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# Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016

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Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 15 Apr 2013
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Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2015, 03:27
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86% (01:14) correct 14% (01:29) wrong based on 678 sessions

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Premature babies who receive regular massages are more active than premature babies who do not. Even when all the babies drink the same amount of milk, the massaged babies gain more weight than do the unmassaged babies. This is puzzling because a more active person generally requires a greater food intake to maintain or gain weight.

Which of the following, if true, best reconciles the apparent discrepancy described above?

(A) Increased activity leads to increased levels of hunger, especially when food intake is not also increased.

(B) Massage increases premature babies’ curiosity about their environment, and curiosity leads to increased activity.

(C) Increased activity causes the intestines of premature babies to mature more quickly, enabling the babies to digest and absorb more of the nutrients in the milk they drink.

(D) Massage does not increase the growth rate of babies over one year old, if the babies had not been previously massaged.

(E) Premature babies require a daily intake of nutrients that is significantly higher than that required by babies who were not born prematurely.

Please hit kudos, if you like this post.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 03:58
Hello,

A specifies that:

Increased activity leads to increased levels of hunger, especially when food intake is not also increased

Does this choice resolve the paradox regarding surprising linkage between the "Increased physical activity" and "Increased weight". No...

If the more active babies are more hungry, then how they are gaining more weight?? Do they are eating too much (No, as the argument mentions same amount of milk).

So this choice is unable to resolve the paradox.

Hope it helps!!
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 08:05
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WillGetIt wrote:
Premature babies who receive regular massages are more active than premature babies who do not.

Level of activeness of Premature babies

WillGetIt wrote:
Even when all the babies drink the same amount of milk, the massaged babies gain more weight than do the unrnassaged babies.

Consumption of milk

Premature babies who receive regular massages = Premature babies who doesn't receive regular massages

Weight gain

Premature babies who receive regular massages > Premature babies who doesn't receive regular massages

WillGetIt wrote:
This is puzzling because a more active person generally requires a greater food intake to maintain or gain weight.

Premature babies who receive regular massages ----> more active -----> requires a greater food intake ----> to maintain or gain weight.

This literally boils down the issue to the fact that

Premature babies who receive regular massages and are thus active , requires the same amount of food intake as that of Premature babies who doesn't receive regular massages , yet gains weight more quickly.

So, we can say that food is not the factor that is causing the weight gain , but message is the contributing factor.

Comparing (A) and (C) -

A - Talks about hunger and same food intake.

C - Talks about increased activity resulting in absorption of more nutrients in the milk they drink.

Hence IMHO (C)
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 09:57
WillGetIt wrote:
Hello,

A specifies that:

Increased activity leads to increased levels of hunger, especially when food intake is not also increased

Does this choice resolve the paradox regarding surprising linkage between the "Increased physical activity" and "Increased weight". No...

If the more active babies are more hungry, then how they are gaining more weight?? Do they are eating too much (No, as the argument mentions same amount of milk).

So this choice is unable to resolve the paradox.

Hope it helps!!

Thanks WillGetIt This helps.
Current Student
Joined: 28 Nov 2014
Posts: 916
Concentration: Strategy
Schools: Fisher '19 (M)
GPA: 3.71
Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 09:59
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Abhishek009 wrote:
WillGetIt wrote:
Premature babies who receive regular massages are more active than premature babies who do not.

Level of activeness of Premature babies

WillGetIt wrote:
Even when all the babies drink the same amount of milk, the massaged babies gain more weight than do the unrnassaged babies.

Consumption of milk

Premature babies who receive regular massages = Premature babies who doesn't receive regular massages

Weight gain

Premature babies who receive regular massages > Premature babies who doesn't receive regular massages

WillGetIt wrote:
This is puzzling because a more active person generally requires a greater food intake to maintain or gain weight.

Premature babies who receive regular massages ----> more active -----> requires a greater food intake ----> to maintain or gain weight.

This literally boils down the issue to the fact that

Premature babies who receive regular massages and are thus active , requires the same amount of food intake as that of Premature babies who doesn't receive regular massages , yet gains weight more quickly.

So, we can say that food is not the factor that is causing the weight gain , but message is the contributing factor.

Comparing (A) and (C) -

A - Talks about hunger and same food intake.

C - Talks about increased activity resulting in absorption of more nutrients in the milk they drink.

Hence IMHO (C)

Abhishek009

Well explained~!
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2016, 13:49
This is an trend that i have seen that answer choices make assumption, which are no where stated or hinted about
Here increased activity is assumed to be through massage (but it can be through other things too)
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2016, 07:49
Argument is basically saying - massaged babies are more active than unmassaged babies, therefore they should take more milk to gain more weight.
Assumption: more activity means more milk to gain more weight

Something along the lines of- more activity doesn't require more milk to gain more weight will undermine the assumption.
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2016, 10:06
Where are the experts.

The options are not related to resolving the paradox.

Only C might resolve.

The rest are nonsensical.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2017, 15:01
we need to find an answer choice explaining why massaged, more active, babies gain more weight than non-massaged despite consuming the same amount of food
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 22:51
the passage really confuses test takers.
Here is how to understand the passage.
The scope of the passage shifts from the first sentence to the second sentence; the third sentence is the bridge connecting the first and the second sentences.
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Re: Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 08:43
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'C' is the correct choice - The statement suggests an increased activity of the massaged babies could increase their calorie and nutrient intake from a given amount of milk, thereby explaining how they could gain extra weight without drinking more milk.
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Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016 [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2018, 21:56
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma GMATNinjatwo generis

Is my thought process correct:

Paradox: Massaged babies have more weight than non massaged ones
even though they consume same milk as other types of babies.

Why is this surprising? Massaged babies are more active so ideally they should experience a weight loss per author.

Why does NONE of answer choices talk about weight in this Q?
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Premature Babies OG Verbal Review 2016   [#permalink] 23 Feb 2018, 21:56
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