereas in "the rising sea level", the "sea level" part is the actual subject.

eg: The waving flag IS green. and The waving flagS ARE green.
The waving of the flag IS fierce. and The waving of the flagS IS fierce.

My examples might not be 100% correct but I hope you get the meaning.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2012, 10:45
MacFauz wrote:
vivekdixit07 wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Can you explain why B is wrong? I feel "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level".

"the melting of" is a (complex) gerund phrase, whereas "the rising sea level" is a participle phrase and hence are not parallel. Even otherwise, looking at each phrase you can see that in "the melting of ice caps", the "the melting of" is the subject can be used as the subject of a sentence whereas in "the rising sea level", the "sea level" part is the actual subject.

eg: The waving flag IS green. and The waving flagS ARE green.
The waving of the flag IS fierce. and The waving of the flagS IS fierce.

My examples might not be 100% correct but I hope you get the meaning.

I also think "the melting of" is parallel to "the rising sea level". I think the problem for B is "may" repeats the meaning of "possible", so it deemed redundant
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2012, 12:12
i eliminated options A, B and C based on the fact that if we're using "Possible" in the sentence, then the use of "may" becomes sort of redundant, since if you're expressing a possibility, you're anyways not sure if that event WILL occur..

So, out of the remaining options D and E, E wins, since option D somewhat changes the meaning of the sentence.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2013, 00:41
2
tingting85114 wrote:
Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.
A. may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level
B. may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level
C. may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising
D. include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising
E. include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level

The correct answer is E, but does the "melting of the polar ice caps" without the article "the" is still parallel to the "a rise in sea level"?

In this sentence, two close options are B & E. In option B, although both the parallel items are Complex gerund phrase but use of “The rising sea level” changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Option B means that Consequences include Melting & Sea level but this is not the intended meaning. Author wants to mean that Consequences include Melting & Rise, actions correctly used only in option E.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2013, 19:05
Can someone kindly explain why C is not correct? I was looking for 1. meaning and 2. parallelism. Thank you!
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2013, 22:13
MacFauz wrote:
Complex Gerund phrases (melting of ) are parallel to action nouns (a rise). True. A "the" would have made the sentence better framed but the best answer choice out of the five is E.

Hi MacFauz ,

I am understand ( melting of is a verb ing noun ) but how is rise a noun ? Confused why E is the best choice .

Thanks and Regards ,
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2013, 01:12
Looks like an act or instance of rising is a noun. So, "rise" is a noun here.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2014, 00:05
TAL010 wrote:
Can someone kindly explain why C is not correct? I was looking for 1. meaning and 2. parallelism. Thank you!

may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising...

In this choice the meaning is different from the original sentence. This sentence means that the the consequences of the the "green house effect" includes polar ice caps and sea levels. Plus the 'may' makes the sentence redundant with the usage of 'Possible'. Other than that I think the sentence doesn't have any parallelism issues.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2015, 10:27
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solidcolor wrote:
Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.

Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.

It appeats that the speaker is trying to present a list of effects of the consequences of GreenHouse Effect.

A. may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level - Incorrect
B. may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level - Incorrect
C. may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising - Incorrect
D. include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising - Incorrect
E. include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level - Correct

I personally feel Melting and Rise are used as Nouns , presented after Include refers to the effects of greenhouse effect( Someone plz correct me if I am wrong !! )

Hence IMHO(E) !!
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 22:32
Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the gradual warming of the Earth’s climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.

A. may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level
B. may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level
C. may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising
D. include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising
E. include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level

Analysis :

Split 1: "May include" Vs "Include"
Question stem starts with Possible , so Include (without May) is concise. May introduce Redundancy. However, let's keep this split aside, and lets focus on strong rationale. Lets focus on it later, to confirm the answer

Split 2 :
As per the original sentence, there are two possible effect " Melting of something" and "Rise in something" both should be parallel "NOUN"
"melting of the polar ice caps" is proper Noun phrase describing the current state of Polar Ice cap

"rising sea level" is noun, but does not mentioned it as one of the effect of Global warming. "rise in sea level" correctly describes, one of the effect of global warming.

So correct split must be "melting of the polar ice caps" and "rise in sea level"

Only choice E states this correctly.

Option E, is correct.
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2017, 01:00
Firstly, possible and may are redundant. Only one of them should be used

Can anything be discussed about Gerunds and Action Nouns

IMO, the phrase 'melting the polar ice caps' is a SIMPLE gerund and a rising sea level' is a COMPLEX Gerund. so both cannot be parallel.
So ABCD are eliminated based on above two reasons.

Also if an acion noun exists for a verb, we should not convert in into a Complex GERUND. thus the correct usage should be RISE not rising

thus E is the answer IMO

please correct me if im wrong
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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2017, 03:03
Hi GMATNinja

In E, are we not paralleling Simple Gerund with Action Noun?
My understanding was - according to mgmat

Action Noun || Complex Gerund - OK
Action Noun || Simple Gerund - NOT OK

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Re: Possible long-term consequences of the “greenhouse effect,” the &nbs [#permalink] 03 Aug 2017, 03:03

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