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Preconceived notions of the world, especially that of the so-called...

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Preconceived notions of the world, especially that of the so-called...  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2016, 12:08
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Preconceived notions of the world, especially that of the so-called Third World, have colored our perceptions enough to blind us to its true state, illustrated by decades of reliable statistics. The currently prevalent and popular juxtaposition of the struggling Third World and the flourishing First World is consistent with the state of the world in the mid - twentieth century, not the world in which we currently reside. For example, while the richest 20% of the world’s population earn 74% of the total income and the poorest 20% earn 2%, the majority of the world’s population belongs to a “middle-class”, earning 24% of the total income. Most countries, with the exception of those African countries devastated by AIDS, share a relatively high life expectancy and low fertility rate. Child mortality rates in many Asian and South American nations are on par with those of the “developed world”; in fact, the country with the lowest child mortality rate in 2007 was Singapore. Unfortunately, most people’s ignorance of these facts and others like them stems from a lack of access to understandable data. Although the data are available, access to statistics is often costly and, even when free access is granted, statistics are presented in a dull fashion, which repels all but the most dedicated.

With which of the following statements about life expectancy would the author of the passage most likely agree?

A) Life expectancy is inversely proportional to fertility rate.
B) Having a high life expectancy should be a requirement for common consideration as a "First World" country.
C) Life expectancy is an indicator of a country's overall state.
D) Although life expectancy is currently high in most countries, it will not remain so in those countries commonly referred to as "Third World" countries.
E) Low fertility rates cause life expectancy to rise.

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Preconceived notions of the world, especially that of the so-called...  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 01:11
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chismooo wrote:
Preconceived notions of the world, especially that of the so-called Third World, have colored our perceptions enough to blind us to its true state, illustrated by decades of reliable statistics. The currently prevalent and popular juxtaposition of the struggling Third World and the flourishing First World is consistent with the state of the world in the mid - twentieth century, not the world in which we currently reside. For example, while the richest 20% of the world’s population earn 74% of the total income and the poorest 20% earn 2%, the majority of the world’s population belongs to a “middle-class”, earning 24% of the total income. Most countries, with the exception of those African countries devastated by AIDS, share a relatively high life expectancy and low fertility rate. Child mortality rates in many Asian and South American nations are on par with those of the “developed world”; in fact, the country with the lowest child mortality rate in 2007 was Singapore. Unfortunately, most people’s ignorance of these facts and others like them stems from a lack of access to understandable data. Although the data are available, access to statistics is often costly and, even when free access is granted, statistics are presented in a dull fashion, which repels all but the most dedicated.

With which of the following statements about life expectancy would the author of the passage most likely agree?

A) Life expectancy is inversely proportional to fertility rate.
B) Having a high life expectancy should be a requirement for common consideration as a "First World" country.
C) Life expectancy is an indicator of a country's overall state.
D) Although life expectancy is currently high in most countries, it will not remain so in those countries commonly referred to as "Third World" countries.
E) Low fertility rates cause life expectancy to rise.

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Oh my God , it took me nearly 10 minutes to answer this question with full confidence. Problem is that there is too much unnecessary info, for example we can totally ignore income part.

Conclusion is first sentence: "The currently prevalent and popular juxtaposition of the struggling Third World and the flourishing First World is consistent with the state of the world in the mid - twentieth century, not the world in which we currently reside"
Since question is concerned about life expectancy, we can ignore the income example. Let's try POE.

A) Life expectancy is inversely proportional to fertility rate.
Though argument says that "Most countries, with the exception of those African countries devastated by AIDS, share a relatively high life expectancy and low fertility rate" it doesn't say or suggest that they are inversely proportional, they can be simply correlated.

E) Low fertility rates cause life expectancy to rise.
For the same reason as A answer choice. Argument doesn't give any clue or suggest that one caused another, it says that statistics provide us with this information.

D) Although life expectancy is currently high in most countries, it will not remain so in those countries commonly referred to as "Third World" countries.
"Child mortality rates in many Asian and South American nations are on par with those of the “developed world”; in fact, the country with the lowest child mortality rate in 2007 was Singapore." This supports conclusion that our perception of "Third World" countries isn't as bad as we thought, in fact they are as good as "developed countries".( moreover it talks about today's situation , not giving any forecasts for future) This answer choice would actually contradict or weaken the argument.

B) Having a high life expectancy should be a requirement for common consideration as a "First World" country.
Argument doesn't discuss requierements for becoming "First World" country, rather it says that "Third World" countries aren't as bad as we thought and even in some situations ("child mortality rate satistics") equal to "First World" countries.

Finally we are left with C

C) Life expectancy is an indicator of a country's overall state.
Though I didn't like this answer choice at first, it the most suitable and logical one. Author discusses income, life expectancy and child mortality rates. We can say that author assumes these factors as important indicators of country's overall state. Note that answer choice doesn't say that life expectancy is the only indicator or the most important indicator, it says that it is the indicator which is perfectly fine. This answer choice strengthens argument and if negated "Life expectancy is not an indicator of a country's overall state" weakens it.

Would be happy to hear your response and point of view )

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Re: Preconceived notions of the world, especially that of the so-called...  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 04:11
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Re: Preconceived notions of the world, especially that of the so-called...   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2018, 04:11
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